The Full Form of GMO is a Genetically Modified Organism. GMO refers to organisms, usually plants or animals whose genetic material has been changed in a way that does not occur naturally such as through mating or natural recombination. Moreover, in a GMO the alteration has been an addition or subtraction of genes in that plant or animal. Additionally, through genetic modification or engineering techniques like cloning, artificial insemination, gene manipulation, or in-vitro fertilization, a GMO is formed.
Also Read: What is the Full Form of CGI?
What is the History of GMOs?
The history of GMOs dates back to the 1970s when scientists began experimenting with the transfer of genes between organisms. Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer in the year 1973 created the first GMO. Furthermore, the first commercially available genetically modified crop was the Flavr Savr Tomato in 1994. Since then, the technology has rapidly evolved, hence leading to the development of multifarious genetically modified crops and organisms around the world today.
Also Read: What is the Full Form of CRISPR?
What are the Top 10 GMO Foods?
The Top 10 GMO Foods that we consume are:
- Rapeseed (Canola) Oil
What is an Example of a GMO?
One prominent example of a GMO is Bt cotton, which has been genetically modified to express a toxin from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis. In addition, this toxin provides resistance against certain pests, hence reducing the need for chemical pesticides.
Also Read: What is the Full Form of DNA and RNA?
What are the Advantages of GMOs?
Moreover, the advantages of GMOs are:
- Increased crop yields
- Improved nutritional content
- More resistance to pests and diseases
Additionally, genetically modified crops can be engineered for better tolerance to environmental stressors, such as drought or extreme temperatures, thus contributing to food security.
Also Read: What is the Full Form of SNP?
What are the Disadvantages of GMOs?
Despite their advantages, GMOs also face criticism. The disadvantages of GMOs are as follows:
- Potential environmental impact
- Unintentional harm to non-target organisms
- Ethical considerations surrounding the manipulation of genetic material
Furthermore, the dominance of certain genetically modified crops raises issues related to biodiversity and the concentration of corporate control in the agricultural sector. Thus, public debate continues on the balance between the benefits and risks of GMO technology.
We hope this blog has helped you understand the full form of GMO and everything related to it. If you want to know more, find the 300+ full forms list on our blog. In the world of short forms, you can rely on the Leverage edu page to know about more full forms like this! Connect with us study abroad experts to achieve your international dream today!