Section-Wise Guide for ACT Exam Syllabus 2022

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All About the ACT Exam Syllabus (1)

Have you just cleared your class 12th and planning to study abroad? Every university has different criteria to be attained by applicants. Just like GRE, SAT, IELTS and TOEFL, ACT is a standardised test for students looking for admission in undergraduate schools in USA and Canada.  ACT exam can be categorised into 4 sections: English, Maths, Reading, and Science. Before you start preparing it is important to know the ACT exam syllabus, here’s your detailed guide on the ACT exam syllabus with tips and more!

ACT Exam Syllabus

There are 4 sections in the ACT Exam: English, Maths, Reading, Science and a total duration of 3 hours. The review section is optional and adds another 40 minutes to the total duration. It is an MCQ (multiple-choice questions) based test with 215 questions in full. The scores in every category vary from a low of 1 to a high of 36. Your decision of the point school establishes a great ACT record since the average score is 20.8.

ACT Exam Syllabus - Section-wise Guide
Section  Type of Questions Topics Covered
English   Multiple Essays or Passages Sentence Structure and Formation, Punctuation, English usage. 
Mathematics Graph, Charts, Formula Based etc.  Algebra, Number and Quantity, Functions, Geometry, Statistics and Probability etc. 
Reading  Long Passage or Short Prose  Inferences and Conclusions, Logical Reasoning, Interpretation etc. 
Science  Tables and graphs, diagrams, Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), Scientific phenomena questions  Biology, Chemistry, Earth/ Space Sciences(e.g Geology, Astronomy, and Meteorology and Physics
Writing  Essay Writing


The English section of the ACT exam has a total 5 passages from which you have to answer 75 multiple-choice questions. Basically, these questions are based on details related to a particular paragraph or the whole passage. This section particularly tests 2 vital skills that are usage mechanics and rhetorical skills. Moreover, usage and mechanics tests understanding of grammatical rules that includes usage, punctuation, and sentence structure.

  1. Rhetorical skills deals with the abstract understanding or comprehension of a particular passage. It can deal with the challenges that take place in the exam’s large headings
  2. Punctuation assesses your knowledge and practice of semicolons, detour, duration, comma etc
  3. Grammar Usage shows your grasp of syntax rules such as subject/verb agreement, pronoun/antecedent covenant, verb construction, pronoun problem, and adverbs
  4. Sentence atructure questions you on education applied to specifications, modifiers, and changes in development 
  5. Strategy questions show your understanding to build up and changing a section through the management of expressions
  6. Organisation questions show your organisational skills: your judgement of starting/termination and conditional sentences
  7. Style questions show your understanding to handle the terms that emphasise the progress and quality of the manuscript

Also Read: All About ACT Exam in India


A calculator is allowed for the mathematics section of the ACT exam. The syllabus for the maths section is given below:

Topics  Description
Pre-Algebra This section includes 20-25% of the total questions. It has number problems, multiples/factors/primes, divisibility, percents, fractions, square roots, ratios, mean/median/mode, probability, place values, absolute values, exponents, series, simple descriptive statistics.
Elementary Algebra This section comprises 15-20% of the total questions. It has substitution, simplifying expressions, solving linear equations, inequalities, multiplying binomials, solving quadratic equations
Intermediate Algebra This basically comprises 15-20% of the total questions. It deals with solving systems of equations, functions, matrices, logarithms, inequalities, sequences and patterns, complex numbers.
Coordinate Geometry This section comprises 15-20% of the total questions. It involves number lines, graphing inequalities, distance and midpoints, slope calculation, parallel/perpendicular lines, line equation, conic sections.
Plane Geometry This section comprises 20-25% of the total questions. It elucidates lines and angles, triangles, polygons, circles, 3-D geometry, volume, properties of circles, triangles, and parallelograms.
Trigonometry This section comprises 5-10% of the total questions. It involves solving triangles, trigonometric identities and graphs, graphing trigonometric functions, and solving trigonometric equations.


This passage comprises 4 sections for 40 multiple-choice questions. The sections will describe four extensive sections: civil science, societies, education, and literary fiction.

  1. Learning skills are diverse and comprise the intelligence to read fundamental concepts, establish relations within a reported text, interpret the flow of ideas, according to cause/effect and observations, dependent interpretation of words, and analyse the writer.
  2. They connect aim queries to the major scheme or theme of the movement. 
  3. Detailed questions assess you on the understanding of an individual utterance/line within a paragraph. 
  4. Vocabulary questions show your dependent interpretation of messages and their management. 
  5. Function questions assess your perception of the position of a specific concept or expression within the situation of the full text. 
  6. Implied forms suggest to you the purpose of a term/phrase that is not addressed in unequivocal calls.


This zone comprises 7 passages for 40 multiple-choice questions. Diagrams such as lists, sketches, and charts followed the paragraphs. The topics that are tested revolve around Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Earth Sciences. The skills required to ace this area have more to do with the interpretation developed while studying the scientific method well than just the raw recollection of facts and figures. 

  1. The power of the theory behind hypothesis evaluation and the capacity to collect and analyse data are important for the Science department
  2. Data representation questions test you on your ability to break down graphs/scatter-plots/tables, along with your ability to use the suggested material
  3. Research summaries test you on your knowledge of the methods-of-examines and related proceeds as defined in the text
  4. Conflicting viewpoints determine your capacity to analyse divergent perspectives. The challenges rotate around a basic idea, and you need to critique the two points of view presented.

Writing (Optional)

The cogency of an article is paramount for the ACT. The capacity to understand various areas of interpreting and fasten it into meaningful and interesting printed work will secure you an impressive record. Extended the second restraint, a far-skilled original design is required and not a simple recorded variety. 

  1. Turn a brief paragraph on a particular subject, which is characterised by 3 various perspectives on the your task is to analyse the attitudes, point out their values/demerits, pinpoint defects in thought (if any), consider caveats, variation one case against the opportunities and consider developments
  2. Knowing the curriculum extends a significant step in explaining what is required and wards off unpleasant miracles on the assessment time
  3. It will support you in developing an excellent learning program based on your assets and shortcomings in various subject areas

Top 5 Preparation Tips & Tricks for ACT Exam Syllabus

  1. It is recommended for you to register for the examination 3 months before you choose the date of appearing for the exam.
  2. If you stick to your early registration, you will have the time to prepare for the examination accordingly. 
  3. Check your syllabus thoroughly. 
  4. Do a lot of self-study. 
  5. Solve previous years’ question papers to develop a holistic understanding.

This is your go-to guide for the ACT Exam Syllabus. ACT test is your gateway to landing to your dream university in USA and Canada. Call us at 1800 572 000 and our Leverage Edu experts will provide you end-to-end assistance from application to Visa process. 

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