Logical Reasoning For Competitive Exams

Logical Reasoning

Amongst the most common sections included in a competitive exam, Logical Reasoning aims to evaluate candidates on their analytical abilities to simplify complex verbal and mathematical problems. Though reasoning questions may vary, this section generally comprises of statements through which one has to reach logical conclusions. While quantitative aptitude will examine your mathematical basics, logical reasoning sets out to examine how dexterous you are at interpreting patterns, relationships between variables as well as number sequences. If you have been struggling in your preparations for this section, here is a blog that aims to cover the essentials of logical reasoning, it’s general topics as well as some essential tips and tricks that can help you ace it with good scores.

Logical Reasoning: Verbal and Non- Verbal Reasoning

From diagrams to comprehension passages, logical reasoning encompasses a wide range of concepts and topics. To begin with, it is important to know that the logical reasoning section is divided into two categories, namely,

  1. Verbal Reasoning: Verbal Reasoning assesses candidates on their ability to logically comprehend problems and concepts expressed in words. These type of logical reasoning questions usually comprise arguments provided with possible conclusions that one needs to choose from. You might also get comprehension passages, puzzles, analogy, symbols and a host of other different kinds of word-based problems.
  2. Non-Verbal Reasoning: Non-Verbal Reasoning contains images and diagrams and the candidates have to analyse visual information and find suitable answers. 

Topics covered in Logical Reasoning

Logical Reasoning is considered to be one of the highest-scoring sections in the competitive exams. Having a good hold in this section may help you excel CA after graduation. Since it is generally divided into verbal and non-verbal, the syllabus for the same may encompass a long list of topics. The table below enlists some of the key topics you need to study while gearing up for this section: 

Verbal ReasoningNon-Verbal Reasoning
Analogy (both word-based and numerical)
Odd Pair (both word-based and numerical)
Missing Characters
Mathematical Operations
Seating Arrangement
(Linear and Circular)
Blood Relations
Direction Sense
Venn Diagrams
Assumption or Inference or
Clock and Calendar
Cubes and Dices (predicting colours or numbers on the faces of the object)
Sequences of Figures
Matrix (Finding missing numbers or letters)
Mirrors and Water Reflections
Configuration, Fitting Pieces, Odd Pieces, etc.

Also Read: Number Series Questions for Competitive Exams

Now, let’s elaborate some important topics covered under Logical Reasoning:

  • Analogy: In analogy questions, a specific relationship is given and the similar corresponding relationship has to be identified from the given options.
  • Coding-Decoding: Coding-Decoding questions comprises of some complicated problems that have a common code embedded in them. The candidate has to crack the code in the given question and identify the right answer. 
  • Arrangement: In Logical Reasoning, questions related to seating arrangement are generally asked. In these questions, candidates have to arrange a group of persons fulfilling certain conditions and the types under these questions can be linear as well as circular. 
  • Syllogism: Another significant topic under logical reasoning, syllogism questions join two or more premises to arrive at a conclusion. They contain major premise and minor premise on which conclusion is to be drawn but more of a general and specific statement.
  • Venn Diagrams: Logical Venn diagrams constitute reasoning problems that ask the candidates to analyse the relationship between different items. In these types of questions, there will be 4 diagrams and candidates have to select one which best describes the relationship between varied items.

Things to Keep in Mind

While solving logical reasoning questions, the most important thing you must keep in mind is to find the common pattern that every statement or given argument comprises. Further, to help prepare for this section in an efficient manner, here are some of the key tips and tricks you can utilise:

  • Take help from previous year question papers to study the different types of logical reasoning questions that come in various competitive exams.
  • Go through the topics mentioned above and memorise the tricks to simplify them and solve them efficiently.
  • Always read the question carefully before jumping directly towards the answer. It is always better to spend a few seconds to focus on the question which will further help you grasp the pattern and find the right answer.
  • Continuous practice is the pivotal success mantra that can assist in successfully cracking the logical reasoning section. Take mock tests and make sure that you time yourself while solving every section. This will help you find those areas where you can save more time and those on which you still need to work.

Hence, you can efficiently ace the Logical Reasoning section if you have consistently practised it and learned the tricks to identify patterns and crack different kinds of questions. If you are aspiring to appear for a competitive exam like GMAT, GRE, amongst others and don’t where to start, our Leverage Edu experts can guide you in creating the right preparation strategy along with equipping you with the right study material and exam day tips to ensure that you successfully crack it with flying colours.

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