Parts of Speech

4 minute read
Parts of Speech

Universally, English is one of the simplest and most spoken languages. To understand the key elements of it, it is vital to study all the components pertaining to it in detail. Parts of speech is one important concept, getting a hold of which will help you apprehend the language in the best way possible. Not only restricted to corporate communication, but the importance of the English language is also undeniable, especially in cracking competitive exams. Moreover, the candidates who are willing to study abroad have to qualify English proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL, etc with a good score. Here is a blog that aims to elucidate the concepts related to parts of speech with examples.

What are Parts of Speech? 

In the English language, there are 8 parts of speech namely, Noun, Verb, Pronoun, Adverb, Preposition, Adverb, Conjunction, Injunction. They indicate how a particular word can functions well grammatically as well as in the meaning in a given sentence. A word can act as more than one part of the speech under certain circumstances. Let us have a look at this table to understand each of the parts in detail. 

Parts of Speech  Definition  Example  Usage
Nouns  Name of a person, place, animal, thing  Raj, Samuel, Happy Hospital, St. Marry School, Berry  My cousin’s name is Palak. 

Naina’s father lives in New York.

Pronouns  Pronouns are used to replace a noun  He, She, It, They, Us, Them, Him, Her, We, Me, Mine, Yours, Himself, Herself, etc  John is 10 years old. He studies in class 5th.

We are going to buy groceries from the market. 

Adjectives An Adjective modifies or
describes a noun or pronoun 
Pretty, Clever, Old, Young, Beautiful, Long, Healthy, etc Look at that beautiful house! 

He is donating a huge amount of money for charity

Verb  A verb expresses an action or state
of being 
Run, Jump, Dance, Write, Happy, Anxious, Sing, Cry, Clap, etc Shyam was running.

Riya was feeling happy after the race.

Adverb  An Adverb is one of those parts
of speech which modifies or defines
a verb/adjective/ another adverb
Carefully, Extremely, Well, Gently, Quickly, Very, etc It is too hot! Please don’t serve it to my uncle. 

The order from amazon arrived very late.

Preposition  The primary objective of a Preposition
is to frame a phrase by modifying
another word in a sentence and this
is done by adding a word before
In, On, At, Over, Under, Above, Near, Since, Between, Upon, With, To, etc They went under the table the moment earthquake struck. 

My house is between Tina and Tanya’s.
The dog is sleeping.

Conjunction  Conjunction join words, phrases or clauses  And, But, Or, While, Because, So, After, Before, etc I was tired so I slept early.

He is angry because his friend cheated on him.

Interjection  Another important component
of parts of speech, Interjections are those words which are
for expressing emotions and feelings 
Wow!, Oh!, Oops!, Oh my!   Oops! I accidentally dropped the glass.

We won the race,  hurray!

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Practice Questions

Now that you have understood the basic concepts and how they can be used on a daily basis, here are some parts of speech exercises based on these topics.

The underlined word in the given sentences is one of the 9 parts of speech. You have to guess the correct answer for each of the following sentences. 

  • The weather was very hot yesterday.
  • We reached home late last night and slept immediately.
  • We left for trekking just after having breakfast.  
  • Rohit could not lift heavy dumbles at the gym.
  • Yesterday, my father went to the chemist to but some essential medicines.
  • The cat quickly drank the milk.
  • She can dance on almost every trending song.
  • Hurray! I am finally going on a trip to Bali with my friends!
  • Sanya is my classmate since 1st standard and is my best friend for the last 8 years.
  •  St. Columbus school has organised a picnic to Adventure Island.
  •  You should believe in yourself and have faith in the almighty.
  •  After the class, let’s go for lunch.
  •  We were going for a family picnic on Republic Day but it started to rain suddenly. 
  •  My mother bought me a pretty dress for my 16th birthday. 
  •  Geeta’s academic performance in 5th class was extremely poor.

Comment down below your answers for these parts of speech questions and we will announce the winner soon!

Thus, we hope that this blog on parts of speech along with practice questions has helped you understand the concept. If you want to seek career guidance and get started on your desired career path, reach out to our expert at Leverage Edu through e-meetings and get all your career-related queries resolved within minutes! 

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