Speech on Poverty

Speech on Poverty

ASL or assessment of speaking and listening is a long-time focus of CBSE for classes 9th onwards. Students are given various topics and can choose as per their wish to speak upon within a stipulated time duration. One of the most prominent speech topics is – Poverty. Tackling widespread poverty across the country is one of the most pressing issues for the Indian government. In this blog, we have curated one sample speech on poverty followed by its conditions, facts and measures to understand the deep-rooted problem of poverty in India and around the world.  

Sample Speech on Poverty ( 4 -5 minutes)

Good Morning everyone present here. My name is _________. My topic for the day is Speech on Poverty. It is a great honour for me to take this chance in helping us engage in a conversation about a subject that has been the source of many problems in the world. It is a problem that continues to affect a big part of the world population today. I want us to talk about poverty.

Poverty is a state of scarcity, the lack of material possessions to such an extent that people have difficulties in providing for their basic needs. It touches on many aspects of human life including economic, political, and social elements. The reason why I need us to look into this topic is that poverty has assumed a dynamic character, changing with patterns of consumption, progress in technology, as well as social behaviour. 

According to Robert McNamara, a former World Bank president, extreme poverty is limited by illiteracy, malnutrition, disease and high infant mortality rate, squalid conditions of living, and low life expectancy. Previously, people were described as living in absolute poverty if they survived on less than US$ 1 per day. This has been revised over the years and currently starts at less than US$ 1.25 per person per day. Those who live on less than 2 dollars per day are in moderate hardship. Measurement of relative poverty reflects the proportion of a population that earns less than a fixed proportion of median income in an economy. It is a better measure of poorness than an absolute one since it is not under the influence of exchange rates. 

To elaborate further on my speech on Poverty. We shall look at the other aspects of poverty and how poverty acts as a major deterrent in face of growth and progress.  

Speech on Poverty
Credits: NPR.org

Speech on Poverty: World Poverty Conditions 

 As you have already understood, what is poverty? It is hunger, lack of shelter, lack of not having access to school, lack of availing medical facilities, and whatnot! We shall now discuss what are its effects on children and women according to UNICEF. 

  • Effects on Children – According to UNICEF, around 22000 children die each day due to poverty. There are 1.9 billion children in developing countries in the world and India is one of them. Out of this, 640 million are without proper shelter, 400 million are not able to access safe water, 270 million are living without medical facilities. It’s a worldwide situation and is increasing at a fast pace. 
  • Effects on Women – Accordingly, 70% of females are poor worldwide. Out of which, 5 lac women die each day due to natural childbirth excluding developing nations and 4 million females are sold under prostitution. 

Speech on Poverty: Poverty In India

India comes under the developing world. Despite the growth and development of the Indian economy during the last couple of years, poverty is parallel & increasing in absolute terms. 27% of the population of India comes under the poverty line and the rest that is 75% lives in rural areas. 

Rural Areas – Poverty is prevalent amongst Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the country’s rural areas. India has 50% of the population as scheduled tribes and the rest are scheduled castes and below. Our country’s poorer parts lie in the states like Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal & Uttar Pradesh. There are also shortages of proper sanitation and education as well in these areas. 

What causes Rural Poverty?  

  • India’s rapidly growing population. 
  • Lack of Capital in the nation.
  • Lack of Literacy.
  • Large Families and no alternate employment opportunities other than agriculture

Urban Areas – The slum population is increasing in the urban parts. They are deprived of many such amenities like low-cost water supply, improper sanitation, bad sewage and drainage system, etc. 

What Causes Urban Poverty?

  • Migration of rural people to cities.
  • Powerlessness
  • Lack of Housing Facilities 
YouTube: CNA Insider

Speech on Poverty: Role of NGOs

Let’s talk about NGOs. What are NGOs doing in terms of addressing this enduring problem? What right approaches are being applied by the NGOs? 

  • They are helping the poor by providing various public services like public washroom access.
  • They mobilize the services recommended by the government so that it becomes easier. 

There is a line of approaches like this, NGO’s have developed various strategies to influence the process & control public policy making. 

What can we do?

What measures can we take in order to minimize poverty? How can we eliminate it from our end? We shall:

  • Increase employment and the idea behind it
  • Ensuring financial services 
  • Treating everybody equally and recognizing their talent is what they can bring out of it.
  • Recognizing social entrepreneurs as our reliable people for creating a world of peace, harmony, and progress.
  • Widening the concept of Globalization.

Also Read: What is Volunteering?

How to Conclude?

Amidst the pandemic, the situation of the economy is getting worse. It is shameful that India still shows one of the highest population growth and has large-scale poverty in India. Poverty arises from the population and ends at a lack of getting basic amenities. It can be defined as a situation where certain sections of people are unable to fulfill their basic needs. It is the duty of the government along with citizens to try their best to alleviate poverty to establish peace, harmony, and balance on our very nature, planet earth.  

Related ASL Speeches

With this, we come to end with our speech on Poverty. For more such speeches please visit and follow Leverage Edu and you can check out other study blogs as well. Stay connected with us on Facebook, Youtube, Instagram and don’t forget to leave your feedback below.

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