Analytical Reasoning For Competitive Exams

Analytical Reasoning

From civil services and MBA entrance exams to competitive exams after 12th and general ability tests, universities and organizations around the world test analytical reasoning and mental aptitude in one or the other way. CAT 2020, NTSE, SCRA exam, AFCAT Exam, SSC CGL, AMCAT, RBI, Railway Recruitment exams, LIC, IBPS in addition to technical and non-technical examinations are some of the famous Indian entrance tests which follow the same route. Along with questions on general awareness, verbal ability, comprehension, and quantitative aptitude, problems based on analytical aptitude also forms a crucial part of such competitive exams.

Important Topics Under Analytical Reasoning

Important topics under analytical reasoning are-

The difficulty level may vary depending on the intent and the objective of the conducting authority. 

Solved Examples

Let us take a look at some of the solved examples to understand this topic better-

Q. Calculate the number of triangles in the given figure-

  1. 12
  2. 22
  3. 18 
  4. 26

Solution: Let us begin by labelling the image like- 

  • The simplest triangles are AHB, GHI, BJC, GFE, GIE, IJE, CEJ and CDE i.e. 8 in number.
  • The triangles composed of two components each are HEG, BEC, HBE, JGE and ICE i.e. 5 in number.
  • The triangles composed of three components each are FHE, GCE and BED i.e. 3 in number.
  • There is only one triangle i.e. AGC is composed of four components.
  • There is only one triangle i.e. AFD is composed of nine components.
  • Thus, there are 8 + 5 + 3 + 1 + 1 = 18 triangles in the given figure.

Answer: C Part

Q. Which block will come next in the sequence- 


  • The first is the number of sides the shape has, which decreases by one every time.
  • The second is the number of dots inside the shape which is one less than the number of sides the shape has.
  • The correct answer to this question, therefore, is A.

Answer: Part A

Q. Priest: Do you speak to the devil and follow his biddings?
Parishioner: Yes.
Priest: You must be lying. Nobody who is in league with the devil tells the truth.

Why can the priest’s behavior be considered paradoxical?

  1. He accused the parishioner of being in league with the devil, but he later changed his story. 
  2. He relied upon the answer of the parishioner in order to reject his response. 
  3. His behavior was entirely within accordance with religious law, but he was accusing the parishioner of violating that law. 
  4. While he is questioning the parishioner about possible association with the devil, he doesn’t actually believe in such a thing. 
  5. He was the one who asked the question, but he refused to accept the answer.

Solution: The answer is B. The paradox is the priest using the parishioner’s answer as a criterion for judging itself! He did not later change his accusation (A). Following/violating religious law (C) is irrelevant. There is no reason to think the priest doesn’t believe in the devil (D). The questioner rejecting the answer (E) is not necessarily paradoxical if he doesn’t like the answer. (This reflects the familiar conundrum: “Are you lying?” “Yes.” “Then you must be telling the truth…”).

Also Read: Solve Circular Seating Arrangement Questions

Analytical Reasoning: Practice Questions

It is important that students practice as many types of analytical reasoning questions as possible to be comfortable when solving different patterns followed by exam setting committees. Here are a few examples:

Answer the following questions based on the information given in the passage.

Expense in the school sports committee must be reduced in five of the eight areas, namely, E,F,G,H,I,J, K and L under a few conditions:

  • Reductions in both E and J lead to a reduction in K.
  • If H is reduced, then neither I nor J are reduced.
  • F is not reduced when I is reduced.
  • Out of F, G and I, only two are reduced.
  1. If both G and J are reduced, choose a pair of areas which is not reduced.
  1. E & F
  2. E & H
  3. F & H
  4. F & I
  5. I & K

Answer: 3. F & H

March is introduced by April as the son of the only brother of his father’s wife. How is April related to March?

  1. Son
  2. Brother
  3. Son-in-Law
  4. Uncle
  5. Cousin

Answer: Cousin

From the given statements, choose the conclusions which logically follow:


  1. All chips are computers.
  2. No computer is a mobile.
  3. All mobiles are tablets.


  1. No tablet is a chip.
  2. Some tablets are chips.


  1. Only conclusion A follows.
  2. Only conclusion B follows.
  3. Either conclusion A or B follows.
  4. Neither conclusion A nor B follows.
  5. Both conclusion A and B follow.

Answer:1. Only Conclusion A follows. 

Related Articles: Mensuration Formulas

Tips and Tricks to Solve Analytical Reasoning Questions

Courtesy: wifistudy

Reference Books

To make your job easier, we have curated a list of trusted books on analytical reasoning that are considered no less than essentials by coaching centers as well as successful candidates. Further, many books also have practice tests that serve as a crucial way of testing your knowledge in a virtual exam environment. 

A Modern Approach to Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning (2019-20 Session)R.S. Aggarwal [S.Chand]Buy Here
A New Approach to REASONING Verbal & Non-VerbalB.S. Sijwali and Indu Sijwali [Arihant]Buy Here
Analytical Reasoning (2018-2019) SessionMK Panday Buy Here
How to Crack Test Of ReasoningJaikishan and Premkishan [Arihant]Buy Here
Analytical & Logical Reasoning For CAT & Other Management Entrance TestsPeeyush Bhardwaj [Arihant]Buy Here
Logical and Analytical Reasoning (Useful for All Competitive Exams)
A.K.GuptaBuy Here
Logical Reasoning, Analytical Ability & GMA CSAT Paper IISanjeev Joon & R.A.SharmaBuy Here
Shortcuts in Reasoning (Verbal, Non-Verbal, Analytical & Critical) for Competitive ExamsDisha ExpertsBuy Here

Looking for exam patterns? Then read: CAPF Exam Pattern, NDA Exam Pattern, CDS Exam Pattern

An important success mantra the aspirants must follow during their preparation phase is that a carefully-made study plan that accentuates your skills and abilities is vital to crack analytical reasoning or other sections in competitive examinations. This not only helps you play to your strengths but also highlights the areas where a little more effort and practice is required. Consult the experts at Leverage Edu in a 30 minutes free counselling session who can guide you in preparing a personalized strategy, thereby, assisting you in sailing through your exam with flying colors.

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