20 Most Famous Indian Mathematicians

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Famous Indian Mathematicians

India is the land of some of the greatest minds. From Literature and Science stream to Art and Theatre, India has been a pioneer in all fields because of the exceptionally talented individuals who made the country proud. Mathematics, as a discipline, continues to be of utmost importance in the world and this blog explores some of the famous Indian mathematicians and their contribution to the world of mathematics. These mathematicians challenged the understanding of the world and left behind a legacy of breakthrough discovery and research. Let us explore these famous Indian Mathematicians who are still revered worldwide for their significant contributions! 

greatest mathematician of india
Source: Gift

List of 10 Famous Indian Mathematicians

  1. Brahmagupta
  2. Aryabhata
  3. Bhaskara
  4. Srinivasa Ramanujan
  5. P.C. Mahalanobis
  6. C.R. Rao
  7. Ashutosh Mukherjee
  8. Raj Chandra Bose
  9. K.R. Parthsarthy
  10. Phoolan Prasad

Also Read: Vedic Maths


Credits: TFP

Brahmagupta is world-renowned for his ingenious contribution to the fields of geometry and number system. His biggest contribution was his consideration of zero as a number which was the pathbreaking concept for the ancient world of mathematics. He established all the rules and norms of using zero which resulted in the development of the present form of the number system in mathematics. He worked out Brahmagupta’s theorem for cyclic quadrilaterals which was a major finding of his time.

Also Read: Mental Maths: Tips & Tricks


Credits: The Wonder That Was India

Aryabhata was an excellent teacher with immense knowledge of ancient India. His extraordinary knowledge covered areas of Mathematics, Astronomy, and Science. He wrote a comprehensive treatise titled the “Aryabhatiya” which in its range covered various integral topics of mathematics like trigonometry and algebra. Aryabhata was the first to give an approximation of the value of pi and also the founder of the Number system. 

Also Read: Maths Tricks to Ace the GMAT Quant Section!


Credits: hinduscriptures.com

Bhaskara is a famous Indian mathematician from ancient times who is also a revered astronomer who made significant discoveries in both fields. He went deep into the number system and conceived easy formulas related to squaring and multiplication of numbers. Bhaskara laid the foundation of mathematics in India through his consequential work.

Also Read: Commerce with Maths Stream

Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan - Most Famous Indian Mathematicians
Credits: The Hindu

Ramanujan is one of the greatest mathematical geniuses of India who worked with elliptic functions and the analytical theory of numbers. Ramanujan was the first Indian to be elected as a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge University. The mysteries solved by the man who knew infinity are still used to work for the development of the field of Mathematics.

Also Read: Number System Aptitude Tricks

P.C. Mahalanobis

greatest mathematician of india
Credits: The Print

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis is the Father of Indian Statistics. His contribution to statistics involves the introduction of the concept of the pilot and large-scale surveys have led him into the group of the greatest mathematicians in India. P.C Mahalanobis founded the Indian Institute of Statistical Science. For his unmatched contributions to Statistics as a major branch of Mathematics, 29th June is celebrated as National Statistics Day in his honour!

C.R. Rao

Credits: The Hindu

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao is the greatest mathematician who contributed to the fields of estimation theory, biometry, statistical inference, and functional equations. He aimed to put India on the global map in the field of Statistics. He helped bright students pursue their careers in the field of Statistics and continues to motivate them to discover the unexplored.

Ashutosh Mukherjee

Credits: Wikipedia

Ashutosh Mukherjee is the greatest mathematician who changed the horizon of mathematics in India. He discovered the talents of other individuals like C.V. Raman and S. Radhakrishan. He has many published scholarly papers on mathematics and physics. He was a member of the important mathematical societies of different countries and supported research in mathematics.

Did you know? Most mathematical symbols weren’t invented until the 16th century. Before that, equations were written in words.

Raj Chandra Bose

Credits: Wikipedia

Raj Chandra Bose fought relentlessly for his passion in the face of obstructions. He pursued his bachelor’s and master’s degree despite severe financial constraints following which he was invited by Mahalanobis to ISI to conduct research in the field of statistics and take a part-time post. The contributions made by R.C. Bose in the field of statistics have been and are still valued by the entire world.

K.R. Parthsarthy

K.R. Parthsarthy- greatest mathematician of india
Credits: Wikipedia

K. R. Parthsarthy is a statistician, probabilist and mathematician who made it big in the field of mathematics and physics. He was the pioneer of quantum stochastic calculus. He worked in the field for many years and devoted his life to conducting multiple kinds of research in the field of mathematics. As is rightly said, this man was indeed a ‘different kind of mind’.

Phoolan Prasad

Phoolan Prasad - Famous Indian Mathematicians
Credits: The Hindu

Awarded multiple accolades, this man is renowned in every part of the country and worldwide for his revolutionary contribution to the concepts of differential equations, and fluid mechanics. He has authored multiple books that have an account of all his research which is a unique and futuristic blend of mathematics and physics. He successfully assessed the properties of equations of various physical phenomena and used them to create new principles of physics. 

Famous Indian Female Mathematicians List

There have been women in the field of maths with excellent contributions. Here is the famous Indian female mathematicians list you should know:

  1. Raman Parimala
  2. Neena Gupta
  3. Shakuntala Devi
  4. Sujatha Ramdorai
  5. Mangala Narlikar
  6. Vanaja Iyengar
  7. Renuka Ravindra
  8. Ajit Iqbal Singh
  9. T. A. Sarasvati Amma
  10. Bhama Srinivasan

Famous Indian Mathematicians and their Inventions

Here are some of the greatest mathematicians of India and their inventions:

Mathematicians Renowned Works and Inventions
AryabhataFormula: (a + b) 2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab
BrahmaguptaIntroduction of zero (0) 
Srinivasa RamanujanProperties of the partition function.
P.C. MahalanobisMahalanobis Distance
C.R. RaoTheory of Estimation
D.R. Kaprekar  Kaprekar numbers, Devlali numbers, the Harshad numbers and Demlo numbers.
Harish Chandra   Representation theory, Harmonic analysis on semisimple Lie groups.
Satyendra Nath Bose   Collaboration with Albert Einstein,  Modern theoretical physics in India.
Bhaskara Declared that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity.
Narendra Karmarkar Karmarkar’s algorithm 
Credits: Arihant Publications

List of Famous Mathematicians in the World

Mathematicians from all over the world who have made immense contributions to the field of Mathematics are:

  • Euclid
  • Pythagoras
  • Archimedes
  • Thales of Miletus
  • Aristotle
  • Diophantus
  • Eratosthenes 
  • Hipparchus
  • Hero of Alexandria
  • Ptolemy
  • Xenocrates
  • Anaxagoras
  • Hypatia
  • Antiphon
  • Diocles

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FAQs on the Greatest Mathematicians of India!

Q1. Who is the father of Indian mathematics?

Ans: Aryabhata is the father of Indian mathematics and he has worked on spherical trigonometry, quadratic equations, algebra, plane trigonometry, sums of power series, and arithmetic.

Q2. Who is the king of maths in India?

Ans: Srinivasa Ramanujan is known as the king of maths in India due to his contribution by working on the Analytical Theory of Numbers, Elliptical Function, and Infinite Series.

Q3. Who invented zero Indian mathematicians?

Ans: The first modern equivalent of the numeral zero comes from a Hindu astronomer and mathematician Brahmagupta in 628

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Maths forms an imperative part of everyone’s education. These famous Indian mathematicians inspire us with their exceptional work to realize the potential of the field and try to uncover some of its innumerable mysteries. If you exploring Maths courses abroad, then the experts at Leverage Edu will help you with the application procedure and make your dream more achievable! Register today for a free counselling session!

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  1. Very useful information. Of late, present day students can explore lots of information about history of Mathematics.

    1. Hey! Yes, nowadays information is just a tap away which has made students more knowledgable. Thank you for your feedback.