# NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 ‘Maps’: Notes and Solutions (Free PDF)

## Summary: NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 4

NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 4, titled “Maps,” introduces students to maps and their significance. It teaches us that maps are like pictures that help us understand places and their features. The chapter covers different types of maps, like political and physical maps, explaining how they show boundaries and natural features, respectively.

Students learn about the use of symbols and colours on maps, which represent various elements such as mountains, rivers, and cities. Also, the chapter introduces the concept of a scale, which helps us understand distances on maps. It also discusses the cardinal directions (North, South, East, West) and how they guide us on a map.

The chapter also touches upon the importance of a compass rose, which shows directions on a map. It concludes that maps are essential tools for studying and guiding our world.

Also Read: Which is the Longest River in India?

## Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 Notes

Let us now explore the important definitions of Class 6 Geography Chapter 4.

## Important Definitions in NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 4

• Map: A map is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn
• on a flat surface according to a scale.
• Physical Maps: Maps showing natural features of the earth such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, oceans, etc. are called physical or relief maps.
• Political Maps: Maps showing cities, towns villages, and different countries and states of the world with their boundaries are called political maps.
• Thematic Maps: Some maps focus on specific information; such as road maps, rainfall maps, and maps showing the distribution of forests, industries, etc. are known as thematic maps.
• Scale: Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
• Small-scale map: When large areas like continents or countries are to be shown on paper, then we use a small scale. For example, 5 cm. on the map shows 500 km. of the ground. It is called a small-scale map.
• Large-scale map: When a small area like your village or town is to be shown on paper, then we use a large scale that is 5 cm. The map shows 500 meters only on the ground. It is called a large-scale map.
• Conventional symbols: Maps have a universal language that can be understood by all. There is an international agreement regarding the use of these symbols. These are called conventional symbols.
• Sketch: A sketch is a drawing mainly based on memory and spot observation and not on scale. Sometimes a rough drawing is required of an area to tell where a particular place is located with respect to other places.
• Plan: A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale. A large-scale map gives a lot of information, but there are certain things which we may sometimes want to know for example the length and breadth of a room, which can’t be shown on a map.

## Important Questions and Answers in NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 4

1. Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What are the three components of a map?

(b) What are the four cardinal directions?

(c) What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?

(d) How are maps more helpful than a globe?

(e) Distinguish between a map and a plan.

(f) Which map provides detailed information?

(g) How do symbols help in reading maps?

Ans.

(a) The three components of a map are distance, direction and symbol.

(b) The four cardinal directions are: North, South, East, and West.

(c) The term ‘the scale of the map’ refers to the ratio between a unit of length on the map and the corresponding distance on the ground.

(d) Maps are more helpful than a globe because they can provide more detailed and specific information about a particular area, including roads, cities, and landmarks.

(e) A map is a representation of a larger area, while a plan is a detailed drawing or diagram of a smaller area, often showing buildings or structures.

(f) A topographic map provides detailed information about the natural and man-made features of a specific area, including contour lines, rivers, and buildings.

(g) Symbols help in reading maps by using simple pictures or shapes to represent real-world features, making it easier to understand and interpret the information on the map.

2. Tick the correct answers.

(a) Maps showing the distribution of forests are

(i) Physical map     (ii) Thematic Map    (iii) Political map

(b) The blue colour is used for showing

(i) Water bodies     (ii) Mountains         (iii) Plains

(c) A compass is used

(i) To show symbols        (ii) To find the main direction          (iii) To measure the distance

(d) A scale is necessary

(i) For a map         (ii) For a sketch      (iii) For symbols

Ans:

(ii) Thematic Map

(i) Water bodies

(ii) To find the main direction

(i) For a map

Also Read:

NCERT Class 6 Geography: Chapter-1 The Earth in the Solar System

NCERT Class 6 Geography: Chapter- 2 Latitudes and Longitudes

NCERT Class 6 Geography: Chapter-3 Motions of the Earth

## FAQs

Q.1. What is the meaning of a Map?

Ans: A map is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.

Q.2. What are Physical Maps?

Ans: Maps showing natural features of the earth such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, oceans, etc. are called physical or relief maps.

Q.3. What are the three components of a map?

Ans: The three components of a map are distance, direction, and symbol.

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