Class 9 Geography CBSE Syllabus

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Class 9 Geography

As a core discipline in secondary education, Social Science aims to provide students with the knowledge of human societies and their corresponding environment in a broader manner to help students imbibe a humane and observational outlook. The components of social science play an integral role in the development and progress of a nation and studying them equips students with the necessary knowledge and skills to avail their rights as responsible citizens. One such imperative element of social science at the secondary level is Geography. Referred to as Contemporary India -I, Class 9 Geography covers varied basic concepts which are further detailed in the next standard. Through this blog, we will provide you with a detailed summary of Class 9 Geography syllabus, pattern, and analysis of major concepts.

Related Read: Geography Class 10

Exam Pattern

The exam pattern of social science in class 9th is divided into 2 parts comprising of written examination and internal assessment. The written paper is completely subjective and students are expected to write answers with varying word limits depending upon the weightage of the question. Internal Assessment will be of 20 marks whereas the written paper will be of 80 marks, offering questions from history, geography, economics, and political science. 

S. No. Units  No. of Periods  Marks 
I India and the Contemporary World– I  60 20
II Contemporary India-I 55 20
III Democratic Politics- I 50 20
IV Understanding Economic Development  50  20
Total  215 80

Also Read: Grammar for Class 10

Class 9 Geography Syllabus 

As an imperative part of social sciences, Geography is an interesting subject that imparts varied knowledge regarding the physical attributes of the earth and its atmosphere. Also, students get to learn about how human activities affect nature. Class 9 students under the CBSE board comprise six main chapters or themes which have been elaborated on below:

1. India

This section of class 9 geography familiarises students with the appropriate location of India as a part of the entire Indian subcontinent along with the latitudinal and longitudinal position of the country on the world map. The major topics constituted in this section are as follows:

2. Physical Features of India

As the name of the chapter suggests, it explores the underlying geological structure of the country, features of various major landforms, types of rock and minerals along with the nature of the soil types. Furthermore, it is divided into one more sub-topic, i.e. Major Physiographic Divisions which encompasses the Himalayan Mountains, the Indian Desert, and the Islands, among others.

3. Drainage

Through this important section of class 9 geography, students will learn to identify the multitude of rivers of India and the role of rivers in human society. The main inclusions in this section are:

  • Lakes 
  • Major Rivers and Tributaries 
  • Pollution of Rivers 
  • Roles of Rivers in the Economy

4. Climate 

This concept of Class 9 geography constitutes the study of climate variability of the country, impacts of climate variations on the lives of common people, factors influencing the climate, importance of monsoons, etc. Below mentioned are the important topics in this section:

5. Natural Vegetation and Wildlife 

This topic focuses on covering the essential concept of elaborating on the nature of fauna and flora and their distribution in the country along with measures to conserve the biodiversity of the country. Let’s look into the major sub-divisions of this concept under class 9 geography: 

6. Population

Under this section, concepts like the nature of population distribution and concerns about the large size of the population, various factors of population change, national population policies, and the need for adolescents as an underserved group, etc will be elucidated through this section of class 9 geography. Here are some important topics of Population that you will be studying:

Here are some of the beneficial links for class 9 and class 10 that you must explore:

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus Class 10 Science Syllabus List of 10th Pass
Govt Jobs
Class 10 ICSE Chemistry CBSE Class 10
English Syllabus
Social Science Class 10
Short Term Courses
After 10th
List of Exams After 10th Study in Canada after 10th


How many chapters are there in Geography class 9 CBSE?

There are 6 chapters in the Geography class 9 CBSE book.

What is the name of class 9th Geography book?

The name of the class 9th Geography book is NCERT Geography (Contemporary India – I) Textbook For Class- IX.

What is the syllabus of Geography class 9?

The class 9 Geography syllabus for 2022-2023 includes several topics. Some of them are the physical features of India, drainage, and climate.

Hopefully, this blog has assisted you in gaining further clarity on the class 9 geography syllabus. Taking your next step to a higher secondary level after the 10th would require you to choose a stream of study which is quite a confusing task for many. Sign up for a 30-minute free career counseling session with our study abroad experts and we will help you in deciding upon the right stream which can guide you toward a fulfilling career!

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