MCA: Master of Computer Applications

7 minute read

In a world where technology has become an inseparable part of our lives, the field of computer applications has gained immense popularity. Any business relies, directly or indirectly, on specialists who are adept at the advancement of computers and hence constitute the key asset for their growth and progress. Pursuing a career in Computer Applications has thus become one of the popular high salary courses after 12th Science. Amongst an array of degree or short-term programs like Diploma in Computer Science, BSc Computer Science, Computer Science engineering, etc, BCA(Bachelor of Computer Applications) is the most sought-after degree program. 

Full-FormMaster of Computer Application
Duration2-3 Years
EligibilityBachelors Degree with 50%
Average FeesINR 15,00,000- 25,00,000
Job ProfilesProject Manager, Software Engineer, Frontend Developers, Backend Developers
Admission ProcessMerit- Entrance Based
Average Salary6,00,000- 9,00,000 p.a.

Even if the curriculum establishes a solid foundation in the field, pursuing a postgraduate course offers additional expertise and skills needed to develop a good career in this field, and one such degree is the MCA or Master in Computer Applications. In this blog, we will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the course, its scope, significance in modern times and the relevant institutions providing the course.

Also Read: Top MCA Colleges

What is MCA?

Masters of Computer Applications is a 3-year course that makes a learner accustomed to abundant information pertaining to computer applications, software, and hardware-related issues. Through the program, the graduate is made well-versed in mathematical understanding, software development and designing, programming languages(like C++, Java, etc), internet applications, web designing(HTML, CSS, PHP, etc.), hardware technology, troubleshooting, etc. Even though the MCA course is specific to India, one can try its counterpart, MS Computer Science is intended to study abroad. Master in Computer Applications, apart from providing theoretical knowledge, also gives the students an opportunity to acquire practical training through internships and seminars.

Why Pursue MCA?

Pursuing an MCA (Master of Computer Applications) degree provides a dynamic path to expanding one’s technical knowledge, developing problem-solving abilities, and acquiring hands-on experience in various facets of computer science. MCA alumni emerge as adaptable professionals well-equipped to flourish in the ever-changing digital field, thanks to a rigorous curriculum that includes programming, software development, databases, and more. The program’s combination of theory and practise, as well as possibilities for specialisation and industry interaction, prepares graduates for satisfying employment in software engineering, data analysis, cybersecurity, and other fields. MCA opens doors to opportunities for innovation, leadership, and a world of possibilities at the cutting edge of technological growth.

MCA Specializations

Students can study a subject from a list of specializations while pursuing MCA as per their interest. The primary objective of providing such subjects is to give students a platform to gain an in-depth understanding of that course. Listed below are some of the electives offered: 

  • VLSI Design
  • System Management 
  • Big Data Management
  • System engineering
  • Multimedia System
  • Cloud Computing
  • Networking
  • Internet applications

Note: These electives are offered in the MCA offered by JNU. The specialization courses can vary from one university to another. It is thus advised to go through the website of the universities/institutes to get an overview. 

Top Universities for MCA Abroad

Some universities specifically those in the USA require GRE scores to grant admission. Tabulated below are some universities offering MCA equivalent courses:

  1. University of Wisconsin-Madison
  2. University of Mannheim
  3. Stanford University
  4. Harvard University
  5. University of Waterloo
  6. University of New Haven
  7. University of Alberta
  8. University of Melbourne
  9. University of North Texas
  10. Manchester University

Also Read: MCA Entrance Exams

Top 10 Colleges in India For MCA

In order to make your mark and opt for leading international universities in India, the candidate must possess a bachelor’s degree in any area from a recognised board or university. In addition, one must have Mathematics as the central subject at the 10+2 level. Some of the universities offering MCA courses are listed below:

  1. National Institute of Technology (NIT Warangal), Warangal
  2. Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai, VIT University
  3. Amity University, Patna
  4. Pondicherry University, Pondicherry
  5. Coimbatore Institute of Technology (CIT), Coimbatore
  6. College of Engineering Guindy, Anna University, Chennai
  7. BITS, Mesra
  8. Christ University, Bangalore
  9. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
  10. NIT, Tiruchirappalli and Rourkela

Admissions to the MCA course shall be issued on the basis of all India-based standardized tests. Many of India’s top colleges and universities give admission on the premise of a merit list prepared according to the marks earned in the entrance exam. Generally speaking, the entrance test is based on mathematics and rationale. There is a different examination pattern for each entrance test. Some MCA entrance examinations are listed here:

  • NIMCET (National Institute of Technology Common Entrance Test)
  • MAH MCA CET (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test)
  • VITMEE (Vellore Institute of Technology MCA Entrance Exam)
  • TS ICET (Telangana State Integrated Common Entrance Test)
  • AP ICET (Andhra Pradesh Integrated Common Entrance Test)
  • IIST (Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology)

Also Read: Best MCA Colleges in India


Are you interested in pursuing MCA from top-ranked universities? Here is the entry requirement every applicant has to meet before applying for the course:

  1. Cleared class 12 with 50%
  2. BCA degree with minimum 50%
  3. 2-3 letters of recommendation 
  4. TOEFL/IELTS scores
  5. Work experience if required
  6. Resume
  7. Statement of Purpose
  8. CV


Every university has different subjects which also differ based on the specialization you choose. Here is the list of some common subjects of MCA:

  1. Fundamentals of IT
  2. Java
  3. Data Communications
  4. Linux
  5. Data Mining
  6. Discrete Mathematics
  7. Data Structures
  8. DBMS Lab

Also Read: MCA Syllabus

Job Profiles & Salary

Computer Science and Applications is an ever-evolving field and thus the demand for professionals adept with various techniques is in demand. Due to this, the job prospects for MCA graduates are innumerable and are available in both the public and private sectors. We will come to know about various job profiles in the below-given information:

After completing a Master of Computer Applications (MCA) degree, you can pursue various job profiles in the field of information technology and computer applications. The specific job opportunities available to you will depend on your skills, interests, and specialization within the MCA program. Below are some common job profiles and their potential salary ranges:

  • Software Developer/Engineer: As a software developer or engineer, you will be involved in designing, coding, testing, and maintaining software applications and systems. Salary ranges can vary based on experience and location, but entry-level positions may offer salaries starting from $50,000 to $80,000 per year, with the potential for higher earnings as you gain more experience.
  • Web Developer: Web developers work on designing and developing websites and web applications. The salary for web developers is similar to that of software developers, with starting salaries around $50,000 to $80,000 per year.
  • Mobile App Developer: Mobile app developers specialize in creating applications for smartphones and tablets. Salaries for mobile app developers can also start around $50,000 to $80,000 per year and can increase with experience.
  • Database Administrator (DBA): DBAs are responsible for managing and maintaining databases, ensuring data security, and optimizing database performance. The salary for DBAs can range from $60,000 to $100,000 or more annually, depending on experience and the organization’s size.
  • System Administrator: System administrators are in charge of managing and maintaining an organization’s IT infrastructure, including servers, networks, and hardware. Salaries for system administrators can start at around $60,000 to $80,000 per year and increase with experience and additional certifications.
  • Network Administrator: Network administrators focus on managing and maintaining an organization’s network infrastructure. Salaries for network administrators are similar to system administrators, starting at around $60,000 to $80,000 per year.
  • Data Analyst/Scientist: Data analysts and data scientists are involved in analyzing and interpreting data to provide insights and support decision-making. Salaries for these roles can start at around $60,000 to $90,000 per year or more, depending on the complexity of the role and the industry.
  • IT Consultant: IT consultants work with clients to provide expert advice on various IT-related matters, such as system implementation, process improvement, and technology strategy. Salaries for IT consultants can vary widely based on the consulting firm and your level of expertise, ranging from $70,000 to $120,000 or more per year.


What is MCA?

MCA stands for Master of Computer Applications. It is a postgraduate degree program in the field of computer science and information technology. MCA covers various topics related to software development, programming languages, database management, networking, and other advanced computing subjects. The program typically spans over two to three years, and it equips students with the necessary skills to pursue a career in the IT industry.

What are the eligibility criteria for MCA?

The eligibility criteria for MCA may vary between universities or institutions, but generally, the following requirements are common: A bachelor’s degree in any discipline from a recognized university with mathematics as a subject in either 10+2 or at the undergraduate level.
Some institutions may have specific entrance exams for MCA admission, while others may consider scores from national-level entrance exams like NIMCET, MAH MCA CET, or others.

What career opportunities are available after completing MCA?

After completing MCA, graduates can explore a wide range of career opportunities in the IT industry. Some common job profiles include:
Software Developer/Engineer
Web Developer
Mobile App Developer
Database Administrator (DBA)
System Administrator
Network Administrator
Data Analyst/Scientist
IT Consultant
Additionally, MCA graduates can also pursue higher studies, research, or teaching roles in the field of computer applications and technology.
Remember that the specific career path and opportunities will depend on your interests, specialization, and the skills you acquire during the MCA program. Continuous learning, certifications, and practical experience can further enhance your job prospects in the competitive IT sector.

As a result, pursuing an MCA course will unlock the gates to a variety of career opportunities. If you are planning to take a related course abroad but are unsure about the relevant colleges and education programs, then don’t worry! Enjoy the benefits of Leverage Edu‘s AI-enabled tool to curate a list of institutes as well as subjects that suit your interests and skills.

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