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Difference Between Counselling and Guidance

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Counseling and Guidance

Have you ever been trapped in a situation where you had no idea how to get out? Ever felt the need for someone’s help or guidance when making a decision? Have you ever wished that your life had a guiding light? Let’s face it. Everyone, from all walks of life, needs help or direction at some point to make better decisions. In this blog, we’ll go over two essential psychological ideas that can help people understand human nature and its multiple aspects, allowing them to make better decisions. Continue reading to learn more about the difference between counselling and guidance in detail.

Overview: Guidance And Counselling

Psychology is the study of human behaviour and thought. Its goal is to investigate the reasons for individual behaviour and thinking. Within psychology, two important concepts are sometimes overlooked: guidance and counselling.

Both of these concepts seek to identify answers to problems and enhance human growth. Learning the differences between guidance and counselling will help you choose the best solution for your situation.

Must Read: What is Educational Counselling and Why Do You Need It?

Must Read: Difference Between Coaching and Mentoring

Meaning: 

The term “counselling” refers to a talking therapy in which a person (the client) openly shares their problems and emotions with the counsellor, who then offers advice or assists the client in resolving the issues. It seeks to examine topics that cause emotional distress or mental instability and make you feel uneasy, whether they are personal or socio-psychological problems. The counsellor modifies the client’s perspective to assist the client in making the best decision or selecting a course of action. 

The term “guidance” refers to the offering of ideas and suggestions on various topics by someone with more knowledge or authority. Guidance is an act of offering advice or help to persons, particularly students, on topics such as field of study selection, career choices, employment, or vocational preparation by someone with expertise or advanced knowledge in the relevant field. It consists of directing, overseeing, or guiding others towards a specified course of action.

Also Read: What is Career Counselling?

Source: Inculcate Learning

Objectives:

There are some major objectives of counselling and guidance. They are as follows.

  • Seeking guidance can help you avoid making bad decisions. For example, the skills of a financial professional can help you make the best investing decisions.
  • Similarly, a teacher can guide students to choose appropriate elective courses based on their performance or personal preferences.
  • Counselling, on the other hand, offers new perspectives on how to deal with difficult situations and takes a realistic and practicable approach.
  • A therapist provides constant assistance to avoid reoccurring problems, whereas a counsellor provides well-informed solutions to mental health concerns.

Must Read: Types of Guidance and Counselling: Benefits and Difference

Key Distinctions Between Counselling And Guidance:

Some of the key distinctions between counselling and guidance are as follows: 

  • Focus: The primary emphasis of guidance lies in prevention and overall growth, whereas counselling centres around remediation and problem-solving.
  • Purpose: Guidance aims to help individuals in decision-making and offering general guidance, whereas counselling provides specialized assistance and therapeutic support.
  • Setting: Guidance is typically conducted in group settings, while counselling is predominantly carried out on an individual basis.
  • Scope: Guidance focuses on addressing educational and career-related needs while counselling primarily addresses emotional and psychological concerns.
  • Delivery: Non-specialists can offer guidance, whereas counselling is typically delivered by trained professionals.
  • Approach: Guidance assists individuals in recognizing their strengths and provides information, whereas counselling concentrates on helping individuals overcome specific challenges.
  • Formality: Guidance tends to be less formal and lacks structure while counselling adheres to a more formal and structured approach.
  • Duration: Guidance is usually provided over a shorter period, whereas counselling may involve long-term therapeutic relationships.
  • Training: Basic training in providing information and advice is required for guidance, whereas counselling requires specialized training in therapeutic techniques.
Source: Prof. M.Thanga Darwin

After considering the points mentioned above, it is evident that guidance and counselling are two different concepts. The guidance focuses on providing solutions while counselling focuses on identifying problems, working through them, and ultimately resolving them. 

However, both processes aim to address the client’s issues, requiring active involvement from both the client and the expert.

Also Read: What is Career Guidance And Why Do You Need It?

FAQs

Q.1. What is the meaning of counselling?

Ans: The term “counselling” refers to a talking therapy in which a person (the client) openly shares their problems and emotions with the counsellor, who then offers advice or assists the client in resolving the issues. It seeks to examine topics that cause emotional distress or mental instability and make you feel uneasy, whether they are personal or socio-psychological problems. 

Q.2. What is the meaning of guidance?

Ans: The term “guidance” refers to the offering of ideas and suggestions on various topics by someone with more knowledge or authority. Guidance is an act of offering advice or help to persons, particularly students, on topics such as field of study selection, career choices, employment, or vocational preparation. It is primarily by someone with expertise or advanced knowledge in the relevant field.

Q.3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of guidance?

Ans: The advantage of guiding is that it helps individuals make informed choices about their education and career path, whereas the disadvantage is that there is a scarcity of suitably trained guidance experts in certain educational institutions.

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For more information on such informative content, visit our career counselling page and follow Leverage Edu

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