Pink Revolution: Origin, Government Policies, Current Status and more

5 minute read
Pink Revolution

India has already witnessed various revolutions like Green Revolution and White Revolution in its food enterprise that was related to Milk and Agriculture respectively. Green Revolution introduced a high-yielding variety of seeds & fertilizers whereas White Revolution marked India from being milk-deficient to the largest producer of dairy products. The term Pink Revolution refers to the technological revolutions in the meat and poultry processing sector in the country, introduced by Durgesh Patel. This revolution is focused on poultry & meat processing, onion production & pharmaceuticals. India is a country that is rich in poultry & cattle population and has a high potential to grow in this sector.

Pink Revolution in India

The modernization of the meat and poultry processing sector in India is known as the Pink Revolution. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) has reportedly found out that India is doing great in terms of processing meat and poultry. Four steps were outlined for making the food industry in India successful: 

  • Setting up of art meat processing plants
  • Development of technologies to raise male buffalo calves for meat production
  • Raising the number of farmers rearing buffalo under contractual farming
  • Establishment of disease-free zones for rearing animals. 

India’s meat production is steadily growing in absolute terms over the past decade. According to USDA (United States of Domestic Agriculture):

  • 3.2 million tons of broiler meat had been produced over last year.
  • 30% growth since 2009 & is among the fastest-growing sectors in the Indian Economy at a rate of 8%. 
Credits – study glows

Also Read: What is Golden Revolution: Importance & Advantages


The authority of the Pink Revolution falls under the category of the National Meat and Poultry Processing Board which works under the directives of the Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MOFPI). It has found out that a handful of large companies are already changing Indian Meat Production: 

  • Despite the huge livestock population in India, it only covers 2% of the global market.
  • Ensuring the quality and safety aspects of meat production.
  • Providing meat testing facilities.
  • Developing standard policies for meat & safety aspects of meat production.
  • Providing cold storage for the growth of the meat & poultry processing sector.


Regardless of the number of challenges mentioned above, the meat and poultry processing sector in India has great potential for growth:

  • This term is used for technological revolutions in the Meat and Poultry processing sector.
  • Current meat utilization per capita is 6 grams per day in India.
  • The country’s home has grown to 58% of the population of cattle and buffalo. 
  • About 10% of the rural labour force is employed in livestock rearing & related occupations.
  • Given India’s geographical location, it can easily cater to the markets in the Gulf as well as in East Asian countries.
  • India is shifting towards a protein-rich diet due to the food preferences of the youth population. 
  • There has been no report of adulteration in the Indian bovine meat industry. 

Also Read: Yellow Revolution

Government Regulations to Promote Pink Revolution in India

The growth rates of the Indian Poultry Industry have become 8% – 15% annually and now is worth more than 700 billion dollars. Some of the policies and examples of the government’s support in promoting the Pink Revolution in India are listed below: 

  • No excise duty or income tax is charged in the meat and poultry sector.
  • Transport facilities are being provided by the government to some extent.
  • No restrictions on the export of poultry and poultry products.
  • 100% FDI is now permitted to tap available opportunities across the sector. 
  • Modernization scheme for slaughterhouses across the country. 
Credits – Sangam talks

Current Status of Pink Revolution in India

Following is the status of India in producing & exporting meat:

  • In 2014, India surpassed Brazil and Australia to become the largest bovine meat exporting country in the world.
  •  India’s meat production is top agricultural export item ahead of basmati rice in 2014-15·        
  • Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Punjab are major meat production centres.  ·        
  • These abattoirs conform to international hygiene standards, with zero hand-touch-processing and regular visits by halal inspectors from the importing countries.        
  • Major export destinations during 2014-15 were Vietnam, Malaysia, Egypt, Thailand, and Saudi Arabia.
Name of the RevolutionAssociationAssociated with
Black RevolutionPetroleum
Golden RevolutionHorticulture and HoneyNirpakh Tutej
Brown RevolutionLeather, Cocoa
Grey RevolutionFertilizer
Blue RevolutionFishDr Arun Krishnan
Silver RevolutionEggsIndira Gandhi
White RevolutionDairy FarmingVerghese Kurien
Red RevolutionMeat and TomatoVishal Tewari
Golden Fibre RevolutionRelated with Jute Production
Green RevolutionRelated with Agricultural ProductionM.S. Swaminathan
Pink RevolutionRelated with Onions, PrawnsDurgesh Patel
Evergreen RevolutionFor all agricultural production growthM S Swaminathan
Round RevolutionRelated with potato production
Silver Fibre RevolutionRelated with Cotton production
Yellow RevolutionRelated with Oil Seed production

Must Read: Revolutions in India You Must Know About

MCQs on Pink Revolution

Being an important topic, there are many questions asked in competitive examinations regarding this event and its essential features. To help you enhance your knowledge on this topic, we have collated a list of important questions for the Pink Revolution for UPSC, Government, Bank, and Railway Exams:

1. The Pink Revolution is related to ______?
Meat and Poultry

Ans: Meat and Poultry

2. No report of Adulteration is part of _______?
Golden Revolution
Pink Revolution
Green Revolution
None of the above

Ans: Pink Revolution

3. The period of 1970 is known as the _______?
Black Revolution
Grey Revolution
Golden Revolution
Pink Revolution

Ans: Pink Revolution

5.  Which of the following is the growth rate of Indian Poultry Industry?
8% – 15%
10% – 20%
13% – 17%
6% – 9%

Ans: 1 8% – 15%

5. Which of these is not a part of the Pink Revolution in India?
Meat & Poultry Production
Oilseed Production
Increase in 58% of cattle & buffalo population
Modernization Scheme for slaughterhouses.

Ans: Oilseed Production

6. Who is considered the Father of the Pink Revolution?
Sam Pitroda
Nirpakh Tutej
Durgesh Patel
M.S. Swaminathan

Ans: Durgesh Patel

7. Pink Revolution promoted?
Food Grain Production
Livestock Employment for Farmers
Removed the deficiency of Dairy Products
Variety of seeds & fertilizers

Ans: Livestock employment for farmers

8. India has become the largest exporter of which of the following in Pink Revolution?
Bovine Meat & Poultry Sector
Wheat Production Sector
Oilseed Production Sector
Honey Production Sector

Ans: Bovine Mear & Poultry Sector


What is Pink Revolution in India?

The phrase “pink revolution” refers to a change in technology in the nation’s poultry and meat processing industry.

Who is the father of Pink Revolution in India?

Durgesh Patel

India is the largest exporter of which meat product?

India is the largest beef exporter in the world followed by Brazil and Australia.

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