Italy is a land of great cuisines, renaissance period, cultural heritage, fashion, and entertainment but only a few people are aware that it offers quality education. Italy has also played a vital role in shaping European higher education. Through the Bologna process, Italy has been at the forefront of the education system and build a strong career in the country which makes it an ideal study abroad destination. When you study in Italy you don’t have to worry about affordability because the cost of study and living are both available at a low cost. These universities in Italy are not only popular for their undergraduate and MS courses but are also known for their comprehensive Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) courses. Let’s explore everything you need to know about PhD in Italy.
|Oldest University||University of Bologna (1088)|
|Typical fees||€900-4,000 (INR 77856- 346027)|
|PhD Length||3-4 years|
|Academic Year||October to September|
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Why Study in Italy?
- Italy is home to several historical and prestigious higher education institutions, including the University of Bologna, the oldest continuously functioning university in the West. Diverse and multicultural in nature, these universities are strong participants in international research programmes and initiatives, like the EUA and IAU, as well as regional partnerships.
- Italian influence has also undoubtedly shaped the profile of western civilisation throughout the ages with contributions to the fields of art, architecture and sciences, spawning some remarkable and world-famous individuals such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo, Michaelangelo, Columbus and more.
- Italian universities are highly reputable and maintain strong connections with other universities across Europe and the rest of the world. Their educational excellence, student mobility principles and research networks have been attracting increasing numbers of PhD students in recent years.
From fashion to education you can pursue PhD in Italy in the specialization you desire. Here are some of the popular PhD in Italy specializations:
- Science and Technology
- Art and Design
- Social Studies
Also Read: Universities In Italy
As mentioned before, Italy is the home to the Bologna Process, which organises different levels of study into a three-cycle system, with the third cycle being equivalent to the British PhD qualification. Some universities also offer collaborative doctorates with modules and programmes organised in partnership with foreign universities (an international doctorate) or industries (an industrial doctorate), although the institution issuing the qualification will be the institution of enrolment.
There are two types of PhDs available :
1- The Dottorato (PhD) – Awarded by universities
2- Diploma Accademico di Formazione Alla Ricerca (Research Academic Diploma)- Obtained at one of the High-Level Arts and Music Education Institutions (Afams)
While studying PhD in Italy, each year will be divided into two semesters with a teaching period and an examination period,
|Second||March-May||June – July|
*This is a sample overview of how the functioning of the year, as a fully enrolled PhD student in Italy, one’s work schedule is likely to differ from the above due to any programme-related obligations, training or modules. The usual length of a PhD study is 3 to 4 years, varying on the basis of the institution and the course structure.
One’s PhD programme can vary from university to university, and from course to course. Normally, studying for a PhD in Italy, the process consists mainly of original research work, with some taught courses in the first year. You may also be expected or even invited to take part in tutoring and teaching sessions during your PhD, with these activities limited to 40 hours per week. At the end of the course, you will be expected to have written a doctoral thesis in accordance with your department’s requirements
Also Read: MBA in Italy
Cost of Study
The cost of pursuing a doctorate in Italy are low in comparison to other European countries and overall possess no difference between students of different nationalities in the terms of fees. The tuition fee in state universities can range from 900 – 4,000 Euros (77,718 – 3,45,414 INR), although annual enrolment in some institutions can be as low as 150 Euros(12,963.74 INR). In the case of private universities, the average fee can range from 6000 to 20,000 Euros (5,18,549-17,28,498 INR).
- Hold a second-cycle qualification (Laurea Magistrale) or equivalent
- Obtain academic recognition of their diploma. It’s recommended to contact your university of choice before you apply and ask them for a prior assessment of your eligibility.
- For students who aren’t residents of Italy, the application and documents must be submitted to the Italian diplomatic representative in their country of residence (i.e. the Embassy of Italy in New Delhi)
With descent into a new land comes contact with a new language. While pursuing a PhD in Italy, you will come across a number of programmes in two languages- Italian and English. Top universities in the country offer over 500+ English taught programmes at every entry-level. If you choose to study in Italian, you need to score a good percentage in recognised tests, which are CILS AND CELI. You will be required to take the IELTS examination to prove your proficiency in English.
Top Universities for PhD in Italy
|Universities||THE Ranking 2021|
|University of Bologna||167|
|Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies – Pisa||170|
|Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa||181|
|Sapienza University of Rome||201|
|University of Padua||251|
|Vita-Salute San Raffaele University||251|
|University of Trento||301|
|University of Milan||351|
|University of Milan – Bicocca||351|
Also Read: MBBS in Italy
In order to be accepted on a PhD course, you will need to pass a competitive application process, which is available to both resident and international students who have obtained their qualifications outside of Italy. This process is usually online
Each institution establishes the parameters of the course they offer, including the eligibility criteria, regulations, assessment, research goals and fees. This information will be included along with the advertised project or competition call.
- Academic documentation like certificates (which you need to have acquired recognition for), academic transcript and CV
- Academic References– Reference letters are usually required from one or two academics who have worked with you
- Letter of Motivation / personal Statement– This document will need to outline your motivation for applying, your goals and why you believe to be suitable for the programme
- Research Proposal – You may be required to submit a research proposal even if you are applying for a particular project
- Language certificate
- As part of your application, you may also need to submit a relevant portfolio and list of publications (if any)
Scholarships are awarded to students by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Corporation. Indian students can avail themselves of government scholarships at national and regional levels.
- Italian Government Scholarships for Foreign Students – Scholarships are offered to Italian and international students pursuing a Master’s Degree, Higher Education in Arts, Music, and Dance, Research, PhD. , and Language and Italian cultural courses. It amounts to 900 Euros per month for the duration of the study
- EDISU Piemonte Scholarships – Meritorious students pursuing Bachelor’s degree, Masters, Ph.D., at one of the Universities of Piedmont.
- Università Cattolica International Scholarships – A 30 per cent deduction is awarded by the UCSC to international students
- Scuola Normale Superiore PhD Scholarships – PhD scholarships issued to 78 international students.
- Scholarships from universities – Many institutions award scholarships based on academic merit, with sums ranging from 12,000 to 20,000 Euros per year.
Student graduates from the Universities of Italy enjoy favourable employment both in Europe and around the globe. 16 Italian Universities are ranked in the top 300 of the QS Ranking for Employability; credited to the active participation of the state in maintaining the quality of education. Graduates from the field of Medicine have the highest employability, followed by Engineering – the IT industry has the highest number of jobs. Economics, biology, pharmaceutical chemistry, are other sciences that appear attractive in the Italian employment market. International Students can apply for a temporary stay permit(valid for a span of 6 to 12 months) following the completion of their PhD in Italy and utilise this time period to find a job in their field of qualification with a company that is interested in your skillset and willing to accept foreign employees. Once a job offer has been secured, one can apply for an EU Blue Card which you should be able to obtain if your annual salary is of sufficient amount. This will allow you to live and work in Italy on a longer-term basis. There’s no doubt that Italy is a remarkable country, be it in terms of being a tourist attraction as it houses the largest amount of UNESCO world heritage sites or in terms of the education sector, the country that gave birth to the well-known Roman Empire still is very influential in the various walks of life.
Pursuing a PhD in Italy will not only be a thrilling and enriching experience but will also pave the way for wonderful opportunities. Are you ready to pursue your PhD in Italy? Contact our Leverage Edu experts today and book your FREE 30-minute counselling session.