In English grammar, there are three main types of verb tenses, i.e. Past, Present and Future. The past tense refers to something that has already happened, the present tense describes anything happening right now and the future tense focuses on things that have yet to happen. While these three tenses might seem like basic concepts one can easily understand, learning the intricacies of the different types of each tense is quite a complicated thing. Since tenses play an essential role in contributing to your writing skills as well as are often included under language proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL, PTE, etc., it becomes important to strengthen your basics of verb tenses. Through this blog, we bring a detailed guide on present indefinite tense or simple present tense, its uses as well as examples and practice exercises.
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Understanding Present Indefinite Tense
Tense refers to the time frame of the action taking place and is described by using the verb. Present Indefinite Tense can be defined as the action that is done in the present however there is no definite time limit given of it being accomplished. Present indefinite tense can also be used to express true events, near future, habit, nature, etc.
It is used as:
He/ she goes
He/ she does
The Sentence Structure goes like subject+ verb+ object
Let’s take a look at the different types of actions for which the Present Indefinite Tense is used:
- To describe a universal truth: The earth revolves around the sun; Man is Mortal; The sun rises in the east.
- For an action happening in the present: Boys play a football match; I read a book; She sings a song.
- For Activities of habitual nature and those with adverbs like always, never, seldom and rarely. For example, I never tell a lie; She always speaks the truth; My office starts at 11 am.
- For events scheduled in the near future: My school opens next week; The third semester begins next month.
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Present Indefinite Tense: Examples
To help you understand the use of Present Indefinite tense, we have listed some examples for different types of actions and the highlighted part in every sentence elucidates the use of Present Indefinite Tense:
- I know how to protest against injustice
- I do not like to quarrel
- She prefers coffee to tea
- You always shop in that market
- The poet writes romantic poems
- Do you love to listen to realistic songs?
- He goes to the library every day
- Do you like to watch cricket?
- They always play cricket in that field
- They love to play football
- I write articles on different topics
- We watch movies in this Cineplex
- I sing different kinds of songs, especially modern
- The lyricist writes realistic songs
- We come for shopping in this market
- I love to listen to melodious songs
- I am a peace-loving person
- I love my parents and my elder brother
- He reads various kinds of books
- He loves to travel around the world
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Present Indefinite Tense: Exercises
Now that you have ample knowledge about the present indefinite tense and its uses for different types of actions, you must practice thoroughly to learn its intricacies. Below we have provided some sample exercises for present indefinite tense which you can practice and let us know your answer in the comments below!
|It is 10 am and I just woke up. The first thing I am going to do is _____(knock/ knocked/knocking) on the door of my mother’s room. She always _______ (slept/sleeps/sleeping) till late. Today, she shouldn’t sleep so ____(much /so long) as some guests are _____(came/coming) for lunch.|
|I normally wake up at 8 am to _____ (watched/watch) the morning news show. After ____, (it /after that) I take a shower and ____(eat/have) breakfast. I don’t like _____ (eaten/eating) omelette for breakfast as I _____(know/ prefer/hinder) eating a sandwich with a glass of milk.|
|A tiny baby bird _____(sitting/sits/sat) on the ground. The baby ____(cry/cries/crying) out nervously. A squirrel is ____ (look/looks/looking) down at it from the branch of the tree. If a cat _____ (saw/sees/see) the bird, it might ____(kill/killing/kills) it.|
Thus, we hope that this blog has helped you gain a deeper insight into what present indefinite tense is and how it can be used correctly. Preparing for any language proficiency exam like IELTS or TOEFL? Book an online demo session with our LeverageEdu experts and we will help you in devising the right strategy as well as equipping you with the best study material to ace your exam with a higher score!