Types of Waste Management

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Types of Waste Management

To put it simply, Waste Management is the collection, processing, treatment and recycling of waste (human waste and animals waste, including industrial waste). The process of Waste Management is constituted of a range of tasks which include: storage, transport, treatment and disposal of waste; monitoring, supervision and regulation of the development, processing, transit, treatment and disposal. Want to know about the different methods of waste disposal? Check out this blog to know the different types of waste management disposal methods in India.

Also Read: Career in Environmental Management

What is Waste Management?

“Waste control or waste disposal is all the behaviors and acts necessary to handle the waste from its inception to its final disposal. This involves, but is not limited to, storage, transport, management and recycling of waste along with control and enforcement. It also covers the legislative and regulatory system for waste control, including recycling guidelines, etc.”

Types of Waste Management

The most popular types of Waste Management are:

  • Recycling
  • Incineration
  • Landfill
  • Biological Reprocessing
  • Animal Feed

Let’s explore these different types of waste management methods with examples in further detail:

Recycling

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Recycling makes a huge difference in protecting the environment. Amongst the various types of waste management, recycling means that garbage is not disposed of in landfills or water sources by making usable litter components. Many entities/communities have made it easier to recycle goods by introducing labelling to show whether or not a material is recyclable.

The great thing about this waste management system is that it has economic and environmental advantages. It saves the government resources needed for waste projects, provides thousands of jobs, and will make a decent deal of money. Only bring recyclable waste to the closest recycling centre to get money from recycling.

Incineration

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This type of waste management includes the disposal of waste materials by means of burning. The thermal treatment is another name for this disposal method. You may incinerate on a commercial or human scale and dispose of a broad variety of waste materials. Most countries with limited land consider the incineration process. You may use the power produced by burning waste materials to produce heat, energy or steam. One of the drawbacks of this disposal process is that it can be a source of air pollution.

Landfill

Courtesy: Giphy

It is one of the most popular types of waste management systems in the world. It includes the collection, transportation, disposal and burying of waste in designated property. Many towns are planning deserted and barren areas to cope with waste. 

Authorities are committed to ensuring that the construction of each landfill is successful in terms of sanitation and economic land use. However, landfill sites are a significant cause of health and environmental problems that concern many communities. For instance, gas from these landfills is often incredibly dangerous. 

Also Read: Environmental Conservation

Biological Reprocessing

Chemical waste materials, such as kitchen waste and paper goods, can be reused after a procedure called biological reprocessing which is another popular system amongst the varied types of waste management. Multiple physiological systems, including recycling and biomass gasification, are used in biological reprocessing. Composing is a normal biological mechanism that is carried out under control conditions. One of the ends of the stock is natural gas, which is used to produce heat and electricity. Biological reprocessing is commonly used for the disposal of industrial waste.

Animal Feed

Food waste is a serious issue and needs serious consideration. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, between 30 and 40 percent of all food created by the United States is spent on food by retailers and customers. This is a major problem as the food value is estimated to be $161 billion. The nation is leading the world in terms of food waste, and the cause is self-explanatory. Food can be preserved by manure and livestock feed and this is also one of the ecological types of waste management methods.

Must Read: How to Become an Environmentalist?

We hope that this blog helped you know about types of waste management. As Waste Management is also related to Environmental Science, if you are looking for a course in environmental science and are uncertain about choosing the right one, sign up for a free 30-minute career coaching session with our experts at Leverage Edu and we can help you find the perfect mix of a programme and a university that will equip you with the skills and exposure you need to develop your career in this area.

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