Python vs Java

6 minute read
Python vs JAVA

Programming languages play a vital role in formulating algorithms and instructing a set of commands to create a software program. While studying computer programming, it is essential to be familiar with the different types of programming languages and the key factors which set them apart from each other. Python and Java are amongst the popular programming languages used for creating computer software and for web development as well. If you aim to study these two computer programming languages, it is important to know about their key features and components. This blog brings you a detailed comparison between Python vs Java, their differences, applications, and much more.

What is Python?

Commonly, Python can be defined as a dynamically-typed programming language for general purposes. The main motive behind the creation of python was to abridge the gap between C and the shell. The development of python initially began at a research institute in New Zealand. The Python syntax was also meant to be easy to read. 

When to Use Python

Python has several libraries that make it easy for a new programmer to learn. You can jump into machine learning, create charts, or CLI, python is great for you. There is very little in Python to learn from scratch. All you need is a set of proper instructions. Hence, you can use python by:

  • New programmers
  • Sharing codes with others
  • Getting ideas down fast

What is Java? 

Java is referred to as a statically typed programming language that we can use for general purposes. When it comes to Python vs Java, the latter is object-oriented and concurrent as a programming language. At the time when java was designed, it was created as a language that would work on all the platforms without any discrepancies along with the assistance of Java Virtual Machine (JVM). 

When to Use Java

Java uses Java Virtual Machine(JVM) to interpret compiled code. It acts as its own interpreter and error detector. Programming in Java is also easy as there are multiple libraries created that make it easy for finding already written for a specific use. 

Differences Between Python vs Java

Both Python and Java are used widely by software programmers and IT engineers. But both the languages are extensively different from each other. Mentioned below are some major differences between Python vs Java. 

Python vs Java
Python vs Java

Difference 1: Analysis

When it comes to the analysis of a language, semantics is the major factor to consider. We can assess the implementations of both these languages and then compare their speed. When it comes to the performance of Python vs Java, we have to evaluate the execution speed along with the third-party libraries as well. As java is a compiled language, it is faster in terms of the speed of execution. On the other hand, Python is slightly slower because it is an interpreted language.

Difference 2: Syntax 

The next determining factor for the difference between Python vs Java is the syntax used in them. As aforementioned, Python is a dynamically-typed language which means that you need not state the value of variable types. While using Python, there isn’t any need for brackets as well as indentation rules which makes the syntax of python comparatively easier and similar to the English language. 

On the other hand, Java needs the programmer to strictly follow the syntax rules. As a statically typed language, you have to specially declare the exact variable types unless the code will not run in Java. For those who are new to the world of programming, Java might seem a difficult one but with continuous practice, you will ultimately find your way out.  

Python vs Java
Source: Google

Difference 3: Machine Learning 

If you aim to study Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, you will have to learn Python as well as Java. When it comes to choosing between Python vs Java for machine learning, the former is often a common choice because of its syntactical easiness. Since Python is an easier language, the complex codes required can be easily drafted. But Java is also commonly used when it comes to AI and machine learning. It is essentially needed for the development of various applications as you can easily debug using it. 

Difference 4: Performance

Both Java and Python are run by compiling the bytecode and running them on virtual machines. Hence, both languages are cross-platform with no operating system difference.

Java is characterized by the static-typing syntax that makes compilation much easier and faster than dynamic-typed syntax. 

For python, the code is processed during the compile-time and because of the dynamic-typed syntax, the code is not as agile. 

Difference 5: Game Development Engines

C, C# has led in PC game development, both Java and Python have not been able to compete directly with the language. However, Python has been increasingly used for game development and is becoming a choice as a popular scripting language.

Difference 6: Language Development and Users

Both languages have an active user base around the world. Python has a user base that organizes group meets like PyLadies. The language has a community base of more than 1600 covering 37 countries. Here are some of the programs for which Python suits the best:

  • Machine Learning Apps
  • Image processing and graphic designing
  • Prototyping
  • Operating Systems
  • Games
  • Language development

While for Java, there are multiple Java User Groups across the world and high-profile events like JavaOne. Here are some of the programs for which Java is best suited:

  • Desktop GUI Apps
  • Mobile Applications
  • Enterprise Solutions and Embedded Systems
  • Middleware Products

Jobs and Salary

There doesn’t appear to be any objective difference or salary comparison between Python and Java jobs. Both are quite popular, so if you have a good understanding of one, you can start your career as a software developer or intern. The availability of jobs or salary should not be your justification for selecting a programming language; instead, go with the one that you can relate to the best.

How to Learn both Java and Python

While both languages have their own user base and are suitable for certain requirements, it does not necessarily mean that you can only learn one of these languages. By learning multiple languages, you can reinforce the understanding of programming languages altogether. 

Since Python is comparatively easier than Java, you can start with Python and then pick up Java on the way.

Computer Programming Courses and Universities 

With a wide range of career opportunities available in the IT industry, scores of students are aiming to study computer science to build a thriving career in this field. Here are some of the popular courses and universities offered in Python, Java, and Computer Science and Programming:

Python vs Java: Courses Python vs Java: Top Universities
MSc in Language Technologies
Certificate Course in Programming
Associate in Arts Degree in Computer Programming Fundamentals
Graduate Certificate in Computer Programming
BSc Computer Games Programming
Post Graduate Diploma in Information Sciences
Advanced Diploma in Computer Programming Analyst
Diploma in Computer Programming
MBA in Computer Science
Harvard University
University of Derby
Massey University
Heriot-Watt University
Niagara College
Canadore College
Strayer University
Southwestern College
University of Teesside


Which is better Python or Java?

The language used is determined by the type of application a programmer wishes to design. Analyze your program’s requirements, choose a language, and stick with it. Python may be a suitable choice if you are a raw-handed programmer. However, if you also wish to study the Java programming language, you should have a fundamental understanding of object-oriented programming in C++. The Python programming language has a bright future. As a result, you should begin learning Python. It’s a simple and enjoyable programming language.

Should I learn Python or Java first?

One of the main reasons most beginners start with Python is because of its simpler syntax, which makes it easier to learn.

Which pays more Java or Python?

Python developers in the United States earn an average of $120,000 a year, while Java developers earn the same. The only advantage here is that globally Python engineers earn $59k per year on average, compared to $50k for Java developers.

Is Python easier than Java?

Experimentation takes precedence over production code. Python is a dynamically typed and interpreted language, whereas Java is statically typed and compiled. Java is faster at runtime and easier to debug because of this one difference, while Python is easier to use and read.

Hence, we hope that this blog has helped you understand the major differences between Python vs Java. Aspiring to study computer programming? Get in touch with our Leverage Edu experts and we will assist you in selecting an ideal course and university which can equip you with the right knowledge, skills, and exposure to build a promising career in this field! Sign up for an e-meeting today.

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  1. java is very popular language pertaining to its amazing feature,this class very useful for me,its gives clear idea,spring framework and unit testing content very useful and understanding easly,already i searched another website very useful and goodway explanation that website