Modern Politics is the study of politics with emphasis on the work of sociologists and psychologists. Modern politics shifts the focus from the long-standing structures of descriptive, legal government and their policies to introduce a behavioural study of individuals and groups participating in public policy making and execution.
Birth of Modern Politics
Modern politics emerged in Europe due to the social changes introduced in the region by modern political philosophers. They persuaded a society of ignorance to question their political structures and participate in devising public policies.
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Who Was the Founder of Modern Political Theory?
The founder of modern political theory was Niccolò Machiavelli. He was also an Italian Renaissance historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer. He also gave the theory of nation-states.
What is the Modern Political Theory?
Modern Political Theory refers to the study of political thought after the 18th century. It includes thoughts and studies of many philosophers, political thinkers and sociologists like Karl Marx, John Rawls, Robert Nozick, Carl Schmitt, and Jurgen Habermas etc.
However, there are some common problems faced by modern political theory in the 21st century on account of lack of coherence, direction, comparison, and empiricism in the discipline. Nevertheless, it has emphasised the realistic study of people’s actual behaviour in political scenarios instead of focusing on the institutionalisation of thought.
Modern Indian Political Thought
Modern politics was adopted in India in the 19th century. There has been great debate on the coming of foreign rule in India over sovereignty. The theory of influential people like Gandhi and Pillai was that the coming of foreign law and order to India was not disastrous as long as Indians did not lose their own principles.
Modern politics in India is inspired by the West but inculcates and values principles of democracy and nationalism. Modern politics has also given Indians the gift of secularity, sovereignty, socialism and capitalism apart from democracy and nationalism.
These are also the main features of modern political thought which have attracted all nations to adopt this theory. This was all about modern politics, for more such informative blogs on Civics & Polity of India stay tuned to our General Knowledge section.
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