Class 9 Social Science- What is Democracy?

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What is Democracy?

One of the most critical subjects in class 9 is social science. While it may be boring for some, a few students might find it interesting to study. So, to make the subject more interesting for everyone, take a look at class 9 social science notes on democracy in India that we have prepared for you. Before the British colonised India, the country was primarily a monarchy. This means it was ruled by kings of a particular region. But, post the British rule, our leaders chose democracy as the independent country’s form of government. So, in this article, let us understand the concept of democracy and details about democracy in India.

What is Democracy?

Democracy is a form of government in which people have the right to choose their representatives. These elected representatives then go on to form a government to rule the country. In simple terms, we often hear people describing democracy as a government that is “of the people, by the people and for the people” of that particular country.

Must read: Best Books on Indian History

Credits: Magnet Brains

Types of Democracy

Democracy can be broadly classified into two types, namely direct and indirect democracy:

  1. Direct democracy is one in which the people themselves vote on a bill or amendment, thereby making the final statement. It involves a huge number of people from the country. It was mainly practised in ancient Greek cities.
  2. Indirect democracy is the one which is currently being practised in India and a few other major countries like USA, UK etc. Here, the representatives are chosen through elections. They make important decisions on behalf of the people.

Features of Democracy in India

Apart from the above-mentioned types of Democracy, different countries have developed their own unique forms of government, incorporating additional features to suit their socio-cultural requirements. These may include a Two-party system, multiple party systems, or indirect methods of representative election. However, irrespective of what their practices are, every Government that calls itself a Democracy has certain aspects which are common with other Democracies. These features of democracy are basic empowering tools that every citizen in the country is equipped with, irrespective of any form of social status or standing. Here are the features of Democracy in points:

  • Free, Fair and Frequent Elections
  • Representation of Minorities
  • Rule within the Constitutional Law
  • Freedom of Speech, Expression and Choice
  • Federal Rights
  • Council Responsibility
  • Right to Education
  • Right to Form Association and Union
  • Same Law for All
  • No Control on Judiciary
Credits: Magnet Brains

Advantages and Disadvantages of a Democratic Government

Advantages of Democracy  Disadvantages of Democracy 
Since the people of the country elect a government in a democracy, thus it is ultimately answerable to the people for their actions. Since there are many layers of authority in a democracy, the decision-making process is a little slower compared to other types of government.
A democratic government will give more freedom to its people to question the government itself. For example, the people of China cannot question the government. However, democracy in India will allow people to question the government if anything is done wrong. There is a possibility of corruption in a democratic government since people can use political influence and power to win elections. Democracy in India can be an excellent example where people try to influence election results by giving money to people during election times.
Since there is the concept of an opposition party, the quality of decision making will be improved over a period of time. Development projects in a big country like India could be unstable due to a change of political parties every five years.

Check Out: What is Democracy Why Democracy Class 9 PDF

Check out the entire class 9 English syllabus along
with tips to secure good marks in this particular subject!

Now that we are aware of the basics of what a democracy is, and it’s different types, we will soon see in detail about the structure of democracy in India.

Also Read: What is Democracy in Hindi

Democracy in India

India is the largest democracy in the world where the President acts as the head of the state. The Prime Minister acts as the head of the central government of the country. Apart from the central government, there are state governments for each state to aid in better governance of the country. Both the central government and state government function within the framework of the constitution. One of the fundamental principles of democracy in India is based on political equality, and therefore any person in the country can run a party and contest in the elections.

Division of Houses in the Central Government

Democracy in India has a bicameral legislature, which creates two houses namely the Upper House or Rajya Sabha and the Lower House or Lok Sabha. Members of the Lok Sabha are elected through the central government elections in which people from all over the country cast their votes to elect members for their constituency. As of now, there are a total of 543 seats in the Lok Sabha which represents 543 constituencies in the country. The party with the majority among the 543 seats form the government. The party with the second majority forms the opposition party.

Out of the 245 members of the Rajya Sabha, 233 members are elected indirectly by the representatives of the state legislative assembly. The President of India elects the remaining 12 members for their contribution in various fields like art, literature, sports etc.

Here is the class 9 ICSE Biology syllabus for you!

Types of Parties in India

The system of democracy in India has a multi-party system. All parties in India are classified as a national party or a state party if they clear specific qualifications. Also, for a party to contest in the elections, it must be registered with the election commission of India. It is an independent body which cannot be controlled by the government.

What is Constitution?

Society has fundamental laws that describe and differentiate it from other types of societies. Constitutive laws are formed by agreement in significant cultures where different groups of citizens co-exist. In developed nations, this agreement is available in written form, which we call a Constitution. The Indian Constitution was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was formed in December 1946. The Constituent Assembly consisted of 300 members in 1946. It was headed by Dr. Rajendra Prasad. The Constituent Assembly completed the work in two years, eleven months, and eighteen days. The Constitution of India was adopted on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950. To know more, read our blog on The Indian Constitution.

Credits: Basic Gyan

What is Dictatorship?

Dictatorship is a type of government where one person or a group of people enjoy unbridled power in the absence of any limitations. Dictators usually use forcible means to achieve political power. They subsequently maintain their government through the use of violence, terror, and the suspension of civil rights. They also use different means such as the dissemination of disinformation to sustain their rule. All this helps the dictator to govern the country in the direction of his choice, even though it may come at the cost of public welfare. For more information, read our blog on What is the Difference between Democracy and Dictatorship?

Democracy vs Dictatorship

Criteria Democracy Dictatorship
Definition Government of the people One person or a group rules a population
Key Feature People choose their representatives The dictator rules every aspect of the country.
Power Citizens have the ultimate power in a democracy. The dictator has all the powers.
Freedom Freedom provided in terms of rights and duties No freedom to the people
Justice A wholesome justice system The power to provide justice lies in the hands of the dictator
Government Promotes sovereignity Facilitates domination
Rights Human rights to express, vote, information, social rights, cultural rights, etc. The dictator has all the rights and people are oppressed.

Class 9 Social Science- What is Democracy? Extra Questions & Answers

What is democracy government?

A democratic government is one that is chosen by the public. People have the right to choose their representative and the elected leader has the right to rule the country.

What is democracy? Explain.

Democracy is a form of government in which people have the right to choose their representatives. These elected representatives then go on to form a government to rule the country. In simple terms, we often hear people describing democracy as a government that is “of the people, by the people and for the people” of that particular country.

What are the features of democracy?

Apart from the above-mentioned types of Democracy, different countries have developed their own unique forms of government, incorporating additional features to suit their socio-cultural requirements. These may include a Two-party system, multiple party systems, or indirect methods of representative election. However, irrespective of what their practices are, every Government that calls itself a Democracy has certain aspects which are common with other Democracies. These features of democracy are basic empowering tools that every citizen in the country is equipped with, irrespective of any form of social status or standing. Here are the features of Democracy in points:
1. Free, Fair and Frequent Elections
2. Representation of Minorities
3. Rule within the Constitutional Law
4. Freedom of Speech, Expression and Choice
5. Federal Rights
6. Council Responsibility
7. Right to Education
8. Right to Form Association and Union
9. Same Law for All
10. No Control on Judiciary

Hope this blog on what is democracy helped you in understanding its importance in the Indian context. Get in touch with Leverage Edu if you plan to explore various careers in this particular domain. 

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