While applying for undergraduate or graduate programs (in some cases) abroad, students often get confused when it comes to understanding the difference between GPA and CGPA. The major reason for this is that in India, the percentage system is used prominently for calculating grades. Even though converting percentage to GPA remains quite a bewildering process, evaluating the academic performance of a student through the CGPA method has gained popularity in the current education system of India. So, in this blog, we have collated all the information needed to convert percentage to GPA out of 10 easily!
This Blog Includes:
Different Grading Scales
Before moving to the calculation of percentage to GPA out of 10, first take a look at the different grading systems given in the following table:
Understanding GPA & Its Calculation
GPA or the Grade Point Average is an internationally recognized method for calculating one’s academic marks. In simple terms, it is the aggregated or average score of grades cumulated during the duration of the course or over a stipulated period. The GPA system allows you to read your personal results and analyze them in comparison to other’s results. It also helps the person assessing your applications to reflect on your academic potential. It is generally calculated by dividing the average grade of a student with the total credit hours that have attended during the stipulated time period.
GPA & Indian Grading System
As compared to the GPA grading system used in the US and various other countries around the globe, the grading system in India corresponds to two main approaches, i.e. percentage system or a 10-point GPA method. It is important to understand these two methods in order to familiarise yourself with how to convert percentage to GPA out of 10.
When it comes to the percentage method, the marks during a specified duration are converted into percentage and then classified into four divisions of ranks, i.e.
75% – Distinction
60-75% – 1st Division
50-60% – 2nd Division
40-50% – 3rd Division
On the other hand, in GPA out of 10 scales, letter grades are associated with points. For example, 9 as a grade point will have an “A” as the grade. Further, this system is quite akin to the international GPA method which is on the 4.0 scale instead. For instance, scoring 95% would get you an A which means 4.0, 85% would be equal to B, i.e. 3.0 with C as 2.0 and a D is equal to 1.0.
How to Convert Percentage to GPA?
In the USA education system, the students get rated either out of a 0-4.00 grade point or follow the 10-point GPA, even certain universities in Europe follow the 10-point GPA. While different institutions might have different ways to convert percentage to GPA out of 10, the one most widely accepted is multiplying or dividing your scores 9.5 to convert it to a percentage or GPA respectively.
Converting Percentage to GPA- 4.0 Scale
In the US grading approach, the 4.0 GPA scale is used which means that if compared to the Indian grading system of percentage which is 100, i.e. 100 points, 25 points come equivalent to 1 point in US GPA. So, the formula for converting Percentage to GPA on a 4.0 scale is to simply divide your percentage by 100 and then multiply it to 4.
Suppose that you scored 70% as an aggregate score in your graduation. Making your application for a US institution, you will be asked to put your graduation scores in GPA, which you can calculate by dividing 70% by 100 and then multiplying it by 4, i.e. 2.8 GPA.
Converting Percentage to GPA Out of 10
There are many other countries that use a 10-point GPA system and it is also popularly used in Indian universities as well. In order to convert percentage to GPA out of 10, you can simply multiply your percentage by 9.5.
Say you secured 85% in your examinations. Now while applying to a university in the US, your application form might ask you to provide your academic score in the form of GPA. So, when you convert percentage to GPA out of 10, the person assessing your application form is able to compare your score with that of the students who have graduated from schools in the USA or other parts of the world. To convert this percentage to a 10 GPA, you just need to divide your percentage that is 85% by 9.5,
85/9.5 = 8.9
GPA Out of 10 Scale Explained
The GPA scale ranges from 0-10, where a 0 means failure in the examination, and a 10 stands for academic excellence. The scale is explained below which will help you analyze your performance
|9 – 10||Excellent|
|7.5 – 8.99||Good|
|6 – 7.49||Average|
|5 – 5.99||Needs Improvement|
|0 – 4.99||Fail|
Now that you have a better understanding of how to convert percentage to GPA out of 10, you can apply this simple formula without being hesitant and worried about losing your chances of being admitted to the college of your dreams.
On a 4.0 scale, 70% will equal to (70/100)*4= 2.8.
On a 10 scale, converting 70% to GPA would be 70/9.5= 7.36
On a 4.0 GPA scale, a 4.0 is for an A or A+ followed by 3.0 which is B, 2.0=C as well as 1.0=D. If there is a plus after your grade, it means an additional one-third of a point (A- as 3.7) and if there is a minus then there is a subtraction of one-third of a point (B+ as 3.3).
There are two main scales that are commonly used to convert percentage to GPA, on a 4.0 scale, or on a 10.0 scale. 4.0 scale is used in the US while a 10 GPA scale is used in India. In order to convert percentage to GPA on a 4.0 scale, you need to divide your percentage by 100 and then multiply the resultant by 4 and you will get your GPA. Thus, the formula to convert percentage to GPA on a 4 scale is:
GPA on 4.0 scale= (Percentage/100)*4
To convert your percentage to GPA on a 10.0 scale, you can simply divide your percentage by 9.5, i.e.
GPA on 10.0 scale= Percentage/9.5
There are only general methods to calculate and convert percentage to GPA that we have elucidated above but usually universities have their own calculator for international students to find their actual GPA as per the university guidelines. Students are advised to check with the university website to know their actual scores.
From knowing how to convert percentage to GPA out of 10 to understand the visa process, we recognize that the process of admission can be extremely stressful and make you feel uncertain about everything. If you feel find yourself stuck at any step of your chosen program’s application process, reach out to our mentors and counsellors at Leverage Edu and we will guide you through the admission process thus making sure that you find your way into the campus of your dream college.