Maths Practical Class 10

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Maths Practical Class 10

Every chapter of Mathematics contains a different set of formulas that students have to mug up to score better in the examination. Most of the times, these formulas look like randomly placed elements without any actual meaning. However, swapping one of its term with the other changes the entire essence of the formula. Wondering how can one understand their meanings to make the entire process of learning easier? Well, this can be done with simple maths practical activities. Class 10 maths syllabus contains a separate section for practical lessons through which students can learn about the fundamental process that runs behind the formation of a concept. For all those who are exploring activities for maths practical class 10, this blog aims to shed light on them. 

Download PDFs

CBSE Class 10 Maths Lab Manual Activities Solutions

The CBSE Class 10 Maths Lab contains 12 marks in the exam. These marks are included in their internal assessment. NCERT provides activities for class X in form of PDF for students to download. You can access them in both Hindi and English here:

Activities for Class X (1 to 10) in English Activities for Class X (1 to 10) in Hindi
Activities for Class X (11 to 20) in English Activities for Class X (11 to20) in Hindi
Activities for Class X (21 to 30) in English   Activities for Class X (21 to 30) in Hindi

Salient Features of the Maths Practical Class 10

Mentioned below are the salient features of the Maths Practical Class 10 – 

  • Mathematics Lab Manual comprises a set of:
    • Practical Manual
    • Maths Lab Activities with Viva-voce & Mental Maths
  • The Viva-voce focuses exclusively on activity-based questions to explain concepts better.
  • The Mental Maths section of the CBSE Class 10 Maths Lab is meant for the application of activity in different types of problems.
  • All the activities are framed in such a way that they are self-explanatory. They are very well illustrated.
  • The materials required are easily available everywhere and can be handled easily.
  • The procedure gives step by step method to complete the activities.

Maths Practical Class 10 

The syllabus for maths practical class 10 is designed in a way that students will be enriched with the core understanding of the concepts they are studying at this level. Throughout the academic year, class 10 students will be studying the following activities based on important concepts- 

Activity  Objective 
Activity 1  To obtain the HCF of two numbers experimentally using the Euclid’s Division Lemma 
Activity 2 To draw a graph of a quadratic polynomial equation and examine that: -The shape of the curve when the coefficient of X2 is negative-The shape of the curve when the coefficient of X2 is positive -Number of zeroes 
Activity 3 Through the graphical method checking the condition of consistency or inconsistency in a pair of linear equation having two variables. 
Activity 4 By completing the square geometrically, calculating the solution of a general quadratic equation. 
Activity 5 From a given list of numbers or patterns, identifying the Arithmetic Progression. 
Activity 6 Calculate the sum of first n natural numbers. 
Activity 7 To obtain the sum of first n odd natural numbers. 
Activity 8 Find out the sum of first n even natural numbers. 
Activity 9 For an arithmetic progression having n terms, establishing a formula for calculating its sum. 
Activity 10 Verification of the distance formula by the graphical representation method. 
Activity 11 by the graphical method for finding the area of a triangle and verifying its formula. 
Activity 12 to examine the criteria of similarity between two triangles. 
Activity 13 Using two intersecting strips with nails drawing a system of similar squares. 
Activity 14 Using Y-shaped stripes which nails to draw a system of similar triangles. 
Activity 15 To verify the Thales theorem, that is, the basic proportionality theorem. 
Activity 16 Finding the actual relationship between sides and areas of similar triangles. 
Activity 17 To determine that the ratio of the square of the corresponding side of two similar triangles is equal to the ratio of areas of those two triangles. 
Activity 18 To draft a quadrilateral equivalent to a given quadrilateral according to the given scale. 
Activity 19 Stating and verifying Pythagoras theorem.
Activity 20 Using the Bhaskara method, verifying the Pythagoras theorem. 
Activity 21 To experimentally state that any tangent at a particular point to the circle is always perpendicular to the radius through that point. 
Activity 22 By selecting a point, finding the total number of tangents possible to a circle. 
Activity 23 From the same external point, the length of tangents to a circle are always equal. 
Activity 24 to experimentally find the height of a building using a clinometer. 
Activity 25 To practically design a frustum of a cone. 
Activity 26 Through the experiment, finding out the formula for surface area and the volume of the frustum of a cone. 
Activity 27 To create a graph of cumulative frequency curve or ogive of less than type. 
Activity 28 To create a graph of cumulative frequency curve or ogive of more than type. 
Activity 29 To calculate the experimental probability of throwing a die, that is, 1,2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 500 times and comparing it with the theoretical probabilities given. 
Activity 30 By tossing a coin 1000 times, calculating the experimental property of heads or tails and further comparing it with theoretical problems. 

CBSE Class 10 Maths Internal Assessment – Scheme of Evaluation

The Maths theory exam for Class 10 is for 80 marks and the practical exam is for 20 marks.The practical marks are divided into:

  • Assessment of Activities- 12 marks
  • Assessment of Project- 5 Marks
  • Viva-Voce- 3 Marks

Assessment of CBSE Class 10 Maths Activity Work

The Maths activity test takes place following this process:

  • Students have to perform two tasks in the given time
  • The assessment will be conducted by two mathematics teachers
  • The breakup of marks is as follows:
    • Objective: 1 Mark
    • Material Required: 1 Mark
    • Preparation of Activity: 3 Marks
    • Conduct of the activity: 3 marks
    • Observation and analysis: 3 marks
    • Results and Conclusion: 1 mark

Evaluation of CBSE Class 10 Project Work

For the evaluation of of CBSE Class 10 Project work:

  • Students have to perform at least one project as per the concepts they learned in their classroom
  • The project will be conducted individually or a group of two or three students
  • The weightage of the project will be:
    • Identification and statement of the project: 1 mark
    • Planning the project: 1 mark
    • The procedure adopted: 1 mark
    • Observations from data collected: 1 mark
    • Interpretation and application of result: 1 mark

Lab Manual Class 10 Maths Practical

  • Linear Equations
  • Basic Proportionality Theorem for a Triangle
  • Pythagoras Theorem
  • Ratio of Areas of Two Similar Triangles
  • Centroid of a Triangle
  • Arithmetic Progression I
  • Arithmetic Progression II
  • Sum of Odd Natural Numbers
  • Making of a Clinometer
  • Area of Circle by Coiling Method
  • Area of Circle by Paper Cutting and Pasting Method
  • Areas of Sectors formed at the Vertices of a Triangle
  • Tangents drawn from an External Point
  • Right Circular Cylinder
  • Right Circular Cone
  • Volume of a Cylinder
  • Volume of a Cone
  • Surface Area of a Cylinder
  • Surface Area of a Cone
  • Comparison of Curved Surface Areas and Total Surface Areas of Two Right Circular Cylinders
  • Comparison of Volumes of Two Right Circular Cylinders
  • Surface Area of a Sphere
  • Volume of a Sphere
  • Probability

Tips and Tricks

The activities taught in class 10 maths practical are interesting but, it is essential to perform them with perfection so that you can achieve the desired results. Here are some of the tips that you can use to ace your practical exam for class 10th- 

  • Use a sharpened pencil wherever required
  • Always mark the scale of the graph, otherwise, marks will be deducted
  • It is necessary to be through with the theoretical part of the chapter to understand the experiment better
  • Before concluding, always cross-check the calculations that you mention on the sheet
  • Once you are done with the activity, cross-check your objective as well as conclusion with the given question

We hope that these tips about maths practical class 10 will help you with your exam. Are you sceptical about which stream to choose after class 10? Our experts at Leverage Edu will assist you in selecting the best stream for you that aligns the best with your career goals. Sign-up for an e-meeting with us. 

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