What is the Capital City of Chhattisgarh?

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The Capital City of Chhatisgarh is Raipur. It was established as the Capital City in the year 2000 when Chhattisgarh was taken out of the state of Madhya Pradesh. Moreover, Raipur has since then become the state’s administrative and commercial hub. Additionally, Raipur is a city filled with history and thriving with modern energy. Read on to learn more about the Capital City of Chhattisgarh, Raipur. 

What is the History of Raipur?

Historical records suggest settlements in the Raipur as early as the 9th century AD. Moreover, the city came under the rule of many dynasties over the centuries, such as the Kalachuris, the Marathas, and finally the British Raj.

  • After India’s independence, Raipur became part of Madhya Pradesh
  • However, there was a growing demand for a separate state for the Chhattisgarhi people which led to the formation of Chhattisgarh in 2000, with Raipur as its capital. 
  • Furthermore, since then, the Capital City has seen a lot of development, therefore transforming into a major commercial and industrial centre.

Also Read: What is the Capital City of Mizoram?

Demography of Raipur

As of 2024, Raipur has a population of 15,00,000. However, Raipur draws people from different parts of India for educational and employment opportunities. 

  • The city maintains a fairly balanced male-to-female ratio which is 948 females per 1000 males. 
  • The literacy rate is 85.95%, which is also higher than the national average. 

Also Read: What Is The Capital City of Maharashtra?

Geography of Raipur

The Capital City of Chhattisgarh, Raipur is on the fertile plains with the Mahanadi River on the west. The city has a subtropical climate with separate seasons. 

  • Summers are from March to June and are hot and dry, with temperatures soaring up to 45°C. 
  • Monsoons are from July to September and bring some respite from the June heat. 
  • Winters are from December to February and are mild, with comfortable temperatures ranging from 10°C to 25°C.
  • The terrain surrounding Raipur is mostly flat, with a slight rise towards the east. 
  • The average elevation of the Capital City is around 300 meters or 984 feet above sea level. 
Raipur on the Map of India. Source: Google Maps

Economy of Raipur

As of 2020, Raipur’s GDP was 6,59,631 rupees per capita. Raipur is a contributor to Chhattisgarh’s economic development. Here are the fundamental sectors that are fueling Raipur’s economy:

  • Industry: Raipur is becoming a major industrial hub. Moreover, steel, cement, and power plants are substantial contributors to the city’s industrial aspect.
  • Service Sector: Raipur has a flourishing service sector which includes banking, finance, education, and healthcare. Additionally, this sector takes care of the growing needs of the population and attracts investments in commercial real estate.
  • Trade and Commerce: The city is also a commercial centre for Chhattisgarh as it has busy markets that have a vast range of products. 
  • Agriculture: Furthermore, even with the rise of industry and services, agriculture still has an important part in Raipur’s economy. The fertile plains that surround the city help with the cultivation of rice, pulses, and vegetables.

Also Read: What is the Capital City of Gujarat?

Culture of Raipur

Any place in the land of India has a vibrant culture that has been carried forward by the people. Let us now take a look at the culture thriving in the Capital City of Chhattisgarh. 

  • Raipur comes alive during these festivals throughout the year.
    • Hareli Festival: This festival is celebrated during the monsoon season and it marks the beginning of the agricultural season. Moreover, farmers offer prayers for a good harvest, and traditional dances and music fill the air.
Hareli Festival in Raipur
Hareli Festival in Raipur. Source: Trips N Trippers 

  • Chhath Puja: This is a four-day festival that is dedicated to the Sun God Surya. In addition, devotees have rigid fasts and offer prayers at sunrise and sunset on the banks of rivers or ponds.
Chhath Puja in Raipur
Chhath Puja in Raipur. Source: TheRuralPress

  • Bastar Dussehra: This is held in the nearby Bastar region and is a ten-day festival which shows the rich tribal culture of Chhattisgarh. There are elaborate rituals, lively dance performances, and a display of traditional attire all of which creates a mesmerising extravaganza.
Bastar Dussehra in Raipur
Bastar Dussehra in Raipur. Source: Medium

  • Raipuri cuisine also has food with locally sourced ingredients. You can expect dishes that have rice, lentils, seasonal vegetables, and a touch of spice.
    • Bhuna Gosht: It is a slow-cooked mutton curry which is flavoured with aromatic spices.
    • Aamchoor Chutney: This is a tangy and spicy chutney made from dried mango powder.
    • Lethaa (Flattened Rice): Moreover, it is a versatile dish enjoyed during breakfast or as a light meal.
  • Arts and Crafts: Chhattisgarh has bell metal utensils, intricate wood carvings, and colourful textiles which are just some of the popular crafts you can find in local markets.

Facts about Raipur 

Additionally, here are some unique facts about Raipur that will send you packing off to Chhattisgarh! 

  • Historically, Chhattisgarh which also includes Raipur, was known for its elephant population. However, the elephant numbers have dwindled but elephants still have an important place in the state’s cultural heritage. You will be able to witness this via depictions of elephants that can be found in temples and artwork.
  • Raipur also has a suitable place for exploring the natural beauty of Chhattisgarh. Moreover, places like Chitrakote Falls also known as the Niagara of India, and the lush greenery of Tadoba National Park are quieter than the city.
Chitrakote Falls
Chitrakote Falls also known as the Niagara Falls of India


What is Chhattisgarh state or city?

Chhattisgarh is a state in India with Raipur as its Capital City. 

When did Raipur become the capital of Chhattisgarh?

Raipur became the capital of Chhattisgarh on the 1st of November, 2000. 

What is the new name of the new Raipur?

The new name of the new Raipur is Atal Nagar-Nava Raipur. 

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