Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering

6 minute read
Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering

If you are interested in pursuing a career as an engineer and have an interest in working with machines then exploring this course will help you in establishing a career in this field.  Electronics and instrumentation engineering looks at the designing, manufacturing and operating of measuring instruments that are used in various industries. It is a specialized course that acts as a bridge between instrumentation and electronic technology. In this blog, you’ll find everything related to Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering ranging from colleges to the scope of the course and more.


Course LevelUndergraduate Course
Full-FormBachelor of Technology in Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering
Duration4 years
EligibilityCandidates should have passed the 10+2 examination with at least 50% marks in the science stream (PCM) from a recognized board.
Admission ProcessMerit-Based/ Entrance Examination
Course FeeINR 1,00,000 – INR 12,00,000
Average SalaryINR 2,00,000 – 10,00,000
Top Recruiting CompaniesBHEL, BEL, NTPC, ONGC, DRDO, ISRO, HAL, GE, L&T, Honeywell, Allen-Bradley, Cairn India, Siemens, Cognizant, Wipro, Accenture, Amazon, Infosys
Job PositionsInstrumentation Engineer, Electronics Engineer, Instrumentation and Control Technician, Automation Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, etc.

What is Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering?

Applied Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering is a high-level engineering discipline that deals with the application of existing or known scientific knowledge in electronics, instrumentation, measurements, and control for any process, practical calibration of instruments, process automation, and so on. It combines Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering. This is an industry-oriented engineering branch that requires more knowledge and experience in industrial applications to succeed. Many universities in India have implemented the course. Many universities offer various courses such as Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering, Instrumentation Engineering, and so on.

This branch is industry oriented and mainly looks at the production, management, and testing of already existing devices or the production of new devices. Apart from industrial instruments this field also explores other areas like bio-medical instruments and robotics.

Key Elements of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering

There are certain subjects that are fundamental to electronics and instrumentation engineering, some of the key aspects of this course are :

Physics and Mathematics in Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering: In order to have a basic idea of how a device works one needs to know the physics behind it and how the calculations of the same device function. Hence a basic idea about calculus and physics is necessary and one needs to be interested in these subjects.

Basics of Electronics in Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering: In order to design and work on machines and other heavy devices, one should have a knowledge of how various circuits work and the theory behind electrical energy and its conversion. Electronics then functions as the foundation of this course.

Industrial Instrumentation in Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering: Industrial instrumentation involves controlling, and devising all physical quantities of industrial equipment, utilising and working with units like voltage, fluid pressure, temperature, and other such physical measurements and units.

Computer Programming in Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering: Computer programming is one of the key elements of this course because of the way it engages with both instruments and electronic devices. A basic understanding of computer programming and computer languages becomes necessary in order to explore the functions of various instruments and devices. 

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Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering are given below:

For UG level

  • Candidates must have completed their 12th grade with a minimum grade point average of 50%.
  • During their 12th year, the students must have studied physics, chemistry, and mathematics.
  • To offer admission, certain top colleges hold separate entrance exams.

For PG level

  • Students with first-class (60%) marks in their bachelor’s degree in the relevant field (B.Tech/B.E/AME) or (ECE/EIE/MSc) in electronics are eligible.
  • Students who meet the aforementioned criteria and have the required GATE score are also admitted to the course.

Entrance Exams for Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering

The following are the entrance exams that students to take to get admission in Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering in India:

  • JEE Main
  • JEE Advanced
  • CET (Common Entrance Test)
  • UPESEAT (University of Petroleum and Energy Studies Engineering Aptitude Test)
  • SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Examination)
  • WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Exam)
  • TNEA (Tamil Nadu Engineering Admission exam)

Job Prospects and Salary

With a rigorous course plan and a diverse curriculum, this course prepares one to face the day-to-day challenges of the industry. A degree in electronics and instrumentation engineering also comes with ample career opportunities, some of the job roles you can consider are:

Job ProfileAverage SalaryDescription
Instrument Designer₹ 7.8 LakhsDesigns prototypes, does troubleshooting, testing and installing. Assists in the creation and development of instruments.
Instrument Operator₹ 3 LakhsAdjusts and operates instruments. Make sketches and enter data into systems.
Instrument Engineer₹ 4.1 LakhsThey design, develop, install and maintain equipment. Makes sure that the machines work effectively and efficiently
Senior Instrument Technician₹ 4.3 LakhsResponsible for all instrumentation and safe operation. Discusses progress on work.
Instrument Inspector₹ 14.4 LakhsChecks the installation of instruments and examine their functions.
Instrument Commissioning Engineering₹ 6.8 LakhsEnsures that the equipment works based on the specification required. Creates and carries out test procedures.
Procurement Manager₹ 11.5 LakhsEnsures cost-effective purchase of all materials and services as required by the plan. Ensures quality control according to the company’s policies and procedures.

Must Read: Career in Engineering Physics

Top Colleges for Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering

While there are numerous colleges that offer electronics and instrumentation engineering, here are the top colleges for a degree in electronics and instrumentation engineering:


CollegesQS Rankings 2023
Massachusetts Institute of Technology1
Stanford University3
Cambridge University2
Harvard University5


  • MIT Manipal
  • VIT Vellore
  • SRM University, Chennai
  • DSCE Bangalore
  • RVCE Bangalore

Future Scope of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering

Those interested in repairing machines, automating systems, and being creative can pursue a degree in Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering. Instrumentation Engineers find work in government and private companies after graduating. For freshers, a job in a multinational corporation can pay between Rs. 4-6 lakh. Instrumentation Engineering incorporates emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and robotics. This indicates that there are numerous opportunities in these upcoming technical domains.

Graduates of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering are responsible for the network quality and speed of the smartphones we use. In the medical field, the demand for instrumentation engineers has also increased. Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering professionals design high-quality medical equipment used by doctors. Because research and development units are eager to hire instrumentation engineers, they can find work in thermal power plants, steel plants, refineries, cement plants, and fertiliser plants on a permanent or contract basis, which is both attractive options.


Which branch is better ECE or EIE?

EIE focuses on instrumentation and process control, whereas ECE focuses on communication. ECE students can also be hired by software companies, but EIE students have fewer opportunities. ECE graduates are preferred by software companies because they are knowledgeable about electronic components and communication systems.

Is Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering a good career?

Instrumentation engineers are in high demand in the private sector as well. In the private sector, a skilled Instrumentation engineer with a solid understanding of operations and machinery controls is in high demand. In the private sector, the average salary for Instrumentation engineers ranges from INR 3,000,000 to INR 4,000,000.

Is EIE in demand?

Engineers in electronics and instrumentation have a bright future because they are needed in almost every industry for a variety of roles such as design, development, automation, monitoring, fabrication, inspection, quality control, and maintenance.

This course covers one of the biggest corporate as well as industrial structures in the world hence it provides one with ample opportunities to explore. This course will not only land you a well-paid job but will also give you exposure to your future prospects. It might be tricky to choose the best college and course for yourself but the counsellors at Leverage Edu can guide you step by step through the entire process. 

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