The Full Form of ITU is the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). It is a specialist body of the United Nations. All matters relating to information and communication technologies are dealt by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The ITU’s original purpose was to aid in the connection of telegraphic networks between nations, but as new communications technologies emerged, so did the scope of the organization’s mandate. In 1934, the ITU changed its name to reflect its increased authority over the radio and, consequently, the telephone. The ITU, which has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, has a membership of 193 nations and about 900 business, academic, international, and regional organizations.
ITU Full Form: History
The ITU was founded in Paris in 1865 as a result of the International Telegraph Union. In 1932 and 1947, it received its current name and became a specialized agency of the UN. ITU’s activity currently involves the whole of the ICT industry, from digital broadcasting to the web, mobile technologies, and 3D TV. ITU began as a public-private partnership and currently includes 193 member nations as well as about 700 business sector organizations. There are 12 regional and area offices worldwide for the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). ITU has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
3 Sectors of ITU
There are 3 main sectors of the ITU. ITU full form is International Telecommunication Union. Below we have listed the 3 sectors of ITU.
- Radiocommunication (ITU-R)
- Telecommunication Standardization
- Telecommunication Development (ITU-D)
Also Read: Mass Communication Colleges in India
How to Become a Member State of the ITU?
To become a member state of the ITU certain criteria have to be met. These criteria are listed below. Mainly, it depends on if the state is a member of the United Nations or Not.
- If the country is a member of the United Nations it becomes a member of ITU by acceding to the Consitution and the Convention of the ITU (Geneva,1992).
- If a country is not a member of the United Nations the state needs to apply for the same. The membership application needs to have secured approval by 2/3rd of the member states of the Union/
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