What is the Full Form of USSR?

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USSR Full Form; Kremlin; USSR map with USSR flag symbol

The Full Form of the USSR is the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republic. It was a socialist state that existed from 1922 to 1991. The USSR was established on the 30th of December 1922, following the Russian Revolution of 1917. Moreover, it was created as a federation of multiple socialist republics, with Russia being the largest and most influential. Additionally, the USSR was geographically vast, spanning both the continents of Europe and Asia. It covered a significant portion of Eurasia, including Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, the Baltic states, Central Asia, and parts of Eastern Europe.

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Leaders of USSR

In addition, the USSR had several leaders throughout its existence. Some of the notable leaders are:

  • Vladimir Lenin (1917-1924)
  • Joseph Stalin (1924-1953)
  • Nikita Khrushchev (1953-1964)
  • Leonid Brezhnev (1964-1982)
  • Mikhail Gorbachev (1985-1991)

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Political and Economic System of the USSR

The USSR had a totalitarian political system characterized by a single-party rule under the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). Moreover, the CPSU had absolute control over all aspects of governance, economy, and society.

Furthermore, the USSR implemented a centrally planned economy, where the state owned and controlled most of the means of production. It followed the principles of Marxism-Leninism and aimed to build socialism and eventually communism.

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Space Exploration of the USSR

The USSR was the first country to launch an artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, into orbit on the 4th of October 1957. Moreover, it also achieved other significant space milestones, including the first human-made object to reach the Moon (Luna 2) and the first manned spaceflight by Yuri Gagarin in the year 1961.

Culture of USSR

The USSR’s culture was a complex mix of state control and vibrant creativity. Early on, there was experimentation in art and literature. Stalin, however, enforced Socialist Realism, a style portraying a rosy Soviet life. Moreover, censorship limited artistic expression. Despite this, the USSR boasted a high literacy rate and achievements in ballet, cinema, and science fiction. It was a culture of both government control and national pride.

Cold War and the Collapse of the USSR

While learning about the USSR Full Form, we must also learn about its role in the Cold War. The USSR was one of the main participants in the Cold War, a geopolitical rivalry between the Soviet Union and the United States. Additionally, the Cold War was characterized by political, economic, and ideological conflicts between the two superpowers.

The USSR began experiencing economic and political turmoil in the 1980s, hence leading to reforms under Gorbachev’s leadership. However, these reforms ultimately resulted in the dissolution of the USSR on the 26th of December 1991, marking the end of the Cold War era.

Countries under USSR

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republic included the following countries:

Countries Under USSRPresent Day Countries
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR)Russia
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (Moldavian SSR)Moldovia
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic (Georgian SSR)Georgia
Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic (Tajik SSR)Tajikistan
Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (Lithuanian SSR)Lithuania
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (UkrSSR)Ukraine
Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (Armenian SSR)Armenia
Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic (Kyrgyz SSR)Kyrgyzstan
Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR)Uzbekistan
Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic (Estonian SSR)Estonia
Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR)Turkmenistan
Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic (Latvian SSR)Latvia
Azerbaijani Soviet Socialist Republic (Azerbaijan SSR)Azerbaijan
Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic (Kazakh SSR)Kazakhstan
Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (Belorussian SSR)Belarus
Countries Under USSR
UNIDO Full FormLAMPS Full FormUNI Full FormWHO Full Form
ITU Full FormMPHW Full FormANM Full FormIADF Full Form
STC Full FormCMA Full FormMTC Full FormIPD Full Form
CCL Full FormSEO Full FormEDC Full FormNRC Full Form
ARP Full FormCOE Full FormIMRB Full FormOPD Full Form

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