What is the Full Form of OCD?

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The full form of OCD is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. It is a mental health disorder characterised by persistent, invasive thoughts (obsessions) and repetitious behaviours (compulsions) performed in response to these thoughts. Furthermore, OCD interferes with people’s daily life as well as is time-consuming. 

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What is the Cause of OCD?

The exact cause of OCD is not fully understood, however:

  • It is a result of a combination of genetic, neurological, behavioural, cognitive, and environmental factors. 
  • There is evidence to suggest that imbalances in neurotransmitters particularly serotonin have a role in the development of OCD. 
  • Additionally, a family history of the disorder may increase the likelihood of a person developing OCD. 
  • Stressful life events and trauma can also trigger or worsen symptoms in individuals.

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What are the Major Symptoms of OCD?

OCD manifests through a variety of symptoms with obsessions and compulsions at the forefront. There are other symptoms like:

  • Obsessions are unwanted and invasive thoughts, urges or images that induce substantial anxiety or distress. 
  • Common obsessions comprise fears of contamination, harming oneself or others, and a need for symmetry or order. 
  • On the other hand, compulsions are repetitive behaviours or mental acts performed to reduce the anxiety associated with the obsessions such as excessive handwashing, checking, counting, or repeating certain actions.

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What are the Stages of OCD?

OCD does not necessarily progress in distinct stages, but the severity and impact of symptoms can vary over time.

  • People with OCD often experience fluctuating levels of symptom severity. 
  • In some cases, the disorder may start in childhood or adolescence and persist into adulthood. 
  • The severity of symptoms can be influenced by factors such as stress, life changes, or other mental health conditions.

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