‘Cinematography is writing with images in movement and with sounds’- Robert Bresson. Cinematography has one of the most important roles in the making of a film. Often referred to as the Director of Photography (DoP), a Cinematographer is responsible for the artistic and technical quality of the shots during any shoot. Pursuing this popular career in filmmaking, you will be making various decisions regarding the use of cameras and lenses as well as crafting a particular shot to lighting and camera positions. If you have the creative eye to turn even the simplest of stories into a visually appealing film, then this career is perfect for you! Here’s a complete guide on how to become a cinematographer, from the education needed to qualifications, skills, salary outlook and more!
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What does a Cinematographer Do?
A cinematographer works hand-in-hand with the director to decide the composition of the scene on-shoot & off-shoot. The visual impact of the overall film or any shot is decided through the work of the Director of Photography. In simple words, the job of a cinematographer is to bring a story from a script to life on the screen. For those planning to become a Cinematographer, technical training in terms of camera, lighting and film direction is necessary. If you think that you have a sense of observation and an artistic vision that can make your audience engage and relate with your work, then get ready for an exciting dive into the world of cinematography as we move forward with this blog.
A good cinematographer needs to steadily work through obstacles. The profession itself demands a huge chunk of experience and practice. Unless you are a prodigy, you will have to go through the general hierarchy: working as a trainee, then comes handling camera jobs, assistant operators is next, and finally your director of photography. To become a successful cinematographer, there are certain skills and qualities you need to master.
Must-Have Skills to Become a Cinematographer
- Imaginative: The bread and butter in terms of qualities for a cinematographer. You have to combine your technical skills with honed creativity and imagination at all stages.
- Rigorous: As a cinematographer, you have to meet a lot of expectations at every stage and work to provide demanding answers from the director.
- Meticulous: Juggling with tight budgets and deadlines comes ingrained in the profession. Coordinating between multiple facets and trades within an organization is as important as any other skill.
- Selection of shooting equipment and lighting equipment appropriately according to the requirement for a shot or the whole shoot.
- Identifying the composition and characteristics based on the scenario in place.
- Establishing the components in the scene and placement of lighting.
- Installing the equipment for a specific location.
- How to adjust cameras
- Fix technical mistakes with the recordings or the shoot
- Planning meticulously for the shoot
- Learn basic maintenance and repairs for the equipment
- Coordinating with multiple teams and facets of production
Thus, to become a Cinematographer, here are the central technical skills you must master:
- Camera Usage
- Procedure for equipment mounting techniques
- Audio-visual technology types and products
- Camera basics for tripod-based, portable cameras and on crane cameras
- Composition, Lighting, and Optical Skills
- Learn the types and uses of Lighting
- Characteristics of other lighting equipment as well as shooting equipment
- Mechanical shooting equipment (remote controlled and automated)
- Video editing, VFX, and creation software.
How to Become a Cinematographer After 12th
Students interested in pursuing cinematography after graduation can take up various diploma courses or bachelor’s courses in cinematography, photography, or filmmaking. Good photography skills and a passion for direction are the two most important skills required for learning cinematography. The minimum eligibility criteria for cinematography after 12th is 50-60% in 12th boards from any stream.
Pursuing Cinematography Courses
Studying a degree in this field is the first step you need to take to fulfil your dream of becoming a Cinematographer. Cinematography courses will familiarise you with camera composition, filmmaking, the ever-evolving film technologies, range of visual effects, to name a few. Alongside, it is essential that you keep yourself in touch with innovations in your field and not lag behind other individuals. Understand that the film industry like every other art industry is unreliable and poses risk. Even though self-learning skills are on the rise, there is no substitute for a formal education especially in a technical field such as this.
When it comes to Cinematography courses, you can explore a wide range of diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate programs. Here is the list of most popular cinematography courses:
- Diploma in Cinematography
- Diploma in Animation
- Diploma in Creative Media Production
- Film Production Diploma
- Diploma in Digital Film and Video
- Diploma in Digital Filmmaking
- Screenwriting Diploma
- Diploma in Digital Filmmaking
- Bachelor’s in Cinematography
- BA in Film and Media Production
- Bachelor of Mass Media (BMM)
- Bachelor’s in Film and Television Production
- Bachelor of Applied Arts in Film and Media Production
- Bachelor of Fine Arts – Major in Film
- BA in Film and Media Production
- Bachelor of Film, Television, and Animation
- BA in Film Production
- Bachelor of Creative Media in Screen Production
- BFA in Motion Picture Arts
- Bachelor in Film Production and Cinematography
- Master’s in Film and Television
- Master of Moving Image
- Master of Screen Studies
- MA in Filmmaking
- MA in Cinematography
- Master’s in Digital Film and Television Production
Eligibility Criteria for Cinematography
Students from any stream or career orientation can apply for cinematography courses. Students with a passion for photography, lighting, and cinematography can opt for this career and excel. The minimum requirement for bachelor and diploma courses is 50% in 12th boards and a portfolio for master’s courses.
- Students have to pass their 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized board for a diploma or a bachelor’s degree.
- If you are planning to study any of these programs abroad, you will have to provide language proficiency scores of IELTS/TOEFL/PTE along with an SOP with LOR for foreign universities.
Top Film Schools
Going to a Film School is an essential step in your journey towards becoming a Cinematographer. A film school will help you gain the requisite technical knowledge as well as industry exposure. We get how hard it is to decide on a perfect film school for you and that’s why we’ve combined a list of top film schools for you. Here are the top film schools in the world:
- American Film Institute
- New York University, Tisch School of the Arts
- Los Angeles Film School
- Vancouver Film School
- London Film School
- Concordia University
- Sydney Film School
- National Film and Television School
- Norwegian Film School
- Beijing Film Academy
- Lodz Film School
Top Film Schools in India
- Film and Television Institute of India
- Whistling Woods International
- Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute
- Asian Academy of Film and Television
- The ICE Institute
- Center for Research in Art of Film and Television
Job Outlook & Salary
The scope of cinematography is infinite and It is safe to say that the need of cinematographers is only increasing with time and there is no better time to start than now. Once you have completed a degree, you need to explore as many internship opportunities as possible. Cultivate and establish good relationships & you might see the results of it almost instantaneously. Volunteer for small projects because that is how you gain experience and in this field, the only experience will help you to get your desired pay.
The salary of a Cinematographer in India is depends on the expertise and the project they are working. As an entry-level cinematographer, you can earn a good salary of around 80,000 INR-90,000 INR and with more experience, you can expect better packages of 3 Lakhs to 12 Lakhs.
Thus, the process of how to become a cinematographer is not about just steps but rather needs hard work and dedication as you need to perfect your cinematography skills along with work on visual storytelling. Want to study Cinematography and Filmmaking? Let our Leverage Edu guide you in choosing the best course and university to actualise your career aspirations! Sign up for a free session with us today!