How to Pursue a Course in Civil Law?

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Law Courses After 12th

Being one of the most crucial branches of Law, Civil Law helps resolve non-criminal disputes with the defined procedures, set of rules, regulations, and judicial precedents. Civil Law is one of the best options if you want to start your professional career as a lawyer. Today, more than 60% of the world’s countries have some form of civil law. Hence, pursuing a course in Civil Law will bring a lucrative amount of opportunities in your professional career. Overall, qualifying as a civil lawyer may take up to 7 years. This might seem like a long time, but once you land your first job, you are likely to start reaping the benefits of all that hard work immediately.

What is Civil Law?

Civil law concentrates on the legal code and demands judges to function as fact-finders, determining whether a party has broken the law. Uncodified statutory law has been used to control vast sectors of social and economic life in all modern civil-law regimes. As many code-based legal systems increasingly rely on broad areas of non-codified “special legislation,” as well as the case and civil law of national and international courts, the influence and importance of classical codes have waned. With global economic activity and the expansion of international and supranational legal structures, civil laws will gain more influence. A civil code that seeks to harmonize classic civil-law codes with current legal advances can achieve an appropriate equilibrium. Civil attorneys are in high demand and have a lot of room to advance in their careers if they have the right knowledge and experience. The following article covers every aspect of the civil law course, including course costs, career opportunities, and predicted wages.

Top Reasons to Study Civil Law

Studying Civil Law is one of the most challenging decisions, as it may take years of academic toil to achieve success in this field. However, many opportunities are offered to anyone who decides to tow this path for developing the necessary skills. Here are the top reasons why pursuing Law can be one of the best decisions in your professional career:

  • A Civic Activist: Studying Civil Law will make you the forerunner of the usual constraints faced in society between states and individuals. From deterring exploitative behaviors to stopping unethical business practices, if you have an interest in social activism with the assistance of the Law, Civil Law is the right choice for you.
  • Peacekeeper: Working as a civil lawyer will engrave you with the tagline of being the peacemaker of the society for Civil Law plays an essential part in maintaining the delicate balance between freedom of expression and individual rights. 
  • A Humanitarian of Law: Civil Law is one of the most benevolent aspects of the Law. Civil Law allows plaintiffs to seek financial support from the other party as many do not have the financial resources to cover legal expenses.
  • A democratic diplomat: You can be the flagbearer of modern, democratic societies that values equality, justice, and individual freedom by sustaining a righteous decree. This can be achieved by utilizing Civil Law as a virtuous tool.

Branches of Civil Law

By default, civil laws are divided into four main categories based on which societal issues they are associated with. Below are the four main types of civil cases and corresponding civil law.

  • Contract Law – Contract Law deals with agreements between two or more parties, each obligated to hold up their portion of the agreement. 
  • Tort Law – Tort Law, is a branch of Civil Law concerned with personal injury and civil wrongdoing. These wrongdoings are done mainly by one person or entity to another, which results in injury or property damage, and frequently involves monetary compensation to the injured party. 
  • Property Law – Property Law, covers both personal and real property. This law is further categorized into trespass and conversion. Trespass refers to a defendant intentionally and physically interfering, and conversion refers to a defendant depriving a plaintiff of their personal property without the plaintiff’s consent. 
  • Family Law – Family Law, is the branch of Civil Law that deals with marriage, divorce, annulment, child custody, adoption, birth, child support, and any other family issues. This branch is unique as there is not necessarily a person who committed a civil wrong in their cases. Some newer areas under this category are same-sex marriage, artificial conception, surrogate motherhood, in vitro fertilization, and palimony.
branches civil law
Credits – Gustavo Mirabal Castro

Eligibility Criteria for Civil Law Course

While starting from the roots, undergraduate students can opt for five-year integrated LLB courses in Civil Law or a three-year LLB degree after graduation. Meanwhile, candidates willing to pursue higher studies can choose Law degrees such as LLM and Ph.D. in Law. There are majorly three types of degree courses in Civil Law-Integrated LLB, LLB, and LLM. Given below are the basic eligibility requirements prescribed by the majority of law schools.

Law Courses Duration Eligibility
Integrated LLB 5 Years Candidates should pass class 12 in any stream with a minimum of 45-50% marks
LLB 3 years Candidates should have a graduation degree in any discipline with 55% of minimum marks
LLM 2 years Candidates should have a graduation degree in law. A minimum of 24 months of experience is also demanded by some institutes and universities. 

Admission Process

The admission process for getting into civil law colleges mostly happens through entrance examinations. Several foreign universities also admit students on merit-basis for law courses that are internationally recognized. Given below are the popular undergraduate civil law entrance examinations.

  • AILET (All India Law Entrance Test)
  • CLAT (Common Law Admission Test)
  • LSAT India
  • ACLAT: Alliance Common Law Admission Test
  • ULSAT: UPES Law Studies Aptitude
  • DU LLB (Delhi University Bachelor of Legislative Law)
  • KLEE: Kerala Law Entrance Examination
  • ILSAT: ICFAI Law School Admission Test
  • AP LAWCET (Andhra Pradesh Common Law Entrance Test)

The most popular LLM entrance exams for Law admissions are:

  • CLAT PG
  • AILET PG
  • LSAT India PG

Civil Law Syllabus

The syllabus for the course study of Civil Law is an extensive framework of all the activities included in the law. The detailed syllabus for both LLB and LLM is mentioned in the table below.

LLB

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Labour Law Law of Evidence Civil Procedure Law
Family Law – 1 Arbitration Conciliation and Alternative Interpretation of Statuses
Criminal Law Human Rights and Evidence Law Legal Writing
Law of Contract – 1 Environmental Law Land Laws and other local laws
Optional Papers: Trust, women, and lawCriminologyInternational economic law Property law including the transfer of property act Administrative Laws
Family Law – 2 Jurisprudence Code of Criminal Procedure
Law of Tort and CPA Practical Training – Legal Aid Company Law
Constitutional Law Optional Papers: Comparative LawLaw of InsuranceConflicts of LawIntellectual Property Law Practical Training – Moot Courts
Professional Ethics Banking Laws and Negotiable Instruments Act 1881

LLM

  • What is Law? Civil vs. Criminal, International, Settling Disputes/Overview of Court System, Importance of Lawyers and Legal Profession
  • Constitutional Law/Free Speech
  • Other 1st Amendment Freedoms
  • Privacy, due process, abortion
  • Process of being arrested “juvenile offenders”
  • Rational Basis/Strict Scrutiny and example cases of discrimination
  • Parties and types of crimes against the person
  • Other types of Crimes
  • Torts/Civil Wrongs
  • Intentional Torts
  • Negligence
  • Strict Liability and Public Policy Review and Exam

Civil Law Courses Duration

Course  Duration
Integrated course after class 12  5 years
Undergraduate level LLB- 3-4 years
Postgraduate level  LLM- 2 years
Diploma level Only after graduation may you seek a civil law diploma. The course will last for one year.

Civil Law Books and Study Materials

Candidates can refer to these books for studying civil law:

Book Name  Author 
Civil Law, Bar Review Companion Andres D. Bautista, Marie Antonette, B. Quiogue
civil Law Reviewer Volume 1 by Elmer T. Rabuya
The Civil Law Tradition John Henry Merryman
Civil Procedure (Law School Legends Audio Series CD) Richard Freer

Entrance Examinations for Civil Law

Various forms of entrance tests are undertaken to determine the level a person is eligible to enter. For diploma programs, there are separate college or university-based admission examinations. In India, there are 17 National Law Universities (NLUs), and admission to them is granted through the CLAT test. Every college has its own admissions process. The following are some examples of frequent admission exams:

AILET  All India Law Entrance Test
AIBE  All India Bar Examination
AP LAWCET  Andhra Pradesh Law Common Entrance Test 
SAAT  Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University Admission Test 
LSAT  Law School Admission Test 
CUSAT  Cochin University of Science and Technology Common Admission Test BBA LLB

Fees and Expenses of the Civil law Course

The following are the tuition fees and college expenditures for law courses:

Diploma level For a one-year diploma, the costs range from Rs.5000 to Rs.25,000.
Undergraduate level It varies depending on the college. The undergraduate degree costs between Rs.22, 000 to Rs.2,00,000 in fees.
Postgraduate Students enrolled in the LLM civil law program must pay fees ranging from Rs.5000 to Rs.5,00,000 over the course of two years.

Scope of Civil Law in India and Abroad

India is a country governed by a constitution. Civil law makes a significant contribution to India’s judicial and legal systems. As a result, civil attorneys are in high demand in this nation. Family, tort, media, contract, administrative laws, and other aspects of civil law can all be followed in India. Due to the reliance on precedent in these areas, civil attorneys are becoming increasingly involved. The civil law and the code of civil processes define the jurisdiction of Indian civil courts (CPC). So, in India, learning civil law and pursuing a profession in it is highly beneficial.

Other countries, such as the United States, Singapore, Australia, France, and New Zealand, have established constitutional law. As a result, civil attorneys are in great demand in these nations as well. Civil attorneys in these nations handle important civil cases. They are endowed with the ability to use prudence. Civil law is a system of law that resolves conflicts between individuals and/or institutions in a neutral manner. As a result, civil law has a vast scope outside of the United States.

Careers in Civil Law

In-state civil courts, civil lawyers must present cases to jurors and judges. They might also operate in public or private sector companies to investigate official data. They can aid individuals, corporations, and organizations in comprehending laws and judgments. They can work in filing departments, for example, filing legal appeals in state and federal courts of appeals. They may play a role in resolving legal issues as negotiators. They are capable of drafting legal briefs. After graduating from a civil law school, many law students work for banks in credit departments, where their experience is highly sought for a case evaluation.

Civil Law Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Candidates who complete the course are qualified for the following career profiles in the field of law in India. Check out the list below for some of the most common sorts of civil lawyers and their functions.

Jobs Profiles 
Family Lawyer A family lawyer is in charge of matters involving family difficulties such as abuse, successions, alimony, family divisions, child custody, and so on. S/he assists clients in finding answers to such problems.
Divorce Lawyer He is in charge of resolving disagreements between couples. A divorce lawyer is also in charge of dividing assets between the parties and resolving child custody disputes.
Intellectual Property Lawyer He is in charge of situations involving intellectual and creative inventions. Patents, copyrights, trademarks, duplication, industrial design rights, and other concerns are among the responsibilities of the professional.

Top Recruiters

The following are some of the top civil law recruiters:

  • Luthra & Luthra
  • S & R Associates
  • Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co
  • Trilegal
  • Khaitan & Co
  • Desai & Diwanji
  • Platinum Partners
  • AZB & Partners
  • Nishith Desai Associates
  • Wadia Ghandy & Co
  • Talwar Thakore & Associates
  • Anand and Anand
  • J Sagar Associates
  • Economic Laws Practice
  • Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan

Average Salary

A civil lawyer’s annual salary might range from Rs. 4-5 lakhs. However, pay is mostly determined by the number of years of experience and degree of education. Civil attorneys might earn between Rs.5 and Rs.20 lakhs per year in the private sector.

Required Skill Set for Civil Law

Analytical skill Logical thinking and ability to stay unbiased
Research skill Verbal communication skills & Writing skill
Interpersonal skill Problem-solving skill

Top Colleges in India

India Today has listed some of the topmost universities and colleges that provide Law as a specialization as follows:

Ranking College City
1 National Law School of India University Bangalore
2 The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences Kolkata
3 National Law Institute University Bhopal Bhopal
4 Gujarat National Law University Gandhinagar
5 Symbiosis Law School Pune Pune
6 Hidyatulla National Law University Nava Raipur
7 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University Lucknow Lucknow
8 Faculty of Law Banaras Hindu University Varanasi
9 National Law University Odisha Cuttack
10 ILS Law College Pune Pune

Top 10 Universities for Civil Law Abroad

Most foreign universities have their own set of law entrance exams as law can vary from one country to another, such as LSAT, CLT, and LNAT. The admitted candidates are primarily chosen based on their entrance scores, academic qualifications, personal statement, and merit. According to QS World University Ranking, the following are the top 10 universities for studying Civil Law.

Ranking University Name Country
1 Harvard University United States
2 University of Oxford United Kingdom
3 University of Cambridge UK
4 Yale University US
5 Stanford University US
6 University of Melbourne Australia
7 London School of Economics and Political Science UK
8 University of California, Berkeley US
9 Columbia University US
10 New York University  US

Civil Law vs. Criminal Law

Credits – Wimble Don

Are you interested in building your career as a Civil Lawyer? There is a whopping scope for Law students in recent years. From being a Legal Adviser to a Social Worker, Civil Law has immense lucrative opportunities to become your professional career someday. For more information or expert assistance in finding the right course and colleges for your further studies, our team at Leverage Edu is ever ready to guide you through the process. Contact now for a free consultancy session.

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