This Day in History- May 18

4 minute read
May 18

History is the only subject that tells us by real examples the follies of human nature and teaches us the profound impact of past actions on the present. As Edmund Burke once said,‘Those who don’t know history are doomed to repeat it.’ So, let’s strive to do better by remembering and learning from the events that took place around the world on this day in history – May 18. 

What Happened In India On This Day in History- May 18?

Pokhran I- May 18
Credits: IndiaToday

1912: India’s first feature film released
On May 18, 1912, India’s first feature film called Shree Pundalik was released at the Coronation Cinematograph, Girgaum, Mumbai. The movie was produced and directed by Dadasaheb Torne alias Rama Chandra Gopal.

1966: Famous Indian Botanist Died
On May 18, 1966, the Indian botanist Panchanan Maheswari known for his invention of the technique of test-tube fertilization of angiosperms meant his sad demise.

1974: India becomes a Nuclear State
On May 18, India detonated its first atomic bomb named the Smiling Buddha under the supervision of Raja Ramanna, director of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in the army base Pokhran Test Range (PTR) in Rajasthan and the event was attended by several key Indian generals like Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

What Happened Around the World on May 18?

YouTube: Korea Now

1803: Napoleonic Wars began
On May 18, 1803, the infamous Napoleonic wars began between the country of  France led by Napoleon I and other European powers that resulted in a short French hegemony over most of Europe.

1830: World’s First Lawn Mower is Licensed
Edwin Budding of England signed an agreement for the manufacture of his invention, lawnmower on May 18, 1830, and sold thousands of the lawnmowers in the first year itself.

1956:  Reiss and Luchsinger climbed Lhotse
The Swiss climbers’ Fritz Luchsinger and Ernest Reiss made the first ascent of the Lhotse in the Himalayas, the fourth-highest mouth on earth.

1977: Environmental Modification Convention
On May 18, 1977, both superpowers US & USSR and along with other nations sign the international treaty called the Environmental Modification Convention which prohibited the use of explosives and military techniques that could alter the weather in a long-lasting manner. 

1978: Italy legalized Abortion
Italy passed a law that legalised abortion and allowed Italian women to terminate their pregnancies within the first 90 days.

1980: Mount St Helens erupted
Mount St Helens erupted in Washington state and resulted in killing 57 people and destroying property worth $1 billion in damage.

1980: Gwangju Massacre
May 18 marks the popular uprising that took place in Gwangju, South Korea led by students calling for democratic reforms and resulted in a brutal massacre killing around 600 people.

1990: Monetary Union Treaty
The Monetary Union Treaty was signed by East and West Germany on May 18, 1990, as part of the German Reunification that began earlier in May 1990.

2001: Shrek’s Nationwide Release
The comedy Shrek had its nationwide release in the United States on May 18, 2001; it won the Academy Award for a best-animated feature and became the first animated movie to be nominated for the Best Adapted Screenplay. 

2006: Nepal becomes a Secular Country
On May 18, 2006, the post-Loktantra Andolan government passed a landmark bill that curtailed the power of the monarchy and made Nepal a secular country.

2009: Sri Lankan Civil War Ended
The LTTE, the militant group and advocates for Tamil Eelam were defeated by the Sri Lankan government on 18 May 2009.

2018: Chile’s 34 Roman Catholic bishops Resign
All Chile’s 34 Roman Catholic bishops resigned in the wake of the child sex scandal and covering up the heinous crimes of the influential priest Fr Karadima.

2018: BTS releases Love Yourself: Tear
The famous K-pop boy band BTS released their album Love Yourself: Tear” and sold 135,000 in just the first week.

Famous Birthdays

  • Bertrand Russell
    Bertrand Russell, the famous mathematician, philosopher and pacifist who won the Nobel Prize of Literature for his book, Freedom of Thought, was born on May 18, 1872, in Monmouthshire, United Kingdom. 
  • Miriam Margolyes
    The prominent, British-Australian actress who is famous for her performance as Professor Sprout in the Harry Potter film series was born in Oxford, the United Kingdom on May 18, 1941. She is a winner of the famous BAFTA Award.  
  • Thaawar Chand Gehlot
    The famous Indian politician and the current Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment in the NDA Government led by the BJP Party was born in India on May 18, 1948. Mr Gehlot is the leader of the house in Rajya Sabha and a prominent member of the Parliamentary Board and Election Committee of BPJ. 
  • Sumathi Josephine (Rekha)
    Sumathi Josephine, more popularly called Rekha, is a popular Indian actress who has worked in a diverse number of languages and film industries in Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu and Kannada. She was born on May 18, 1970, in Kerala.
  • Tina Fey
    The famous American actress, comedian and writer was born on this glorious day in history on May 18, 1970. She is famous for her comedy series 30 Rock and her performance in Mean Girls, and Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt. 
  • Ali Zafar
    The Pakistani- songwriter, actor and singer who is popularly known for his roles in Mere Brother ki Dulhan, Dear Zindagi, Tere Bin Laden was born on this day in history in 1980 in Lahore, Pakistan. 

This was all about May 18! For more exciting news and updates, follow Leverage Edu on Facebook and Instagram to get regular updates.

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