Syllogism Questions

Syllogism Questions

Syllogism uses the principle of deductive reasoning to come up with conclusions from multiple propositions. Scores of competitive exams like SBI PO, CAT, etc, have an essential section where you will be solving syllogism questions in a limited time. Even if you are a wordsmith, syllogism can be a complex and perplexing section to comprehend. Practicing consistently is the key to score well in this section. Not only will regular practice help you grasp the inherent concepts of syllogism but it will also enhance your speed and accuracy. In this, there are two core features: two or more statements with two or more conclusions. With the increasing level of difficulty in terms of statements, here is a list of syllogism questions and their answers which you can practice to ace a wide range of entrance exams!

Q. There are two statements in the following question after which there are two conclusions i.e. 1 and 2. You have to assume that the two statements are true and then choose the conclusion (s) that logically follows these statements, regardless of whether they are commonly known statements.

Statements:

  1. Some birds are reptiles.
  2. Some insects are reptiles.

Conclusions:

  1. All insects being reptiles is a possibility.
  2. Some reptiles are birds.

Choose the conclusion(s) that follows the above statements.

A. Only Conclusion 1B. Only Conclusion 2
C. Neither Conclusion 1 nor 2D. Both 1 & 2

Explanation:
The first statement explains that there are some birds which are also reptiles and the second one says that there are some insects that are reptiles. So, this leads us to the possibility of some birds also being reptiles and since some reptiles are birds it can also be inferred by reversing the Ist statement that there are some reptiles that are birds.

Thus, Answer: D

Q. There are three statements in the following question after which there are three conclusions, i.e. 1, 2 and 3. You have to assume that the three statements are true regardless of whether they are commonly known statements or not and then choose the conclusion (s) that logically follows these statements.

Statements:

  1. Some bottles are cups.
  2. All cups are glasses.
  3. All glasses are saucers.

Conclusions:

  1. Some bottles are glasses.
  2. Some glasses are bottles.
  3. All cups are saucers.

Choose the conclusion(s) that follows the above statements.

A. All B. Only 1, 2
C. Only 2, 3D. None of These

Answer: A

Syllogism Questions

Q. There are four statements in the following question after which there are three conclusions, i.e. 1, 2, 3 and 4. You have to assume that the four statements are true regardless of whether they are commonly known statements or not and then choose the conclusion (s) that logically follows these statements.

Statements:

  1. Some orange is yellow
  2. Some yellow are green
  3. All green is blue
  4. No blue is black

Conclusions:

  1. No black is green.
  2. Some yellow is blue.
  3. Some black is orange.
  4. No black is orange.

Choose the conclusion(s) that following the statements.

A. Only 1 and 2B. Either 3 or 4
C. Only 1 & Either 3 or 4D. None of the Above

Explanation: No black is green and some yellow are blue.
Thus, Answer is A

Q. There are three statements in the following question after which there are four conclusions, i.e. 1, 2, 3, and 4. You have to assume that the statements are true regardless of whether they are commonly known statements or not and then choose the conclusion (s) that logically follows these statements.

Statements:

1. Some Nests are Kites
2. All Kites are Pots
3. All Pots are Chips
4. Some Chips are Buses

Conclusions:

1. Some Buses are Kites
2. Some Chips are Nests
3. No Bus is a KIte
4. Some Chips are Kites

A. Only 2, 3, and 4 B. Only Either 1 or 3 and 2 and 4
C. Only Either 1 or 4 and 2 followD. Only 1, 2, and 4

Answer: B

Q. There are three statements in the following question after which there are four conclusions, i.e. 1, 2, 3, and 4. You have to assume that the statements are true regardless of whether they are commonly known statements or not and then choose the conclusion (s) that logically follows these statements.

Statements:

1. All Bulbs are Bottles
2. No Bottle is Cable
3. Some Cables are Papers

Conclusions:

1. Some Papers are Cables
2. Some Bottles are Bulbs
3. Some Pins are Bottles
4. Some Cables are Bulbs

A. All of the AboveB. Only 3
C. Only 1 and 2D. None of the Above

Answer: C

Q. Choose the correct option for statements given.

Statements:

1. No Lion is an Elephant
2. All Elephants are Kangaroos
3. All Kangaroos are Giraffes

Conclusions:

1. All Kangaroos can’t be Lions
2. All Lions are Giraffes

A. If Both Conclusion 1 and 2 followB. If Only 2 Follows
C. If Either 1 or 2 FollowD. If Only Conclusion 1 Follows

Answer: D

Q. Choose the correct option for statements given.

Statements:

1. All Pens are Pencils
2. Some Pencils are Erasers

Conclusions:

1. No Eraser is a Pen
2. At least Some Erasers are Pencils

A. If Only Conclusion 1 FollowsB. If Only Conclusion 2 Follows
C. Neither of the AboveD. If Either Conclusion 1 or 2 Follow

Answer: B

Syllogism Questions: Helpful Tricks & Techniques

Syllogisms test your deductive reasoning and there are some tricks that will allow you to simplify statements and conclusions. The core technique lies in connecting one statement with another and verifying the statements mentioned in the conclusion. Listed below are some helpful tricks and techniques for solving syllogism questions for competitive exams:

  • Create Venn diagrams to easily segregate one statement from another.
  • Explore all the possibilities in statements that include ‘all’ and ‘no’. If there is a statement that says “All white is black. Some pink is white.” This statement is filled with possibilities that some pink can be black or some black can be white. In questions like these, you need to consider all these possibilities before coming to conclusions.
  • Syllogism questions with “some” and “all” can be confusing. Try understanding the difference that if some A is B, it doesn’t mean that all A is B or all B is A. If all C is D, it doesn’t imply that all D is C.
  • Remember to solve a syllogism problem in a sequential manner. If you directly assume the third statement after the first it will result in causing confusion because you missed out on the second statement which might be the connection between the first and the third statement.
  • Find a common relationship between statements and conclusions. A major aspect of syllogism questions in competitive exams is that they always create a connection between one statement and another. Start with reading every statement carefully and then building a common relationship to locate the right conclusions.

Thus, facts don’t exist in the world of syllogism but deductive reasoning does. The faster you begin grasping the conclusive quality of these questions you will be nailing syllogism questions for competitive exams. Seeking admission in colleges abroad can seem daunting, you don’t need to take that stress by yourself. Let the experts at Leverage Edu help you in acing your exams and finding a place in the hallways of your dream college.

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