Parts of Speech

4 minute read
Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech: Universally, English is one of the simplest and most spoken languages. To understand the key elements of it, it is vital to study all the components about it in detail. Additionally, parts of speech are one crucial concept, getting a hold of which will help you apprehend the language in the best way possible. It is not only restricted to corporate communication, but the importance of the English language is also undeniable, especially in cracking competitive exams.

Moreover, the candidates who are willing to study abroad have to qualify for English proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL, etc with a good score. Here is a blog that aims to elucidate the concepts related to parts of speech with examples.

Parts of Speech Definition

As per the Oxford Learner’s Dictionary, Parts of speech are “one of the classes into which words are divided according to their grammar, such as noun, verb, adjective, etc.”

Cambridge Dictionary defines it as “One of the grammatical groups into which words are divided, such as noun, verb, and adjective”

Also Read: 55+ Phrases with Meaning to Boost Your Vocabulary

Types of Parts of Speech

Let us look at this table to understand each of the parts in detail. 

Parts of Speech Definition Example Usage
Nouns Name of a person, place, animal, thing Raj, Samuel, Happy Hospital, St. Marry School, Berry My cousin’s name is Palak. 

Naina’s father lives in New York.
Pronouns Pronouns are used to replace a noun He, She, It, They, Us, Them, Him, Her, We, Me, Mine, Yours, Himself, Herself, etc John is 10 years old. He studies in class 5th.

We are going to buy groceries from the market. 
AdjectivesAn Adjective modifies or
describes a noun or pronoun 
Pretty, Clever, Old, Young, Beautiful, Long, Healthy, etcThey went under the table the moment the earthquake struck. 

My house is between Tina and Tanya’s.
The dog is sleeping.
Verb A verb expresses an action or state
of being 
Run, Jump, Dance, Write, Happy, Anxious, Sing, Cry, Clap, etcShyam was running.

Riya was feeling happy after the race.
Adverb An Adverb is one of those parts
of speech which modifies or defines
a verb/adjective/ another adverb
Carefully, Extremely, Well, Gently, Quickly, Very, etcIt is too hot! Please don’t serve it to my uncle. 

The order from amazon arrived very late.
Preposition The primary objective of a Preposition
is to frame a phrase by modifying
another word in a sentence and this
is done by adding a word before
In, On, At, Over, Under, Above, Near, Since, Between, Upon, With, To, etcConjunctions join words, phrases or clauses 
Conjunction Conjunction join words, phrases or clauses And, But, Or, While, Because, So, After, Before, etcI was tired so I slept early.

He is angry because his friend cheated on him.
Interjection Another important component
of parts of speech, Interjections are those words which are
for expressing emotions and feelings 
Wow!, Oh!, Oops!, Oh my!  Oops! I accidentally dropped the glass.

We won the race,  hurray!

Also Read: Useful Idioms for IELTS Exams That Will Boost Your Score

Parts of Speech Practice Questions

Now that you have understood the basic concepts and how they can be used on a daily basis, here is a parts of speech exercise based on the above mentioned topics:

  1. The _____ cat chased the _____ mouse. (adjective, noun)
  2. The _____ dog barked _____ at the mailman. (adjective, adverb)
  3. The _____ bird flew _____ over the house. (adjective, adverb)
  4. The _____ student answered the question _____ . (adjective, correctly)
  5. The _____ teacher was _____ impressed with the student’s work. (adjective, very)


  1. fluffy, tiny
  2. big, loudly
  3. blue, high
  4. bright, correctly
  5. kind, very
More from IdiomsMore from SynonymsMore from Antonyms
Idioms to Express SadnessSynonyms of EphemeralAntonyms of Misogyny
Idioms to Express SurpriseSynonyms of WelcomeAntonyms of Brave
Idioms to Express FriendshipSynonyms of CryAntonyms of Selfish
Idioms to Express ExcitementSynonyms of HugeAntonyms of Victim
No Pain No Gain MeaningSynonyms of JovialAntonyms of Lazy


Which eight parts of speech are they?

The English language has eight parts of speech: conjunction, interjection, adjective, adverb, preposition, verb, and pronoun. The word’s function in meaning and grammaticality inside the sentence is indicated by its part of speech.

Why are parts of speech important?

Parts of speech are important because they help us to understand the meaning of sentences. They also help us to write and speak correctly.

What are some common mistakes people make with parts of speech?

Using adjectives instead of adverbs is one of the common mistakes people make with the parts of speech.

Thus, we hope that this blog on parts of speech along with practice questions has helped you understand the concept. If you want to seek career guidance and get started on your desired career path, reach out to our expert at Leverage Edu through e-meetings and get all your career-related queries resolved within minutes! 

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