Poetic Devices

Poetic Devices

Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveller, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth

The aforementioned couplet has been extracted from the poem “Road Not Taken”, written by Robert Frost. These lines are perfectly framed around poetic devices that make it exemplary and extraordinary in nature. Lucidity in writing plays a decisive role in crafting a masterpiece. A person with a poetic bent of mind has to make the writeup soothing and rhythmic and in order to do so, poetic devices are very important. Certainly, every form of artwork needs meticulous attention and craftsmanship from an artist. Likewise, framing a poem demands the same requirements by adding more flavour and texture to the poem. In this blog, we will help you understand the basics of poetic devices through a list of 10 poetic devices with examples. 

What are Poetic Devices?

By the term poetic devices, we can understand that it is a usage of words, phrases, sounds and even shapes that carries meaning in a poem. Basically, a poem always consists of proper structure and lays emphasis on the grammar, rhythm, verbal as well as visual elements. So, these literary or poetic devices are used in order to create a mood and increase feeling in the poem. 

List of 10 Poetic Devices

  • Alliteration
  • Allusion
  • Assonance
  • Consonance
  • Irony
  • Metaphor
  • Similes
  • Ode
  • Repetition
  • Rhyme


One of the most used poetic devices, Alliteration is a phonetic structure and repeated usage of sound or letter used in the first syllable of a word. It is considered as the oldest poetic tool that is generally used for two or more words in a poem. Most of the poets take alliteration into account while framing a particular poem as it adds charm and effectiveness. Sometimes, alliteration perfectly fits in tongue twisters. 


  • Dan’s dog dove deep in the dam, drinking dirty water as he dove
  • She sells seashells by the sea-shore
  • Hannah’s home is warm now, hopefully.
Poetic Devices


By this term, we can understand it is a phrase or a word that is meant to call something without mentioning it clearly. Allusion, which is yet another popularly used poetic device, is an ambiguous statement or phrase that leaves a reader in oblivion. 


  • Michel’s rival was in search of his Achilles heel to defeat him 
  • A noted American Scientist faces racism
  • A giant aeroplane crashed like a helpless bird

“Another age shall see the golden ear
Embrown the slope, and nod on the parterre,
Deep harvests bury all his pride has planned,
And laughing Ceres reassume the land.”


In a literary landscape, when two or more words that are close to each other repeats the same vowel sounds then such poetic devices are known as Assonance. However, they commence with different consonant sounds. Let’s understand this through examples.


  • I feel depressed and restless
  • You should go and mow the courtyard
  • Michel took the steering of a car and drove the vehicle
Poetic Devices


Falling under the list of poetic devices, Consonance is used in both prose and poetry. It can be understood as the repetition of sounds that are produced by the consonants in a phrase or a sentence. It is quite contrary to assonance’s repetition of vowel sounds. Sometimes, the usage of this word gives a rhythmic mood in a writeup. Let’s get it clear with the examples.


  • Zubair zooms the zooming lens of a DSLR camera
  • In April, Arvind likes his new Avatar
  • Don’t creep and beep while grandpa falls asleep

“Great, or good, or kind, or fair,
I will ne’er the more despair;
If she loves me, this believe,
I will die ere she shall grieve;
If she slights me when I woo,
I can scorn and let her go;
For if she be not for me,
What care I for whom she be?”


In the literary landscape, words are often framed in such a way that their original meaning gets changed. It is a figure of speech that helps us understand the difference between reality and appearance. For example, we are anticipating that a particular situation would be a particular expectation but turns quite contradictory to that. 


  • The moment I posted the cooking video on Youtube, I broke my smartphone
  • There is a thick smog coming from a fire station, it seems like something is burning 
  • Your heart is soft as a stone in the ocean


In order to put extreme emphasis on our writing style, we use the repetition technique. Through such poetic devices, the words or phrases are repeated in sentences. It is used in poetry as well as the prose sections. 


  • Amid the Coronavirus scare, the Doctor suggested me not take cold food, not to consume ice cream and to avoid attending gatherings.
  • I was watching a crime series where the judge repeatedly commanded “order in the court, order in the court” while stamping his mallet on the table.
  • After watching the movie, I felt that it was a total wastage of time, wastage of energy as well as wastage of money.

It was many and many a year ago,
In a kingdom by the sea,
That a maiden there lived whom you may know..
I was a child and she was a child,
In this kingdom by the sea,
But we loved with a love that was more than love
I and my Annabel Lee …”


Being the most important poetic devices, these are widely used while framing poems. They play a decisive role in adding more charm and mood in the poem. It is a tool that brings music to the poem in a proper rhythmic structure.



As a figure of speech is a poetic device, a metaphor is used in order to draw a comparison between unrelated things in an implicit or hidden way. Or, this is used when a poet tries to resemble two opposite things or objects on the basis of some common characteristics. 


  • Shizuka’s appearance is a great poem
  • The skies of his future began to darken
  • His words are pearls of wisdom
Poetic Devices


Similes are those poetic devices that are used to make a comparison to depict the similarities between two different things. However, this resemblance is done by taking words “like” and “as” into account when establishing a direct comparison.  


  • Shikha is so nervous, her feet are as cold as ice. 
  • You are as sweet as sugar.
  • As soon as I got my blood test done, I felt as light as a feather.


This word has a Greek origin “AEIDEIN”, which means to sing. We can say that these poetic devices are lyrical lines that are not very lengthy. There are mainly three types of Odes namely, Pindar, Horatian and Irregular ode.

Poetic Devices-Ode

Certainly, the expansion of the English language is unmissable, so is the poetic or literary landscape which has managed to produce wonderful and prolific poets of times. Do you want to take your zest for literature to new heights but are not sure of where to pursue such programs? Don’t worry! Reach out to our experts at Leverage Edu who will help you choose a university and complete the documentation process hassle-free!

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