How To Become A Scientist In ISRO?

How to Become a Scientist in ISRO

ISRO, an acronym for Indian Space Research Organization, is one of the world’s leading space agencies, known for its cost-effective ventures and advanced technologies. ISRO has successfully launched several missions by putting its best foot forward. Working with a team of some of India’s brightest minds who are always ready and eager to invent and discover new things is a dream come true for many students. In the words of Dr A.P.J Abdul Kalam, one of the greatest scientists of all times – ‘Climbing to the top demands strength, whether it is to the top of Mount Everest or to the top of your career. Joining ISRO is tough but to crack and thus, through this blog, we will provide you with a step by step guide on how to become a scientist in ISRO and the educational path that you need to follow for joining this esteemed space organization. Joining ISRO is a difficult task in and of itself. As a result, we will provide you with a step-by-step guide on how to become a scientist at ISRO, as well as the educational route that you must take to enter this prestigious space agency, via this blog.

Brief Note on ISRO 

The Indian Space Research Organisation, based in Bengaluru, is the country’s national space agency. It is run by the Department of Space, which is overseen directly by the Honourable Prime Minister of India, and the chairman of ISRO also serves as the executive of DOS. ISRO was founded in 1969 with the aim of developing and using space technology for national development while also pursuing planetary exploration and space science research. ISRO succeeded INCOSPAR (Indian National Committee for Space Research), which was established in 1962 by India’s first Prime Minister, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, and scientist Vikram Sarabhai, two of the country’s founding fathers of Indian space program.

Credits: @isro

Who Is A Space Scientist?

Space science is the study of the universe by scientists. There are two types of space scientists in this field: physicists and astronomers. Physicists concentrate on the field’s theoretical aspects as well as laboratory equipment. They are in charge of how things work in space, while astronomers research stars, planets, galaxies, and other objects. All roads lead to a career in space science, regardless of the area you select.

How To Become A Scientist In ISRO: Step By Step Guide!

For the young minds who are wondering how to become a scientist in ISRO, following a proper educational path with all the necessary subjects is of utmost importance. Directly or through the CRB examination, the candidates who have a sound knowledge and required skills pertaining to the fields of astronomy, physics, and mathematics are generally recruited by ISRO. Given below is a comprehensive summary of the education and specializations you need to know about before becoming a scientist in ISRO: 

How to Become a Scientist in ISRO

Step 1

First and foremost, the students need to have MPC subjects (Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry) during their 10+2 level of secondary level education. They should have an excellent aptitude and sound knowledge in Mathematical as well as Physical concepts so taught to them.

Step 2

After passing the higher secondary school with an exceptional CGPA or percentage (above 75%), the students should enroll in one of the many engineering branches available through JEE Advanced and JEE mains. Even though the list of best engineering courses is long, the students must pursue BTech or BE in courses such as Mechanical Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Computer Science Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Engineering Physics, Radio Engineering, and other related fields.

Step 3

On completion of the BTech/BE degree, the third step on how to become a scientist in ISRO is to give the ISRO Centralized Recruitment Board (ICRB) exam. The eligibility for taking this exam is that a candidate must hold a BTech or BE degree in Computer Science, Electronics, or Mechanical or any other related field with a minimum aggregate of 65% marks or 6.8 CGPA on a scale of 10. After clearing the exam, the shortlisted candidates have to appear for a written test and an interview round to join the organization successfully. 

Also Read: Difference Between BE and BTech

Note: ISRO prefers to recruit fresh graduates from the top engineering colleges in India such as IISc, IITs, NIT, IIST and other highly reputed government and private institutes. An advantage of pursuing an engineering degree from IIST is that a student with exceptional academic records will be absorbed in the organization. 

Step 4

There is also another route on how to become a scientist in ISRO for those who have completed their Masters (MSc, ME or MTech) and PhD in related specializations. 

Step 5

On completion of the degree program, Some of the top MTech courses include, such as geophysics, geoinformatics, instrumentation, applied mathematics, etc. For applying directly to the ISRO, the selection process includes a written test and an interview. Clearing this, the candidates can secure a job as a scientist at ISRO.

Step 6

One may apply for a position as a junior research fellow at ISRO, which allows them to conduct research as scientists and engineers. The selection process for a Scientist in such an organisation is extremely difficult and necessitates the highest level of intelligence, wits, and a very presentable and relaxed demeanour.

Also read: List of IITs

Credits: Aman Dhattarwal

Courses To Go For In Space Science After 12th

  • B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering 
  • B.Tech in Avionics Engineering 
  • B.Tech+M.S./M.Tech
  • Bachelor’s in Physics (BSc Physics)
  • Masters in Physics (MSc Physics)
  • PhD in Physics
  • B.Tech. in Engineering Physics + M.S. in Solid State Physics, Astronomy, Earth System Science/ M.Tech. in Optical Engineering
  • M.Tech in Electronics, Electrical, Mechanical and Computer Science 
  • PhD in Aerospace Engineering 
  • Masters in Astronomy (MSc Astronomy)
  • PhD in Astronomy
  • B.Tech + M.Tech in Engineering (Mechanical, Electrical, CS {Computer Science})

Top Space Science Colleges In India

Well, apart from answering your question on how to become a space scientist in ISRO?, we have also compiled a bonus list of top and best space science colleges/institutes in India, just to ease your task of hunting where to study or where to begin from. 

  1. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  2. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram
  3. Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
  4. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  5. Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
  6. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  7. Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore
  8. Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune
  9. National Centre for Radio Astronomy, Pune
  10. Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Kerala
  11. Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences, Nainital
  12. Centre for Earth and Space Sciences, (University of Hyderabad)
  13. Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad
  14. Radio Astronomy Center, Ooty
  15. Raman Research Institute, Bangalore
  16. Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science
  17. Manipal Institute of Technology
  18. Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra
  19. Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai
  20. International Institute for Aerospace Engineering and Management, Jain University Bangalore
Credits: Nimbus Education

FAQs on How to Become a Scientist in ISRO

Naturally, the candidates would have numerous questions and doubts after reading about how to become a scientist in ISRO. To clear some of your doubts, here are some of the most frequently asked questions asked by many aspiring candidates: 

What is the meaning of ‘SC’ in the scientist exam for ISRO?

SC is the foremost grade at ISRO. After clearing the written exam and interview, the candidates can be recruited as scientist/engineer ‘SC’. After gaining the requisite experience, the employees can go up to SD, SE, SF, SG, SH levels. 

How to apply for the post of Scientist/Engineer ‘SC’?

To apply for the post of Scientist/Engineer ‘SC’, you can visit the ‘Careers’ portal on the official website of ISRO. Click on the corresponding advertisement for the post you are looking for and then on the “visit page” and scroll down for the application link.

For those pursuing a diploma with BE/BTech (Lateral Entry), the course consists of only 6 semesters and not 7th and 8th, how to proceed with the online application?

In the third step of your online application, you can select the Diploma+BE/BTech option. Therein, you will see all the fields having only 6 semesters.

What are the qualification for ISRO?

Candidates must have completed a B.E/B. Tech or equivalent qualifying degree in first class with an overall minimum of 65 percent marks or a CGPA of 6.84 on a scale of ten.

How can I join ISRO after 12?

You can enter ISRO as a scientist or an engineer in one of two ways. You will take the IIST exam (Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Trivandrum) after or during your 12th grade. The IIST website,, has more information about this test.

Can I join NASA from ISRO?

The short and simple answer to your question is that there are no positions available at ISRO or NASA after 12th grade. A bachelor’s degree is required for employment at ISRO, with a master’s degree preferred. To get a position at NASA, you must already be in the United States with a valid work visa and a decent bachelor’s degree.

Do ISRO employees get a pension?

The most important advantage is work security. You get a long-term job with the assurance that your job will be secured. After retirement, all ISRO employees are responsible for their pension.

If you want to pursue the above-mentioned courses but are confused about it then take the assistance of experts at Leverage Edu through a 30 minutes free career counselling session and get the answers to all your questions! And If you are still confused about how to become a scientist in ISRO, then you can leave your comments down here!

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