If you are keen to explore the world of science that is central to the connection between natural sciences and physics, engage in extensive research and find out new avenues, then, PhD in Chemistry might suit your career aspirations. Having to engage in independent studies, broadening your skill base and engaging in experiments in the laboratory for long periods of time, in a PhD curriculum, you would study different principles of Thermodynamics, advanced levels of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, Mathematics, etc. With the knowledge of these core areas of the subject, you would understand the application of these fundamental principles to real-life practical processes. Let us take a look at the scope of pursuing a PhD in Chemistry.
|Course||Doctor of Philosophy in Chemistry|
|Duration||3 – 6 years|
|Eligibility Criteria||Masters Degree|
|Admission Process||Entrance Test|
|Top Entrance Exams||UGC – NET, GATE, CUCET|
|Average Fees||INR 80k – 3 lakhs|
|Average Salary||INR 15 lakhs – 20 lakhs|
|Job Options||Staff Scientist, Chemistry Professor, etc|
This Blog Includes:
- About PhD in Chemistry
- Eligibility Criteria
- PhD in Chemistry: Admission Process
- PhD in Chemistry Top Colleges in India 2022
- PhD in Chemistry: Entrance Exams
- PhD in Chemistry: Entrance Exams Syllabus
- Ph.D. in Chemistry: Top Universities
- Top Universities for PhD in Chemistry
- Job Prospects & Salary
- Career Prospects
About PhD in Chemistry
PhD in Chemistry is a doctoral degree in one of the branches of Science that span over a period of 3-6 years. It is a detailed academic study and research and completes with the submission of an academic thesis on the subject that you engaged in research with. Moreover, these days there are a large number of innovative research projects that have been adopted such as the interface of Chemistry with Biology and Medicinal Sciences, Sustainable Energy, and Catalysis, amongst many others.
Moreover, the popular subjects studied over the course of your program include Computational and Theoretical Chemistry, Biochemistry and Organic Synthesis, Magnetic Resonance and Structural Chemistry, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Nanoscience, Biotechnology, Molecular biology, Microbiology, Genetics, Gene Expression, etc.
A PhD in Chemistry requires one to be committed to research and development and sometimes spend days at a stretch in the laboratory. Being a rigorous curriculum taught over a period of 3-6 years, a doctorate degree involves fierce training and education. Apart from these, there are a few things that one needs to pay heed to while seeking admission to this course. Some of these are:
- Senior Secondary Certificate or its equivalent from a recognised education board.
- A bachelor’s degree in Chemistry/Biochemistry or a related field of your specialization from an accredited institution.
- A master’s degree like MSc Chemistry, MSc Biochemistry from a recognised university.
- English Language Proficiency Test: IELTS, TOEFL or PTE score
- Proven evidence of work experience, if needed.
PhD in Chemistry: Admission Process
To get admitted into any top universities like IIsc Banglore, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Bombay, etc offering a Ph.D. chemistry, students need to sit for entrance exams. The admission process continues with a personal interview, and if they score well, they can also get a scholarship. Given below are the basic steps:
Step 1: Application – To get admission to any college for Ph.D. in Chemistry, students first have to fill out the form for the course through either online or offline mode.
Step 2: Entrance Exams – If students are aiming to get to admission in top universities, the entrance exams are extremely necessary.
Step 3: Results – Keep a thorough check on the exam results. After the results have been declared, the admission process will continue.
Step 4: Interview and Enrollment – After qualifying for the exam, the university will take an interview either online or offline by calling the students to the university campus.
PhD in Chemistry Top Colleges in India 2022
The table is given below listed the top-ranked colleges for Ph.D. in Chemistry in India with their NIRF rankings:
|NIRF Ranks||College||Entrance Exam||Average Fees (INR)||Average Salary|
|1||Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore||JAM/JEET scores||35,200||10 LPA|
|4||Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay||GATE/UATE/UGC-NET score, written test, and personal interview||73,000||20.34 LPA|
|5||Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur||Written test followed by an interview||28,900||30 LPA|
|6||Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur||Entrance Based||64,050||22 LPA|
|8||Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee||GATE/GPAT/UGC-NET/JRF scores, and interview||28,500||13.16 LPA|
PhD in Chemistry: Entrance Exams
Some universities have their own exams like Lovely Professional Universities has LPUNEST and the main national level exams conducted for this course are the UGC – NET, and GATE. There is also CUCET which is the common entrance for central universities.
PhD in Chemistry: Entrance Exams Syllabus
The syllabus of the entrance exam of this course depends upon three main topics:
|Inorganic Chemistry||Physical Chemistry||Organic Chemistry|
|Main Group Elements & their Compounds: Allotropy, Synthesis, Structure and Bonding, Industrial importance of the compounds.||Approximate methods of
quantum mechanics: Chemical applications of group theory; symmetry elements; point groups; character tables; selection rules.
|Asymmetric synthesis: Pericyclic reactions – electrocyclization, cycloaddition, sigmatropic rearrangements, and other related concerted reactions. Principles and applications of photochemical reactions in organic chemistry. Structure determination of organic compounds by IR, UV-Vis, 1H & 13C NMR, and Mass spectroscopic techniques.|
|Transition Elements and Coordination Compounds: Structure, bonding theories, spectral & magnetic properties, reaction mechanisms.||Statistical thermodynamics: Nernst equation, redox systems, electrochemical cells; collision and transition state theories of rate constants; unimolecular reactions; enzyme kinetics; salt effects; homogeneous catalysis; photochemical reactions.||Principles of stereochemistry: Organic reaction mechanisms involving addition, elimination, and substitution reactions with electrophilic, nucleophilic, or radical species. Determination of reaction pathways. Common named reactions and rearrangements – applications in organic synthesis.|
|Inner transition elements: Spectral and magnetic properties, redox chemistry, analytical applications.||Basic principles of quantum mechanics: Postulates; operator algebra; exactly-solvable systems: particle-in-a-box, harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom, including shapes of atomic orbitals; tunneling.||Principles of stereochemistry: Organic reaction mechanisms involving addition, elimination, and substitution reactions with electrophilic, nucleophilic, or radical species. Determination of reaction pathways. Common named reactions and rearrangements – applications in organic synthesis.|
|Characterization of inorganic compounds by IR, Raman, NMR, EPR, Mossbauer, UV-vis, NQR, MS, electron spectroscopy, and microscopic techniques.||Molecular spectroscopy: Rotational and vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules; electronic spectra; IR and Raman activities||Organic transformations and reagents: Functional group interconversion including oxidations and reductions; common catalysts and reagents (organic, inorganic, organometallic, and enzymatic).|
|Bioinorganic chemistry: Photosystems, porphyrins, metalloenzymes, oxygen transport, electron-transfer reactions; nitrogen fixation, metal complexes in medicine.||Colloids and surfaces: Stability and properties of colloids; isotherms and surface area; heterogeneous catalysis.||Concepts in organic synthesis: Retrosynthesis, disconnection, synthons.|
|Organometallic compounds: Synthesis, bonding and structure, and reactivity.||Chemical thermodynamics: Laws, state and path functions and their applications; thermodynamic description of various types of processes; elementary description of phase transitions; phase equilibria and phase rule; thermodynamics of ideal and non-ideal gases, and solutions.|
Ph.D. in Chemistry: Top Universities
Enlisted are the best universities to pursue a Ph.D. in Chemistry with their corresponding areas of specialization:
|Universidade in Chemical Science & Technology, Spain||Ph.D. in Chemical Science & Technology|
|Hong Kong University of Science & Technology||Ph.D. in Nano Science & Technology|
|Rochester Institute of Technology||Ph.D. in Microsystems Engineering|
|Brno University of Technology||Ph.D. in Chemistry and Technology of Foodstuffs|
|University of Pardubice, Czech Republic||Ph.D. in Chemistry & Technology of Inorganic Materials|
|UAE University||Ph.D. in Chemistry|
|The University of Texas at Dallas, USA||USA|
|Charles University Faculty of Science, Prague||Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry|
Top Universities for PhD in Chemistry
Access to the top of the range research equipment and facilities like X-ray diffractometers, scanning tunnelling microscopes, electron microscopes, mass spectrometers, and high-field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometers, the best universities around the world have a lot to offer. Which is why we have curated a list of renowned universities around the world taking into consideration the top 5 countries to study Chemistry that might be perfect for you.
- California Institute of Technology
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- Princeton University
- Harvard University
- Yale University
- University of Glasgow
- John Hopkins University
- University of Kent
- McGill University
- University of Cambridge
- University of California, Berkeley
- University of York
- University of Essex
- University of Montreal
- The University of Edinburgh
- The University of Manchester
- Cornell University
Job Prospects & Salary
Read on to find out the below-mentioned job options with the respective average salaries after pursuing a Ph.D. in Chemistry:
- Research Scientist – Ranges around INR 8.7 lakhs
- Principal Scientist – Ranges around INR 20 lakhs
- Assistant General Manager – Ranges around INR 20 lakhs
- Business Consultant – Ranges around INR 30 lakhs
- High School Principal – Ranges around INR 4.7 lakhs
Progressing into the branch of Chemistry would allow you to explore multifarious opportunities that would refine your skills and make a good living. Working with different chemical research centres, industries such as plastic and polymer factories, forensic labs, food packaging and processing firms along with the beverage and liquor industries hire chemists at a large scale. You may also make a career in Medicinal Chemistry and work towards finding new cures and medical testing and manufacturing. You can consider the following profiles after pursuing a PhD in Chemistry:
- Medical Technologist
- Research Instructor
- Material Science
- Pharma Assistant
- Agricultural Chemist
- Clinical Research Specialist
- Medical Technologist
- Food and Flavor Chemist
- Water Quality Chemist
- Production Chemist
- Product Officer
- Research & Development Manager
- Scientific Data Entry Specialist
- Safety Health and Environment Specialist
- Quality Controller
If you are doing this course from a reputed institute, Ph.D. can usually take up to 6 years to complete or even less than that, i.e, 3 years.
Overall consideration takes place like, admission process, student’s score in the entrance exams, and the universities offering scholarships based on the student’s merit.
There is no best in this case but yes IIT Guwahati has one of the best chemistry departments among the IITs. It has all the facilities and there are around 42 professors so you get many options to do research under them.
With a PhD in Chemistry, you can get a postdoctoral position where you continue to research. Many individuals decide that academia is not for them and use their teaching, financial sector, or trading skills. If you have any inhibitions in finding a path to your career aspirations, Leverage Edu can guide you towards it and boost your career.