75th Republic Day of India 2024: History, Theme, Significance 

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75th Republic Day of India 2024

Every year, India will celebrate its 75th Republic Day on 26 January. This day marks the date when India adopted its constitution and transitioned to a republic country from a dominion on January 26, 1950. On this day, people across India celebrate this day enthusiastically by becoming viewers of a magnificent military and cultural pageantry. Moreover, the day also allows citizens to honor the unimaginable sacrifices and acts of bravery committed by the Indian Armed Forces to protect the country. 

Name of the event Republic Day
Observed on 26 January 
Theme 2024Viksit Bharat (Developed India)
Bharat: Loktantra ki Matrika (India: the Mother of Democracy)
Aim To celebrate 75 years of India as a republic country and remember brave soldiers of the Indian army who lost their lives protecting the country and its citizens. 

Also Read: Republic Day 2024: Top 35 Quotes, Wishes and Messages

History of Republic Day

26 January is among the three most important national days in India. Here are a few details about its history: 

  • Although India achieved independence from British rule on August 15, 1947, the country remained governed primarily by the colonial Government of India Act of 1935 for the first three years. 
  • Upon the declaration of independence, a constituent assembly elected by the prominent provincial assemblies started drafting the constitution of India. 
  • The constitution of India took more than two years to complete and finalize. 
  • The then leaders of the country considered it appropriate to choose January 26 as the official date as it coincided with Purna Swaraj’s declaration of independence by the Indian National Congress in 1930. 
  • With the ultimate adoption of the 1950 constitution, the country finally came to be known as the Republic of India. 

Which Republic Day is Celebrated in 2024?

In 2024, India will celebrate its 75th Republic Day. It is an important day for India as it celebrates the day when the Constitution of India came into effect in 1950. Thus, India was finally established as a sovereign, democratic, and republican nation.

Republic Day of India
Source: Wikipedia

Also Read: Indian Army Day 2024: Theme, History, Significance, and Quotes

What is the Theme of Republic Day 2024?

The theme of the 75th Republic Day which will happen in 2024 is India – Mother of Democracy (Bharat: Loktantra ki Matrika) and Viksit Bharat (Developed India). The theme highlights the true nature of India as the world’s largest democracy and the unwavering commitment to becoming a developed nation.

How do we Celebrate the Republic Day in India? 

Republic Day in India is celebrated with great pomp in different ways such as: 

  • On 26 January, the center of focus is the grand parade that takes place in the capital of New Delhi.
  • Armed forces personnel march along the Kartavya path in a magnificent manner.
  • The grand parade begins from Raisina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s House), past India Gate, and continues onto the historic Red Fort.
  • The parade is preceded by the prime minister of India laying a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti which is an arched war memorial. 
  • Interestingly, the parade reflects the diversity of India and its rich cultural heritage by constructing a fascinating tableau.
  • Although schools, colleges, and offices remain closed on 26 January, numerous cultural events and functions are held a few days before this special day.

Also Read: Why We Celebrate Republic Day? History Behind the Celebration on 26 January

Which Award is Presented during the Republic Day Parade?

On the special day, soldiers who perform outstanding actions of bravery and selfless service are awarded different bravery medals. Similarly, young children are honored with Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar. Here are the awards of Republic Day:

  • Jeevan Raksha Padak Awards
  • Padma Awards
  • Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar
  • Police Medal for Meritorious Service
  • Police Medal for Gallantry
  • President’s Police Medal for Distinguished Service
  • Jeevan Raksha Padak Awards
  • Force Wise/State Wise Medal Awardees
  • President’s Fire Service, Home Guards & Civil Defence Medal for Gallantry
Republic day 2024
Source: NDTV 

Also Read: Lohri Festival 2024: Date, History, Significance, and Rituals

Who Takes the Military Salute during the Parade on the Republic Day?

The President of India takes the military salute during the Republic Day parade. The President is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces and thus, responsible for the defense of the country. 

What is the Significance of the Republic Day? 

The Republic Day of India holds great significance for the people of the country for a plethora of reasons. It is celebrated with a deep sense of pride and patriotism. 

  • It pays tribute to and honours the day when the Constitution of India came into force in the year 1950.
  • People across the nation pay their respects and tributes to thousands of brave soldiers who lost their lives while protecting the country from external and internal threats.  
  • The day marks the transition of India from a British dominion into a sovereign republic state. 
  • The Republic Day of India is also a symbol of national unity and integrity.
  • It offers citizens an opportunity to feel proud of the progress made by the country over these years and to renew their commitment to the ideals of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity.
Source: The Times of India

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Is this the 75th Republic Day?

On 26 January 2024, India will celebrate its 75th Republic Day, commemorating the adoption of its constitution in 1950.  

When did India get a republic?

India became a Republic on January 26, 1950. Although India became a free nation on August 15, 1947, it was only in 1950 that the country declared itself a sovereign, democratic, and republic state.

Why 26 January is celebrated as Republic Day?

26 January is celebrated as the Republic Day of India because this was the day when it adopted the Constitution in 1950. It replaced the prevailing Government of India Act 1935 as the sole governing document of India. Moreover, it also changed the status of India into a free state from a dominion under British rule.

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