What is Modern Politics?

3 minute read
What is Modern Politics

Modern Politics is the study of politics with emphasis on the work of sociologists and psychologists. Modern politics shifts the focus from the long-standing structures of descriptive, legal government and its policies to introduce a behavioural study of individuals and groups participating in public policy-making and execution. 

Birth of Modern Politics 

Modern politics emerged in Europe due to the social changes introduced in the region by modern political philosophers. They persuaded a society of ignorance to question their political structures and participate in devising public policies. 

Also Read: What are Fundamental Duties?

Who Was the Founder of Modern Political Theory?

The founder of modern political theory was Niccolò Machiavelli. He was also an Italian Renaissance historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer. Moreover, Machiavelli also gave the theory of nation-states. 

Niccolò Machiavelli

What is the Modern Political Theory?

Modern Political Theory refers to the study of political thoughts and ideas that emerged in the 17th and 18th centuries.

  • This time period witnessed numerous significant intellectual developments that consequently shaped people’s thinking.
  • It includes thoughts and studies of many philosophers, political thinkers, and sociologists like Karl Marx, John Rawls, Robert Nozick, Carl Schmitt, Jurgen Habermas, etc. 
  • However, there are some common problems faced by modern political theory in the 21st century on account of lack of coherence, direction, comparison, and empiricism in the discipline.
  • Nevertheless, it has emphasized the realistic study of people’s actual behaviour in political scenarios instead of focusing on the institutionalization of thought. 

Also Read: Unicameral and Bicameral Legislature: Meaning, Characteristics, Differences

Modern Indian Political Thought

Modern politics was adopted in India in the 19th century. There has been great debate on the coming of foreign rule in India over sovereignty.

  • The theory of influential people like Gandhi and Pillai was that the coming of foreign law and order to India was not disastrous as long as Indians did not lose their own principles. 
  • Modern politics in India is inspired by the West but inculcates and values principles of democracy and nationalism.
    • Modern politics has also given Indians the gift of secularity, sovereignty, socialism, and capitalism apart from democracy and nationalism. 

Thus, these are also the main features of modern political thought which have attracted all nations to adopt this theory.

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Who is the father of modern politics?

Niccolo Machiavelli is globally renowned as the Father of Modern Political Science. He was an Italian diplomat, a famous historian, and a philosopher whose most famous work includes The Prince, a treatise on political power. 

What is the best definition of politics?

Politics is a process of collective decision-making. It involves numerous members of different parties coming together to negotiate and use their authorized powers in order to share policies and impact everyone’s lives positively. 

What is the simple definition of politics?

When we talk about politics, we are basically discussing how countries are run and how their governments make rules to keep law and order in society. 

Lastly, we hope you liked our blog and gained an understanding of Modern Politics. Moreover, you may even read more blogs and empower yourself with knowledge regarding Civics and Polity! 

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