The full form of NAM is the Non-Aligned Movement. The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is an international organisation that promotes the concerns and goals of developing countries. The NAM had 120 members at the start of the twenty-first century. It was born out of a global wave of decolonization that followed World War II.
Speaking in favour of refraining from utilising collective defence mechanisms to further the particular interests of any one of the big powers were many of the newly independent nations present at the Asian-African Conference in Bandung in 1955. During the Cold War, they argued that developing nations should band together to support national self-determination and opposition to all forms of imperialism and colonialism rather than join forces with either of the two superpowers, the United States or the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics).
Here are some of the main objectives of NAM:
- The NAM has attempted to “establish an independent course in world affairs” in order to keep its member States from suffering collateral damage in confrontations between the major powers.
- Its technique has been impacted by three primary factors:
- Autonomous judgment rights.
- The fight against neocolonialism and imperialism.
- The exercise of moderation in communications with all important countries.
- Another goal is to make it simpler to rebuild the global economic order.
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Some of the main principles of NAM are:
- Respect for the many political, economic, social, and cultural preferences of countries and the people that inhabit them.
- The observance of the territorial integrity and the equality of every independent state.
- Respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of each other.
- Reciprocal restraint.
- Each other’s privacy in domestic matters is respected.
- Justice and mutual benefit.
- The protection and advancement of shared interests, fairness, and collaboration are founded on respect for one another and the equality of rights, despite the political, economic, and social gaps among the several States.
- Attempt to stay out of a state’s internal concerns. Regardless of the motivation, no State or group of States has the authority to directly or indirectly meddle in the internal affairs of another State.
- Promoting and defending multilateralism and multilateral organizations as the most effective means of cooperation and communication for resolving global concerns.
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