How to Convert SGPA to CGPA


Marks calculation is an important aspect of college and school life. Although there are numerous methods of carrying out the same task, the most used method of score calculation is the GPA method. The one aspect of this method that appears a little confusing but is a perfectly simple concept is the conversion from SGPA to CGPA. Even though both the concepts of SGPA and CGPA serve a similar purpose, they differ from each other and are calculated separately and through different methods. Before we move on to how to convert SGPA to CGPA, let us understand individually what the terms SGPA and CGPA mean. 

Related Read: How to Convert CGPA to Marks?

Convert SGPA to CGPA – Calculator

What is SGPA? 

Before delving into the discussion of SGPA and CGPA, let’s first understand what these two mean. To begin with, the marks we score in our schools or colleges can be calculated in different ways. One of these ways includes SGPA. SGPA is the abbreviated form of Sessional Grade Point Average/Semester End Grade Point Average. It is the grade point average that is calculated at the end of an academic session like a year at school or a semester at college. First, adding the grade points of all the subjects in an academic year or session are collected together and then their average is calculated which is referred to as the SGPA for that particular year or session.

What is CGPA?

Another prominent method of calculation of the marks we score in our colleges or schools is through CGPA. Simply put, CGPA is the abbreviated form of Cumulative Grade Point Average and depicts the total marks we score in a complete academic term or a certain time period like the 1st year or 3rd year of college. The total marks that we score in all the sessions of a college term or both half yearly examination in school, is taken together to calculate the CGPA scored in that academic term.

The central difference between sessional grade point average and cumulative grade point average is that we calculate CGPA at the end of the academic year with many SGPAs of different semesters or sessions.

Also Read: How to Calculate CGPA in Engineering

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Understanding SGPA to CGPA Conversion

According to the definitions we have established of SGPA and CGPA, CGPA can be termed as the collective SGPAs calculated at the end of an academic year. In order to calculate your CGPA, you need to first find the average score of all subjects in each of the semesters, i.e. SGPA. Then, add all the SGPAs of all the semesters and divide the total by the number of semesters or sessions to find your CGPA for the academic year.

CGPA= (SGPAs of All semesters in an academic year)/ Number of semesters

For example:
If a student scored 8 and 7 SGPA in their two semesters, their CGPA would be:

CGPA of 1 college academic term = ( SGPA of semester 1+ SGPA of semester 2)/ 2
= (8+7)/2
= 15/2= 7.5 CGPA

SGPA to CGPA to Percentage

There are many instances when institutes release scores in the form of CGPA but when applying for universities abroad there is a need for those scores in percentage. This is why we have presented the method to calculate your percentage from your CGPA. The formula is quite easy, we first convert SGPA to CGPA and take the total CGPA and multiply it by 9.5 to come to a percentage. For better understanding have a look at the table below: 


You can convert your CGPA to Percentage through our online calculator as well. Click Here!

Therefore, do not confuse your SGPA or CGPA to being equivalent to your overall percentage. Though in some schools and colleges, the CGPA or percentages are given a corresponding grade letter. For example, 


So on and so forth. 

Check Out: Percentage to GPA

The calculation of our academic performance through SGPA to CGPA is an easy process and helps in maintaining a healthy competition among students where the focus is more on learning than trying to score the highest. There is still a lot of competition when applying for universities abroad and you don’t need to be stressed about this because our experts at Leverage Edu are here to help you realize your maximum potential to bridge the gap between you and your dream college.

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