BPSC Exam Pattern & Detailed Syllabus 2020

BPSC Exam Pattern

In order to recruit various lucrative posts for Bihar state administration, BPSC (Bihar Public Service Commission) has a dominant role to play. It is considered as the most promising and reputed competitive examination to that gets Rural Development Office, District Sanpark Officers on board. The managing body of the examination is on its full swing to conduct examination for the year 2020, its notification will be released on the first weak of July this year. In this blog, we will take you deep through the BPSC exam pattern and syllabus for each section. 

Also read: MPSC Syllabus

BPSC Exam Pattern 2021

Aspirants should know the examination pattern for BPSC in order to appear for the test. It is important to note that the BPSC test is being conducted in three successive stages, Preliminary, Mains as well as Interview. Let’s take a look at the BPSC exam pattern 2020:

Examination Stage Type of Examination Mode Max. MarksTotal Duration
PreliminaryObjectiveOffline Based150160 Minutes
MainsDescriptive Offline Based 900 (3 Papers of
300 marks each)
3 Hours for each Paper
Personal InterviewFace to faceOffline Based120

BPSC Exam Syllabus 

Certainly, keeping abreast with BPSC syllabus will help you go way ahead. Since BPSC exam pattern is divided into three main stages and detailed syllabus has been prescribed for Prelims and Mains exam. Glance through the level-wise BPSC syllabus in the following sections

For Preliminary

General ScienceGeography (mainly Geography of Bihar)
Events of national and
international importance
Indian Polity and Economy
History of Bihar and Indian HistoryChanges in the economy of Bihar post-independence
Indian National Movement and the Role of BiharGeneral Mental Ability.
Indian Political SystemPanchayati Raj
Community DevelopmentPlanning in India and Bihar

BPSC Mains Exam Pattern

Under the Mains level of the BPSC exam pattern, there are three papers, i.e General Hindi, General Studies (2 levels) and an optional subject. Take a look at the BPSC exam pattern for the Mains level below:

Name of ExamCombined Competitive Exam (Mains)
Examination Conducting BodyBihar Public Service Commission (BPSC)
No of Papers                Total of 4
General Hindi – Qualifying Paper
General Studies 1 (300 marks)
General Studies 2 (300 marks)Optional Subject (300 marks)
Duration3 hours
BPSC SyllabusGeneral Hindi (Secondary Level)
Essay – 30 marks
Grammar – 30 marks
Syntax – 25 marksPrecis/Summary – 15 marks

Now let’s take a look at the syllabus for these sections of the BPSC Mains exam pattern:

General Studies 1stGeneral Studies 2nd
Indian Culture
Modern History of India
(mid 19th century onwards)
Contemporary events of national
and international importance
Statistical Analysis, diagrams and graphs.
Important personalities –
Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and
Rabindranath Tagore
Western Education and Technical
Education in Bihar
Role of Bihar in the Indian National Movement
Santhal uprising
1857 war of independence
Champaran Satyagraha
Quit India Movement 1942
Mauryan and Pal Art
Patna Kalam Paintings
Analysis of graphical/diagrammatical/
statistical data
Indian (and Bihar) Polity
Indian (and Bihar) Economy
Indian (and Bihar) Geography
Role and impact of Science and
Technology in the development of India (and Bihar)

Note: The General Hindi syllabus for BPSC Mains exam can be explored in detail at the official website.

Optional Subjects

English Language and Literature
Urdu Language and LiteratureHindi Language and Literature
Persian Language and LiteratureArabic Language and Literature
Pali Language and Literature
Maithili Language and Literature
Bangla Language and LiteratureMaithili Language and Literature
Sanskrit Language and LiteratureChemistrySociology
Political Science and International RelationsPsychologyPublic Administration
Labour and Social WelfareManagementMathematics
Mechanical EngineeringGeographyGeology
HistoryLawCivil Engineering
EconomicsCommerce and AccountancyElectrical Engineering
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary ScienceAnthropology

Also read: SSC CGL Syllabus

Points to Remember 

Mentioned below are the important points to be remembered regarding the BPSC exam pattern. 

  • All candidates have to qualify and clear the General Hindi exam to get their General Awareness sheet checked by the Commission.
  • The General Studies questions are available both in Hindi and English.
  • The total 900 marks in GS Paper 1 and 2 and the optional paper will help in leading to the score. 
  • The candidates who get their names in the merit section will be called for the personal interview. 
  • There will be no negative marking in the descriptive question papers. 
  • All the papers need to be qualified by the candidates in order to be called for the personal interview. 
  • This round is qualifying and scoring in nature. 

Here is the list of popular resourceful books that you can add to the study materials to prepare for the BPSC exam pattern and syllabus.

Name of the bookAuthorLink
Indian Polity LaxmikanthBuy Here!
HistoryBipin ChandraBuy Here!
EconomyRamesh SinghBuy Here!
GeographyMajid HussainBuy Here!
India Yearbook
Publications Division
Government of India
Buy Here!
Ancient Indian HistoryRS SharmaBuy Here!
Medieval India HistorySatish ChandraBuy Here!
Art and CultureNitin SinghaniaBuy Here!
General KnowledgeLucentBuy Here!
Indian EconomyShanker GaneshBuy Here!

Check Out: IAS Books

BPSC Interview Test 

All candidates who clear the BPSC Mains Exam are then called for an interview. The interview is done by the board appointed by the Commission. The main fields upon which are the questions are based are mentioned below.

  • The Board will have before them the record of the candidate and the application form felled by him/ her. They will be reviewing the interests mentioned by the candidate. 
  • The personal suitability of the candidate is checked by the Board in the state services. The people comprising this board are unbiased and competent.
  • The personality test is also conducted to gauge if the candidate has knowledge about the current affairs outside and within the state. 
  • The main purpose of the interview is to explore the mental makeup and qualities as well as the analytical ability of the candidate. 


1. Where can I find the BPSC exam pattern and syllabus pdf?

The BPSC exam pattern along with the syllabus is given in this post of Leverage Edu.

2. How many vacancies are there?

There is a total of 533 vacancies. 

Thus, we hope through this comprehensive blog helped you explore the BPSC exam pattern and syllabus. If you are confused about which path aligns with your interests and aspirations, book an e-meeting with our experts at Leverage Edu and we will help you in making an informed decision to progress towards your dream career!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You May Also Like