What is the Full Form of HFC?

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The full form of HFC is hydrofluorocarbons. They are a group of synthetic greenhouse gases that are most commonly found in air conditioners and refrigerators. Moreover, HFCs are extremely harmful to the environment as they play a major role in global warming. These gases have a high potential of trapping heat in the atmosphere as compared to other similar gases. 

Also Read: What is the Full Form of APF?

Structure of HFCs

Here is an overview of the structure of HFCs: 

  • This chemical compound contains both carbon and hydrogen atoms. 
  • HFCs are composed of a carbon-fluorine bond and a hydrogen-fluorine bond. 
  • The strong carbon-fluorine bond makes HFCs stable. 
  • On the other hand, the weak hydrogen-fluorine bond makes it volatile.

What is HFC Used For?

HCFs or hydrofluorocarbons are chemicals that are made up of carbon, hydrogen, and fluorine. The most common uses of HFCs are seen in:

  • Air conditioners
  • Refrigerators
  • Production of insulating foams
  • Propellants
  • Fire extinguishing systems
  • Aerosols 

Also Read: What is the HDFC Full Form?

Characteristics of HFCs

Here are the key characteristics of hydrofluorocarbons:

  • Unlike other greenhouse gases, HFCs are not waste products but are produced intentionally. 
  • They are generally released from multiple sources, especially from appliances that use them.  
  • HFCs were developed as a substitute for CFCs and HCFCs which were depleting the ozone layer.
  • They are chemically stable and non-flammable.
  • Some of them such as HFC-365mfc (1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane) become liquid at room temperature.
  • HFCs are generally also odorless and colorless. 
  • Once released, HFCs take less time to decompose in the atmosphere.
  • The average atmospheric lifetime of HFCs is about 14-15 years. 
  • HFC usage is rapidly increasing every year around the world, posing a threat to the environment. 
  • HFCs constitute around 2% of total greenhouse gases in the environment. 

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