What is the Full Form of LPG?

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LPG Full Form

The full form of LPG is Liquified Petroleum Gas. It is also known as liquid petroleum gas and is a type of flammable combination of hydrocarbon gases that is liquified through pressurization. The primary source of LPG is natural gas processing and petroleum refining. In some cases, it is also produced as a by-product of refining crude oil. 

Also Read: What is the Full Form of GAIL? 

History of LPG

Here is a historical overview of LPG:

  • LPG traces its roots of origin back to the 18th century when William Murdoch, a British chemist and industrialist discovered its combustible properties.
  • During its early phase, LPG was primarily used as a fuel for internal combustion engines.
  • Later on, it was adapted by the British Royal Navy to power ships, aircraft, and submarines. 
  • In the 1930s, LPG was used in the USA as an industrial fuel to power motor vehicles. 
  • Its use as an automotive fuel began somewhere between the 1950s and 1960s due to its low cost and better efficiency. 

LPG Components

Interestingly, LPG is one of the cleanest conventional fuels that causes significantly less air pollution than other alternatives like coal, wood, and oil. For instance, it reduces the GHG emissions by somewhere around 25%. The primary components of LPG are:

  • Propane
  • Butane
  • Propylene
  • Isobutane
  • Butylene

What are the Uses of LPG?

LPG or Liquified Petroleum Gas has numerous domestic and industrial uses such as:

  • LPG is used as a fuel for various vehicles.
  • It is also used as a fuel in domestic applications such as cooking and heating food. 
  • LPG is also used in appliances such as homes, hotels, and stovetops. 
  • Other industrial uses include its use in ovens, furnaces, and different heating applications. 

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Properties of LPG

In a nutshell, LPG is a colorless, nontoxic, non-corrosive, and flammable gas. The properties of LPG include:

Property Value 
Color Colorless 
Odor Mild odor
Vapor Pressure8
Chemical formula C3H8, C4H10, C4H8
Solubility Soluble in Organic Solvents 
Freezing Point-188
Boiling Point-42
Molecular Weight 44

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