Difference between CV and Resume

Difference between CV and Resume - Leverage Edu
Know the difference between CV and Resume – Leverage Edu

Have you ever wondered why some companies ask for Resume and the others ask for a CV? Have you been using both of them interchangeably? Well, many don’t know the difference between CV and resume. Most are confused about the usage of the two. While they generally settle down by using the same document, both certainly don’t indicate the same thing.

By the time you are done reading this article, you will be well-versed with the difference between CV and resume and their respective usage.


The difference between CV and Resume starts by discussing each individually. If we talk about the meaning of this French word, it says ‘to sum-up’. Hence, it is a short document ranging from 1-2 pages and includes the basic information and work history in brief. Its objective is to make the candidate stand out of the competition. It is a highly customizable document and can be tailored according to the needs and demands of a specific post. It doesn’t necessarily have to be chronologically ordered and does not have to cover your whole professional experiences.

The term Resume is popularised by companies based in the US. A resume is generally requested by the organization based out of Canada or the USA when applying for a job.

What Makes a Resume Different than a CV

1. Contact Details

This is the very basic that is required to contact a person. It is usually situated at the top of the document and includes details such as Name, Email ID, Contact Number, and Adress. You do not need to mention your exact address but do mention the area for the employer reference.

2. Objective (optional)

This refers to a general statement outlining your goals and expectations. This may include the target industry, job profiles, and/or skills that you have or wish to acquire.

3. Education

A brief of your latest educational background with key results and activities. Mention specializations and final GPA, especially if you are a fresher.

4. Work Experience

This should clearly mention all the Job Profile, Responsibilities, Duration, and key achievements. Be precise and only jot down relevant experiences and activities. 

5. Skills

For a resume try to list some relevant skills that align with the job that you are applying for. This includes skills that you have a certification for and has some advanced knowledge of the same.

6. Interests and Hobbies (Optional)

This is an optional but highly recommended. Well constructed hobbies that are relevant to the JD add an edge to your application. Hobbies for Resume are customizable and reflect that side of an applicant that is evaluated for the organizational culture and atmosphere. Choose your hobbies wisely. 

CV or Curriculum Vitae

This Latin word means ‘course of life’, and correspondingly it is an in-depth document which can spread across multiple pages. Education and Achievement are the most relevant heads. The difference between a CV and Resume comes from the fact that it is mandatory to arrange the content of a CV in chronological order. At the same time, CV is static, and one doesn’t change it with positions. A CV does not come with a page limit. It can be a two-page document or a ten-page document. The length of a CV is based on the experience of a person and is not modified as per the job description or purpose. 

What Makes a CV Different from a Resume

For those of you who are still confused about what to include and what not to, the difference between a Resume and CV is due to the following parameters. Make sure to go through a set format only.

1. Contact Details and a Brief Biography

This mentions the Name, Email, Adress or Area, and phone number. A biography can include snippets of family background and other relevant information.

2. Educational Qualifications

This should include all relevant qualifications. This means the details from High School to the latest level [For Eg. Bachelors, Post Graduate, P.Hd.] Mention Final Grade, Clubs and Activities along with the passing year and Specialisation. You can also include subjects studied.

3. Work History

This should clearly mention all of the past positions that you’ve been employed in along with the company, period, responsibilities, achievements, projects, and year of employment.

4. Achievements

These can include personal achievements and professional ones as well which are not mentioned in the employment section. This is a section that establishes you as a leader or a person who is responsible. It highlights your traits as an achiever or someone who takes an initiative which is desirable by any organization. The difference between CV and Resume comes in this section as a Resume may or may not portray you as someone with a go-getter attitude.  

5. Positions of Responsibility

This a point of difference between CV and Resume. A Resume has no clear sub-heading where you can mention key positions of responsibilities. You have to add all the positions that are meaningful and display your skills as a leader. This can be in a professional setting, personal setting, or community service. 

6. Professional Courses or Training

This section reflects the different skills that you have acquired through external training and courses. There may be some key skills that are mandatory for a job profile and a professional course in the said skill will improve your profile and selection changes.

7. Research or Lab Experience

This section is relevant to those applying for a job that is technical or scientific in nature. Hands-on experience is always an advantage and recruiters are looking for candidates with relevant practical experience.

8. Skills

This refers to all the soft and social skills that you possess. Unlike a resume, you don’t have to filter only relevant skills. But it is recommended that you list out your skills in an order that goes from most relevant to least relevant.

9. Certifications

These include certification courses from an independent organization. These can pertain to some software, training, or theories and practice of popular theories that are employed in the organization. For Eg. Six Sigma Training, Photoshop, SQL, Python, Advanced Excel, etc.

10. Scholarships or Fellowships

A scholarship or fellowship indicate a personal achievement. This indicates that some external company or college saw something of value in you and your application and reassures your qualities and capabilities. 

11. International Experiences

This section indicates Summer School Experience, International Conferences and Programs. You can also include the events that you might have applied to and got selected in, provided they are exclusive events organized by world-recognized associations like WHO, IMF, and likes.

12. Publications

This section includes the papers, articles, and research findings that are published in national and international journals. Do stick to the proper format of mentioning the publication. 

Format:Author: First Name, Last Name. Name of the Paper. Name of the Journal/Website/Magazine. Year Publishes; Volume Number: Page Number.

13. Awards and Honours

This includes awards and honors that are awarded for personal, professional, and community achievements. Office achievements can be included in this section as well but try to focus on other achievements that are not in relation to your corporate job.

12. References

Try including 2-3 references for the employer. These can include past manager, teacher, or anyone who has personally worked for you and vouch for your work ethic and personality. Try including superiors from various previous organizations and not just the latest one. Do give a heads up to the reference mentioned that they can expect a call sometime soon.

13. Hobbies, Interests, and ECAs

Hobbies for a CV are a little different from Hobbies for Resume. The difference between CV and Resume arises from the fact that a CV is a detailed documentation of your work-experience but for the section of Hobbies and ECA, it does not have any set parameters. It is recommended you include hobbies that align with the job description and highlight traits that are not mentioned above.

The Difference between CV and Resume

The major difference between CV and Resume is the length, layout, and purpose. 


The first difference between CV and Resume is the LENGTH. Ideally, people write a one-page resume. Actually, there is an upper limit of two pages. While there is no predetermined length of a CV, it can range from two to even a double-digit page count.


Another important difference between CV and Resume is the LAYOUT of these documents. Resumes normally start with the candidate’s contact information and a career objective, proceeded by the education and experience section. In the end, there’s a skills section plus any section that the candidate needs. (Remember to tailor your resume according to the job you are applying for). On the other hand, a CV does not have any fixed layout. However, it should include education, work experience, publications, skills, interests, and awards. In conclusion, there should be a detailed description of as many relevant past jobs and achievements as you have. It is practice to tailor the layout of the resume according to the requirements whereas a CV has a predetermined format that is widely accepted across the globe.


The purpose of the documents is another point that determines the difference between CV and Resume. A Resume is generally made to apply to various universities and institution for academic purposes whereas a CV is usually used to apply to various job positions. However, there might be a case that you apply with a Resume first in the preliminary round as the recruiters get many applications and they only glance to thin out the crowd.

These may be the points to keep in mind and we’re sure you are now well versed of what is the difference between CV and Resume. But it is equally important to display the information is a correct form that is optimized to get the maximum attention and leave a mark. A capturing CV or Resume is the ultimate goal. We at Leverage Edu provide assistance to revamp your resume so that it stands out and helps you land on your dream college and job. You can ping us up at +91 8826200293 and we’ll make sure you have an awesome career!

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