How to Become a Space Scientist?

7 minute read
how to become space sci

ISRO’s Chandrayaan 2 was a proud moment for every Indian leaving millions of kids inspired and curious about the unsolved mysteries of science. Are you someone who is always gazing at stars and moons at night wondering if life is possible on other planets? Then space scientist is your perfect fit. In this blog, we shall discuss how to become a space scientist and its courses, eligibility in India as well as abroad.

Credits – CourseXpert

Also Read: How to Become an Astronaut?

How to Become a Space Scientist: Step by Step Guide!

If you are interested in initiating a career as a space scientist we have paved the way for you in the following steps:

Step 1: Choosing Science Stream

The first step towards becoming a Space Scientist starts selecting a stream after class 10. After clearing class 10 if you are interested in building a career as a space scientist it is mandatory to choose a stream that has Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (Preferrably MPC Subjects). Without these subjects, you won’t be able to apply for a degree that is compulsory for working in a space agency. Applicants won’t be able to pursue a degree related to pure science, engineering, etc. It advised that students choose Non- Medical or Medical stream after class 10.

Step 2: Entrance Exams

There are two subjects field you can pursue – Engineering or Pure Science. The next step is the entrance exam after Class 12th boards. For applying for jobs as a space scientist you have to get a bachelor’s degree first. Bachelor’s degree can be B.Sc. in physics, chemistry, Mathematics, or B.E./ B.TechThen you have to get a master’s degree, You can pursue a master’s in the same field or related fields and finally get a Ph.D. in related fields. The entrance exams you can appear for are JEE Main, JEE Advanced, AIEEE, BITSAT, IIST. 

Step 3: Selecting the Right College/University

Selecting the right colleges is important because ISRO recruits students from college placements as well. IIT Bombay and IISCs students have chances to get direct placement in ISRO. You can also study from universities abroad. Select the university that offers the course you wish to pursue and prepare for that entrance exam. For masters, GMAT & GRE scores are required.

Step 4: Recruitment of Space Scientist

In India, space scientists are hired by VSSC, ISRO, and DRDO. Applicants are hired at different grades based on their educational qualifications, experience, and academic records. The applicant with excellent academic performance and master’s or Ph.D. will be hired at a higher grade whereas the applicants with less experience and qualifications at a lower grade. 

Also Read: Popular Books on Astronomy

How to Become a Space Scientist in ISRO?

Every student aspiring to be a space scientist in India has a dream to get hired in ISRO, It is a national space agency of India. You can get a chance of working at ISRO in three ways. Students that have completed their graduation from IIST and have scored 7.5 CGPA are eligible and ISRO will contact them on their own for recruitment. Next is through placements. In top NITs and IITs, ISRO hires qualified and talented students for different job profiles. There are rounds of personal interviews and group discussions as well.  Lastly, you can appear for the ICRB ISRO exam. It is a recruitment process can candidates with 65% marks in graduation are qualified to appear. The exam is objective type and the syllabus is related to the applicant’s educational background. Students of only limited courses are eligible to apply. Here is the list of qualification to become a scientist in ISRO :

  • BE
  • BTech
  • B.Sc. + B.E./B.Tech (Lateral Entry)
  • B.Sc. (Engineering)
  • Diploma + B.E./B.Tech. (Lateral Entry)

Also Read: 6 Innovative Careers in Engineering

How to Become a Space Scientist in NASA?

NASA is a space agency in the USA that is responsible for civilian space programs, aeronautics, and space research. Every aspiring scientist aims to be part of this esteemed organization but every applicant is not eligible. The first eligibility is if you are not a citizen of the USA you can’t work at NASA but you can be a part of other International space partners if you match the criteria. Applicants must have a master’s degree in STEM courses, 2 years of professional experience in related fields, and the ability to pass  NASA long-duration flight astronauts physical. Additional skills like Leadership, teamwork, and communication are a bonus. Your application is reviewed by NASA’s Astronaut Selection Board. If chose applicants are called into small groups for interviews at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. Based on the interview performance many applicants are called back for the second round of interviews and then final applicants are selected. While non- US citizens can’t work at NASA here are NASA’s International Space Partners:

Courtesy: NASA Johson

How to Become Space Scientist after 10th

The foundation for becoming a space scientist is laid immediately after qualifying class 10th. In order to become a space scientist whether in ISRO or in NASA, you will be required to opt for the Science stream in which Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics shall be the compulsory subjects. Once you qualify for your class 12th examination with these subjects, you immediately become eligible for pursuing a career in this field. Later, you can select the institution of your choice offering space science courses by qualifying for required exams.

Qualification to Become a Space Scientist

To become a space scientist you must have the required qualification just like journalism graduates are not qualified to become a Civil Engineer similarly not all courses are qualified to become a space scientist. It is necessary to select the right course, you can pursue a course in STEM subjects, Engineering, etc. You can either pursue a Bsc, Btech, or BE degree and then pursue a Master’s and PhD or choose an integrated course as well.  Here is a list of popular courses for a career as a Space Scientist:

  • B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering
  •  B.Tech in Avionics Engineering
  • B.Tech+M.S./M.Tech 
  • B.Tech. in Engineering Physics + M.S. in Physics, Astronomy, or related field.
  •  M.Tech. in Optical Engineering
  • M.Tech in Electronics, Electrical, Mechanical, and Computer Science
  •  Ph.D. in relevant disciplines

Also Read: Best Science and Tech Courses Globally

Top Colleges in India for Space Scientist Courses

India has some of the finest institutions offering the courses that are required to become a space scientist. Graduates from the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology with marvelous academics are contacted by ISRO while IIT graduates are hired in placement drive by ISRO. Here is the list of top 10 colleges for Space scientist courses in India:

  1. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  2.  Indian Institute of Science Education and Research
  3. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Kerala
  4. University of Hyderabad –  Centre for Earth and Space Sciences
  5. Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences
  6. Nainital Indian Institute of Astrophysics
  7.  Bangalore Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics
  8.  Pune National Centre for Radio Astronomy
  9.  Pune Physical Research Laboratory
  10.  Ahmedabad Radio Astronomy Center

Top Institutions for Space Scientist Courses Abroad

You can also be a part of top institutions from around the globe offering courses that will help you in becoming a space scientist. Study in UK, USA, Australia, Ireland has been among the Top Institutions Space Scientist Courses Abroad. Here is a list along with the courses:

Embry- Riddle Aeronautical University, USABachelor of Science in Space Physics
University of Leicester, UKPhysics with Space Science MPhys (Hons)Physics with Space Science BSc (Hons)
University College Dublin, IrelandBSc (Hons) in Physics with Astronomy and Space ScienceMSc in Space Science and Technology
University of New South Wales, AustraliaMaster of Space Operations
University of Bath, UKElectronic Engineering with Space Science Technology BEng (Hons)Electronic Engineering with Space Science Technology MEng (Hons)
Temple University, USABachelor of Science in Earth and Space Science with Teaching
University of Southampton, UKPhysics with Space Science MPhys
RMIT University, AustraliaBachelor of Space Science
Stevens Institute of Technology, USAMaster of Engineering in Space Systems Engineering
University of Kent, UKAstronomy, Space Science and Astrophysics BSc (Hons)

Also Read: How to Become a Rocket Scientist?

Space Scientist Salary in ISRO

If you go on to take up a job as a Space Scientist in ISRO, you average salary would be like-

ProfilesAverage Salary 
Distinguished ScientistINR 75,500 -INR 80,000
Outstanding ScientistINR 67,000 -INR 79,000
Scientist/ Engineer – H & GINR 37,400 – INR 67,000
Scientist/ Engineer – SGINR 37,400 – INR 67,000
Scientist/ Engineer- SFINR 37,400 – INR 67,000
Scientist/ Engineer- SE & SDINR 15,600 – INR 39,100


What is the best institution in India for building a career as a Space Scientist?

Indian Institute of Science Education and Research is one of the best institutions in India.

Is it mandatory to have a PhD to become a Space Scientist?

PhD is not mandatory, however, ISRO prefers applicants that have PhD

Are integrated engineering courses eligible for working at ISRO?

Yes, integrated courses are also eligible.

How can I become a space scientist after 12th?

In order to become a space scientist after class 12th, you will have get enrolled in a University offering the course of a choice of this field by qualifying some entrance exams. Later, you will have to complete masters degree in association with your UG course.

How many years it will take to become a space scientist?

Whether you opt to become a space scientist in ISRO or in NASA, it will take you around 5 to 7 years.

So, this was all about How to become a Space Scientist. Hope you found this blog insightful and informative. Get in touch with our Leverage Edu experts for assistance throughout the application process. You can also follow us on Facebook, Instagram, and LinkedIn.

Leave a Reply

Required fields are marked *



  1. Thank you so much for this post. I also had a question. Do you need to study computer science too to become a space scientist?

    1. Hello Roopsha,
      We are glad to know that you have found our blog helpful and interesting. Thanks for the positive feedback on our blog. To answer your question at the end, it’s not a compulsion or a thumb rule to study computer science if you have to be a space scientist. So if you are not familiar with computer science, that won’t or shouldn’t affect your designation as a space scientist. Even if you have prior knowledge about computer science, that will be an added extra advantage for you. Hope this helps!

        1. Hi get in touch with our study abroad experts at 1800 57 2000 they will surely help you

  2. Is it possible to study space science if i passed 12 with commerce(account) ? If yes what is the best step to get in?