Scope of Electrical Engineering

8 minute read

Electrical engineering has been one of the most popular degrees in India and abroad for many years. As India’s economy grows, new opportunities emerge every day. Electrical Engineering is a well-known degree in this discipline, focusing on the study and use of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetics in the design and maintenance of electrical and electronic equipment. Computer hardware, large power plants, industrial machinery, electrical motors, and computer chips are among the industries in which they function. Keep reading the blog to know more about the scope of electrical engineering, benefits, and more!

What is Electrical Engineering?

Electrical engineering has a significant impact on our daily lives and is responsible for many of the technological advancements we have today. Electrical engineering is largely concerned with the study and development of devices and equipment that employ electricity, electromagnetics, and electronics.

It required a team of electrical experts to make it possible for you to turn on a light switch in your home or check the time on your smartphone. Simple things we take for granted, like being able to turn on a light when it’s dark, are the consequence of hundreds of years of meticulous engineering. Electrical engineering is a relatively new academic discipline of study. However, in its brief existence, it has become an indispensable field in supplying us with the conveniences we use every day.

Benefits of Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering remains the top choice for aspiring students among all engineering options for a variety of reasons. For students, this fundamental field gives up a plethora of employment choices in a variety of industries that will never go away. Electrical graduates are preferred by employers due to their enhanced mathematical skills developed during the degree. Although the advantages of studying electrical engineering are numerous, the following are the most notable.

  1. The topics covered are diverse in nature – The best electrical engineering universities include courses in programming, economics, electronics, mechanical engineering, mathematics, chemistry, and more. You’ll have to learn all of these additional fields while maintaining a strong concentration on your major courses, broadening your knowledge base. As a result, as an electrical engineer, you will be qualified to apply for positions in IT, electronics, and any other technological field, as your degree will provide you with a thorough understanding of all of them.
  1. Your specialized field will always be in demand – The value of the power industry will never dwindle. In reality, the demand for a more reliable and efficient power source is growing by the day. Expect power plants to hire more professionals, substations to hire better engineers, and distributors to hire from the younger crop. There’s also a need in the oil and gas industry, manufacturing plants, aviation, space, and everywhere else that relies on heavy electrical machinery to keep things running.
  1. The qualification is global – Electrical engineering is a subject of which you have a broad understanding. You can simply relocate to any country after graduating from one of the best electrical engineering institutions because the technology is the same worldwide. In fact, most Indian power plants buy their equipment from international companies like ABB, and they are eager to hire Indian students with the necessary expertise. Electrical engineering might be a quick and straightforward way to relocate and establish a profession in another country.
  1. New sub-sectors are emerging- The field of renewable energy is a good example. Many electrical firms are working hard to improve existing renewable technologies, which necessitates the hiring of skilled electrical engineers. Your expertise in power electronics and power systems will come in handy in companies like these, where you can strive to improve solar cell efficiency or reduce hydropower losses. Similarly, wireless power transmission and hybrid autos are two more subsectors where electrical engineers are in high demand.
  1. Additional research in emerging fields- You can pursue advanced studies in booming disciplines like VLSI and embedded systems, control and automation, robots and artificial intelligence, and more as an electrical engineer from the best institution for electrical engineering. In the foreseeable future, all of these industries will experience exponential growth, and the demand for expertise will explode. You may fully tap into a speaking field and realize its rewards if you have the correct degree and understanding.
  1. Government employment offers a diverse range of opportunities – The single discipline with the most job opportunities in the government sector is electrical engineering, which is closely followed by mechanical engineering. Power Grid Corporation Limited, NHPC, and BHEL are examples of specialty PSUs. Other businesses, including SAIL, IOCL, and NTPC, regularly post large job opportunities for electrical engineers. Above all, Indian Railways employs the largest number of electrical engineers each year across a variety of positions and offers exciting benefits that few other jobs can match.
YouTube: Valero energy

Nature and Scope 

Electrical engineering is just as relevant and interesting today as it was when Nikola Tesla was still trying to figure out what electricity’s ultimate power was.

Though it’s tempting to believe that computer programming, design, and mobile applications are the only essential technology to pursue based on the headlines, none of these things would be feasible without the assistance of electrical engineers. Without the field of electrical engineering and a team of individuals who knew how to make an electric car work and maximize its battery life, even the Tesla automobile firm would not be able to exist (still an area in need of further engineering innovation).

Electrical engineering jobs are likely to be both huge and tiny in the future. Electrical engineers will have the option of focusing on the complex circuits that build up personal computers or the massive instruments that regulate spaceships and even entire power networks.

scope of electrical engineering
Source: The balance


  • The skill to apply math, science, and engineering knowledge
  • An ability to plan and carry out experiments, as well as evaluate and interpret findings. The ability to design a system, component, or process to suit desired needs while taking into account realistic constraints such as economic, environmental, social, political, ethical, health and safety, manufacturability, and sustainability.
  • Ability to recognize, formulate, and solve engineering issues
  • An awareness of one’s professional and ethical responsibilities
  • The ability to successfully communicate
  • A wide education is required to comprehend the influence of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context. An understanding of the necessity for, and ability to engage in, life-long learning is also required.
  • An understanding of current events, an understanding of the concepts, skills, and current engineering tools required in engineering practice.

Career Scope of Electrical Engineering

Following electrical engineering, there were a variety of options. An electrical engineer is required in the industrial sector. Electrical engineers are employed in practically every business at some time, from tiny items and equipment to huge project equipment. The only profession in which an electrical engineer plays a significant role is chemical and electronic engineering. They develop, design, and test a wide range of items and equipment that are valuable in both the industry and everyday life.

Micro Electrical Engineer

Microelectronics is a branch of electronics concerned with the design and manufacture of small electronic components such as circuit boards, semiconductors, and microchips for use in electronic instruments, new biomedical technologies, information technologies, aviation equipment, and systems. Microelectronic engineers create and prototype electronic circuit chips, circuit boards, and semiconductors. They come up with innovative ideas, do specialized testing, and collect and analyze data on the performance of new models. An electrical engineering bachelor’s degree is necessary, as well as electrical and mechanical engineering skills.

Electrical Engineer

Large-scale electrical systems, such as power transmission, motor control, electricity utilization, and energy transmission, are the primary concerns of an electrical engineer. An electrical engineer is responsible for designing new electrical systems, testing equipment, and troubleshooting problems. Household products, telephone networks, building lighting and wiring, satellite communications, and power plants are just a few of the technologies that electrical engineers work on.

Instrumentation Engineer

Instrumentation engineers work in industries with automated processes to improve productivity, safety, dependability, stability, and optimization. Their main concentration is on designing, developing, installing, and administering machinery monitoring and control technology. Instrumentation engineers often connect sensors to recorders, displays, transmitters, or control systems. They are in charge of testing and maintaining the system. They frequently design or specify installation, wiring, and signal conditioning. Instrumentation engineering is one of the greatest jobs after electrical engineering for people with the capacity to think outside the box and convert project needs into the creation of task-appropriate hardware, as well as strong problem-solving and communication abilities.

Telecommunications Engineer

Telecom engineers are in charge of investigating new network technology and recommending how it should be integrated. They must keep the network up and running while also ensuring its availability. They are experts at managing data across a variety of channels, including audio, phone, text, and video. They are in charge of setting up and designing various telecommunications networks. They use a variety of devices, such as radio and television, satellite, computer networks, the internet, and optical fiber. A  telecommunication engineer is a good career path after electrical engineering for someone with strong logging and database table knowledge, experience designing and implementing LAN, WAN, Wireless LAN, and WWAN networks, and a good technical understanding of network hardware, Internet standards, and protocols.

Electrical Design Engineer

An electrical design engineer creates an innovative electrical system that can be used for a variety of purposes. They’re in charge of laying out and specifying system layouts. The researchers create and plan system concepts, usually with the use of a computer program. Electrical designers also test and change their systems as needed. They also provide help for the electrical systems they designed throughout the production process. For someone with strong communication, analytical, and problem-solving skills, the ability to work under pressure on a tight schedule, and organizational, leadership, and creative talents, an electrical engineer is a good career choice following electrical engineering.

  • Bachelor Robotics (BEng)
  • Bachelor of Electrical and Automation Engineering (BEng)
  • Bachelor in Electrical Engineering and Information Technology
  • Master in Mechatronics
  • MSc in Electrical Engineering
  • Master’s Degree in Telecommunications Engineering
  • MSc in Electrical Energy and Mobility Systems

Top 10 Universities offering Electrical Engineering Course Abroad

  1. Harvard University, USA
  2. Stanford University, USA
  3. The University of California, Berkeley (UCB), USA
  4. MIT, USA
  5. University of Cambridge, UK
  6. University of Oxford, UK
  7. Princeton University, USA
  8. California Institute of Technology (Caltech), USA
  9. ETH Zurich, Switzerland
  10. National University of Singapore, Singapore
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Which country is best for electrical engineering study?

Here are some of the best nations to study Electrical Engineering:
The United States.
The United Kingdom.

Is there a demand for electrical engineering?

From 2020 to 2030, the overall employment of electrical and electronics engineers is expected to expand at a rate of 7%, which is approximately average for all occupations. Over the next ten years, an average of 22,700 opportunities for electrical and electronics engineers are expected.

What are the skills required or expected from a graduate of Electrical Engineering?

Problem Solving
Critical Thinking
Electronic troubleshooting
Basic circuit knowledge

We hope you find the Scope of Electrical Engineering blog useful! If you are interested in applying for universities abroad, then contact Leverage Edu experts for end-to-end guidance from application to the visa process. Call us at 1800 572 000 for a 30-minutes counseling session today!

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