Geography Syllabus

3 minute read
Geography Syllabus

Ever wondered how huge mountains and rocks were formed and how did they even get their shape? Are you intrigued to study the world around you? And, if you want to make a difference in the world, studying Geography is a good place to start. In the list of Arts stream subjects, Geography offers opportunities to develop solutions to some of the most pressing issues of modern society like overpopulation, natural disasters, climate change, multicultural integration and urban expansion. But before you wish to escape from the existing concepts and take yourself on an explorative journey of environmental diversity and the vastness of cultures on the earth, let us take a quick look at the different elements of the Geography syllabus.

Overview – Geography Syllabus


For the ones who wish to make their impact on the world and foster modern solutions to modern problems, pursuing a degree in Geography can be a turning point for them. In general, the syllabus for Geography is divided into Physical Geography and Human Geography. While Physical Geography discusses the physical process of the Earth; climates; weathers; rock formations; earthquakes and ocean floor, Human Geography, on the other hand, is concerned with the issues of the population; religious, cultural and environmental practices and changes; globalization, etc. 

Geography Syllabus: Class 9, Class 10 & UPSC 2022

Based on the two specializations in the Geography syllabus, there will, obviously, be two modules offered to the students. Following are the topics includes in Physical Geography are:

  • Geography Economics
  • Geographical Skills in the Changing World
  • Biodiversity and Conservation
  • Biogeochemical Cycles
  • Global Change Biology
  • Urban and Rural Geography
  • Atmosphere, Weather and Climate
  • Aquatic Ecology
  • Cultural Geography
  • Interior of Earth
  • Hydrology
  • Environmental Chemistry

Talking about specialised courses pertaining to Human Geography, below listed are some of the popular concepts covered in the Geography syllabus:

  • Society and Space – Human Geography
  • Cities and Globalization
  • Conservation and Sustainable Development
  • Food and Agriculture
  • Geographical Information System (GIS)
  • Urban Infrastructure in the Changing World
  • Environment, Politics and Society
  • Global Consumption
  • Climate and Society

Other modules under the Geography syllabus which you may study irrespective of the specialization you choose include:

  • Water Science and Management
  • Wilderness and Habitats
  • Sustainable Development
  • Globalization and Regional Development
  • Health, Space and Justice
  • Environmental Change

Geography has been successful in attracting students from all over the world, owing to the plethora of career opportunities available for them. However, before you start your professional career in Geography, you have to gain a qualification in Geography or a related subject depending on your academic level. This will increase your employability in different sectors. Also, degree courses in Human Geography can be a Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts, while Physical Geography is offered as Bachelor of Science or Master of Science courses. Read on to know some of the widely chosen courses in Geography:

Undergraduate Courses

  • BA Applied Geography
  • BA Geography (Human)
  • BA Human Geography
  • BSc Geography (Physical)
  • BSc Human Geography and Urban or Regional Planning
  • BSc Geography (Hons)
  • BSc Geology
  • Bachelors of Geoscience

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Graduate Courses

  • MA in Polar Landscapes and Quaternary Climate
  • Masters in Geoinformatics for Natural Resources Management
  • Masters in Geographical Information Science
  • Masters in Geography and Planning
  • MA in Geopolitics
  • MSc Geography
  • MSc Geology
  • MSc in Environmental Science and Geography
  • Masters in Sustainable Land Planning and Territorial Development
  • MA in Cartography

Top Global Universities

After getting a full-fledged idea of the Geography syllabus, more and more students start to flock towards the field of Geography, owing to exceptional advancements in technologies and new discoveries. Want to travel the world and explore Geography for yourself? Here is a list of the best universities that offer diverse courses in Geography besides providing quality educational infrastructure:

Now that you are familiar with the Geography syllabus, its time to browse the right study abroad program for yourself. Book your 30 minutes of free career counselling with our experts at Leverage Edu and get enrolled in any of the top institutions to study a Geography degree.

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