What is the Full Form of GMO?

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GMO Full Form

The Full Form of GMO is a Genetically Modified Organism. GMO refers to organisms, usually plants or animals whose genetic material has been changed in a way that does not occur naturally such as through mating or natural recombination. Moreover, in a GMO the alteration has been an addition or subtraction of genes in that plant or animal. Additionally, through genetic modification or engineering techniques like cloning, artificial insemination, gene manipulation, or in-vitro fertilization, a GMO is formed. 

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What is the History of GMOs?

The history of GMOs dates back to the 1970s when scientists began experimenting with the transfer of genes between organisms. Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer in the year 1973 created the first GMO. Furthermore, the first commercially available genetically modified crop was the Flavr Savr Tomato in 1994. Since then, the technology has rapidly evolved, hence leading to the development of multifarious genetically modified crops and organisms around the world today.

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What are the Top 10 GMO Foods?

The Top 10 GMO Foods that we consume are:

  1. Rice
  2. Potato
  3. Tomato
  4. Corn
  5. Beetroot
  6. Soy
  7. Rapeseed (Canola) Oil
  8. Zucchini 
  9. Papaya
  10. Aspartame

What is an Example of a GMO?

One prominent example of a GMO is Bt cotton, which has been genetically modified to express a toxin from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis. In addition, this toxin provides resistance against certain pests, hence reducing the need for chemical pesticides.

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What are the Advantages of GMOs?

Moreover, the advantages of GMOs are:

  • Increased crop yields
  • Improved nutritional content
  • More resistance to pests and diseases

Additionally, genetically modified crops can be engineered for better tolerance to environmental stressors, such as drought or extreme temperatures, thus contributing to food security.

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What are the Disadvantages of GMOs?

Despite their advantages, GMOs also face criticism. The disadvantages of GMOs are as follows:

  • Potential environmental impact
  • Unintentional harm to non-target organisms
  • Ethical considerations surrounding the manipulation of genetic material

Furthermore, the dominance of certain genetically modified crops raises issues related to biodiversity and the concentration of corporate control in the agricultural sector. Thus, public debate continues on the balance between the benefits and risks of GMO technology.

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