Geography Class 10 CBSE

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Geography Class 10

As a subpart of Social Science subject, CBSE Geography Class 10 syllabus focuses on India’s physical forms and resources. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is among the renowned boards of examinations in India which provides a comprehensive Geography syllabus. As per the revised Date Sheet for Class 10th Exams in 2021, the Social Science Exam for Class 10 has been cancelled for the year 2021. Through this blog will provide insights into the syllabus.

Syllabus and Weightage

The Social Science exam of CBSE class 10 board examination is of 80 marks out of which 20 marks are allocated to Geography. Thus, performing well in this section becomes important. Given below, is a list of topics:

Chapter 1: Resources and Development
Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources
Chapter 3: Water Resources
Chapter 4: Agriculture
Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources
Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries
Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy

Chapters 

For those students who cant mug updates and events of History or can’t perform well in the Civis section of the subject, Geography is the only option left to meet the passing marks. It wouldn’t be wrong to say that it is easier to grasp the learning of Geography over the other two divisions of Social Sciences. Given below is a brief description of chapters that fall in the syllabus of the same: 

Class 10 Geography Chapter 1: Resources and Development

Under this chapter of Resources and Development, the student will understand the value of resources and the need for their judicious utilisation and conservation. Topics that are covered in this chapter include types of resources, need for resource planning, soil types and distribution, land as a natural resource, land use pattern, land degradation and conservation measures.

The following is the pattern of questions asked in CBSE Board exams from this chapter:

Number of Questions: 3
Question 1: 5 MCQs
Question 2: 4 short-answer questions
(30 words)
Question 3: 2 short-answer questions
(120 words)

Class 10 Geography Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources

In the Forest and Wildlife chapter, students will learn and understand the importance of forests and wildlife in one environment. Topics which are included under this heading include Biodiversity or Biological Diversity, Flora and Fauna in India, The Himalayan Yew in trouble, Conservation of forest and wildlife in India, Types and distribution of forests and wildlife resources, Project Tiger, and Community and Conservation.

The following is the pattern of questions asked in CBSE Board exams from this chapter:

Number of Questions: 5
Question 1: 2 MCQs
Question 2: Match the Following

Question 3: Match the Following
Question 4: 2 short-answer questions
(30 words)
Question 5: 1 short-answer question
(120 words)

Note: This chapter is not in the syllabus for the 2021 Board Exams. For more details check the heading: ‘Geography Class 10 Reduced Syllabus’.

Class 10 Geography Chapter 3: Water Resources

The student understands the importance of water as a resource as well as develop awareness towards judicious use and conservation through this chapter. Students study sources and distribution of water, utilisation of water, water scarcity, multi-purpose projects, rainwater harvesting and the need for conservation and management of water.

The following is the pattern of questions asked in CBSE Board exams from this chapter:

Number of Questions: 3
Question 1: 3 MCQs
Question 2: 2 short-answer questions
(30 words)
Question 3: 2 short-answer questions (120 words)

Note: Parts of this chapter are not in the syllabus for the 2021 Board Exams. For more details check the heading: ‘Geography Class 10 Reduced Syllabus’.

Class 10 Geography Chapter 4: Agriculture

Under the Agriculture chapter, the student will understand the importance of agriculture in the national economy, and identifying various types of farming and discuss the various farming methods. Topics that are covered in this heading are- types of farming, cropping pattern, technological and institutional reforms, Major Crops and the Impact of Globalization on Agriculture.

The following is the pattern of questions asked in CBSE Board exams from this chapter:

Number of Questions: 3
Question 1: 3 MCQs
Question 2: 4 short-answer questions
(30 words)
Question 3: 3 short-answer questions (120 words)

Class 10 Geography Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources

The Minerals and Energy resources chapter, discuss various types of minerals as well as their uneven nature of distribution and explain the need for their judicious utilisation. Students under this chapter study types of minerals, Mode of occurrence of Minerals, Ferrous and Nonferrous Minerals, distribution of minerals (on a map only), types of power resources, conventional and unconventional resources and their uses. 

The following is the pattern of questions asked in CBSE Board exams from this chapter:

Number of Questions: 3
Question 1: 4 MCQs
Question 2: 4 short-answer questions
(30 words)
Question 3: 2 short-answer questions (120 words)

Note: Parts of this chapter are not in the syllabus for the 2021 Board Exams. For more details check the heading: ‘Geography Class 10 Reduced Syllabus’.

Credit: Shobhit Nirwan

Class 10 Geography Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries

Manufacturing Industries chapter aims to discuss the importance of industries in the national economy as well as understand the regional disparities which resulted due to the concentration of industries in some areas and also discuss the need for planned industrial development and debate over the role of government towards sustainable development. Topics which are included under this heading include types of minerals, the spatial distribution of minerals (on a map only), the Contribution of Industry to National Economy, the Contribution of Industry to National Economy, Classification of Industries, Importance of manufacturing and Control of Environmental Degradation.

The following is the pattern of questions asked in CBSE Board exams from this chapter:

Number of Questions: 3
Question 1: 4 MCQs
Question 2: 5 short-answer questions
(30 words)
Question 3: 3 short-answer questions (120 words)

Class 10 Geography Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Economy

This chapter, explains the importance of communication and transportation in the world and provide an understanding of the role of trade in the economic development of a country. Students will study Transport – Roadways, Railways, Pipelines, Waterways, Airways, International Trade, Communication and Tourism as a Trade.

The following is the pattern of questions asked in CBSE Board exams from this chapter:

Number of Questions: 3
Question 1: 6 MCQs
Question 2: 4 short-answer questions
(30 words)
Question 3: 2 short-answer questions (120 words)

NCERT Chapters PDF

Here are the full chapters for Class 10 Geography in form of PDF:

Geography Class 10 Reduced Syllabus

In interest to the pandemic, CBSE decided to reduce the syllabus for the upcoming exams of Social Science. Although the exams have been cancelled, let’s check out what all parts of the syllabus were to get reduced. Here are the sections for Geography Class 10th syllabus that have been removed or reduced for exams in 2021.

Chapter Name Deleted Section
Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Complete Chapter
Chapter 3: Water Resources Complete Chapter except for Maps that will be assessed for the exam
Chapter 5: Mineral and Energy Resources Complete Chapter except Maps that will be assessed for the exam

Map Sections of the Revised Chapters

Chapter 3: Water Resources (Locating and Labelling) 

Dams: 

  • Salal 
  • Bhakra Nangal 
  • Tehri 
  • Rana Pratap Sagar 
  • Sardar Sarovar 
  • Hirakud 
  • Nagarjuna Sagar 
  • Tungabhadra

Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources Minerals (Identification only) 

  • Iron Ore mines  
    • Mayurbhanj  
    • Durg  
    • Bailadila  
    • Bellary  
    • Kudremukh 
  • Coal Mines  
    • Raniganj  
    • Bokaro  
    • Talcher  
    • Neyveli 
  • Oil Fields  
    • Digboi  
    • Naharkatia  
    • Mumbai High  
    • Bassien  
    • Kalol  
    • Ankaleshwar 
  • Power Plants (Locating and Labelling only) 
  • Thermal  
    • Namrup  
    • Singrauli  
    • Ramagundam 
  • Nuclear  
    • Narora  
    • Kakrapara  
    • Tarapur  
    • Kalpakkam

Model Activity Class 10 Geography

Here is the PDF for model activities for Class 10th Geography:

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the syllabus of geography class 10?

The syllabus of Geography Class 10 includes:
– Resources and Development
– Forest and Wildlife Resources
– Water Resources
– Agriculture
– Minerals and Energy Resources
– Manufacturing Industries
– Lifelines of National Economy

How many chapters are there in geography class 10th?

There are a total of seven chapters in geography class 10th.

What is the syllabus of class 10 Geography 2020-21?

The revised syllabus for class 10 includes all chapters except ‘Forest and Lifestyle’ and only Map sections from ‘Water Resources’ and ‘Mineral and Energy Resources’.

Will there be 10th board exam in 2021?

Yes, there will be 10th board exams in 2021. The exam date sheet has been released and they will start from 4 May 2021. 

These were the details of CBSE Geography Class 10 syllabus. Most of these topics fall under Geography for UPSC. If you can’t make a decision for which stream to opt for in Class 11th then it is the right time to visit Leverage Edu. They will talk you through and evaluate which stream fits you the best. Apart from this, candidates can also take up a psychometric test to make a sure shot choice!

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