What is the Full Form of DNA and RNA?

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In the world of genetics, DNA and RNA are key players. The full form of DNA and RNA is Deoxyribonucleic Acid and Ribonucleic Acid. DNA is a molecule that carries the genetic instructions and determines the traits and characteristics of all living organisms. On the other hand, RNA serves as a messenger that translates the genetic information stored in DNA into functional proteins. 

Also Read: What is the Full Form of DNA?

Difference Between RNA and DNA

Here is an overview of the differences between RNA and DNA

Parameters DNARNA
Full form Deoxyribonucleic acidRibonucleic acid
Found in DNA occurs inside the nucleus of the cell. In plants, it is found in mitochondria and other plant cells.RNA is commonly found in the cytoplasm of the cell. 
Structure DNA is a double-stranded molecule.It consists of a long chain of nucleotides.RNS is a single-strand helix.It contains short chains of nucleotides.
Function DNA stores and transfers genetic information to generate new cells. It transfers genetic code from the nucleus to ribosomes.It also makes proteins.
Sugar DNA contains deoxyribose sugar.RNA contains ribose sugar
Chemical CompositionIt has two nucleotide strands.It consists of a phosphate group, five-carbon sugar, and four nitrogen bases.It consists of a phosphate group, five-carbon sugar, and four nitrogen bases.
Types There are three types of DNA: A-DNA, B-DNA, and Z-DNA. There are four types of RNA: ribosomal RNA, messenger RNA, transfer RNA, and small nuclear RNA.  
Bases The bases in DNA include A, T, G, and C.RNA shares A, G, C, and U.

Also Read: What is the Full Form of SCVT?

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