20 Most Famous Indian Mathematicians

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Famous Indian Mathematicians

India is the land of some of the greatest minds. From Literature and Science stream to Art and Theatre, India has been a pioneer in all the fields because of the exceptionally talented individuals who made the country proud. Mathematics, as a discipline, continues to be of utmost importance in the world and this blog explores some of the famous Indian mathematicians and their contribution to the world of mathematics. These mathematicians challenged the understanding of the world and left behind a legacy of breakthrough discovery and research. Let us explore these famous Indian Mathematicians who are still revered worldwide for their significant contributions! 

greatest mathematician of india
Source: Gyfcat

10 Famous Indian Mathematicians List

  1. Brahmagupta
  2. Aryabhata
  3. Bhaskara
  4. Srinivasa Ramanujan
  5. P.C. Mahalanobis
  6. C.R. Rao
  7. Ashutosh Mukherjee
  8. Raj Chandra Bose
  9. K.R. Parthsarthy
  10. Phoolan Prasad

Also Read: Vedic Maths


Credits: TFP

This polymath is another famous Indian mathematician who is world-renowned for his ingenious contribution to the fields of geometry and number system. His biggest contribution was his consideration of zero as a number which was a new concept for the ancient world of mathematics. He established all the rules and norms of using zero as a number. This pathbreaking revolution on his part resulted in the development of the present form of the number system of mathematics. He worked out Brahmagupta’s theorem for cyclic quadrilaterals which was a major finding of his time.

Also Read: Mental Maths: Tips & Tricks


Credits: The Wonder That Was India

An unrivalled teacher with immense knowledge, Aryabhata is a name to be reckoned with from ancient India. His expansive knowledge covered areas of Maths, Astronomy, and Science. He wrote a comprehensive treatise titled the “Aryabhatiya” which in its range covered various integral topics of mathematics like trigonometry and algebra. He was the first to give an approximation of the value of pi and drew various other deductions related to formulas in mathematics. As the founder of the Number system, his contribution to mathematics was unprecedented and thus is placed first in our list of famous Indian mathematicians. 

Also Read: Maths Tricks to Ace the GMAT Quant Section!


Credits: hinduscriptures.com

A famous Indian mathematician from ancient times is Bhaskara. Not only a doyen of maths, but BHaslara was also a revered astronomer who made significant discoveries in both fields.  With the aim of making existence easier and more scientific, he went deep into the number system and ideated easy formulas related to squaring and multiplication of numbers. His work left a tremendous impact on how the number system evolved over time. A creator at heart, Bhaskara laid the foundation of mathematics in India by his consequential work.

Also Read: Commerce with Maths Stream

Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan - Most Famous Indian Mathematicians
Credits: The Hindu

Ramanujan is one of the greatest mathematical geniuses of India who worked with elliptic functions and the analytical theory of numbers. As the greatest mathematician of India, he conducted profound research to calculate the value of Euler’s constant. What is interesting to note is that Ramanujan was the first Indian to be elected as a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge University. There he continued his work in collaboration with other fellows and made several other contributions to the field of Mathematics. The mysteries solved by the man who knew infinity are still used to work for the development of the field of Mathematics.

Also Read: Number System Aptitude Tricks

P.C. Mahalanobis

greatest mathematician of india
Credits: The Print

Father of Indian Statistics, Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis is one of the most famous Indian mathematicians whose contribution to the field of Statistics is legendary. His contribution to statistics involves the introduction of the concept of pilot and large scale surveys has led him into the group of the greatest mathematicians of India. Moreover, the 2nd five-year plan, which focused on industrialization was based on the Mahalanobis model. Also referred to as the “Father of Indian Statistics”, it was P.C Mahalanobis who founded the Indian Institute of Statistical Science. For his unprecedented contributions to Statistics as a major branch of Maths, 29th June is celebrated as National Statistics Day in his honour!

Did you know? The word “hundred” comes from the old Norse term, “hundrath”, which actually means 120 and not 100.

C.R. Rao

Credits: The Hindu

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao is the greatest mathematician in India. A living genius and one of the famous Indian mathematicians contributed to the fields of estimation theory, biometry, statistical inference, and functional equations. Deeply interested in the study of data analysis and statistical education, he aimed to put India on the global map in the field of Statistics. He helped bright students pursue their careers in the field of Statistics and still continues to motivate them to discover the unexplored. Even at this age, his life revolves around the world of statistics and its future.

Ashutosh Mukherjee

Credits: Wikipedia

The greatest mathematician of India, Ashutosh Mukherjee changed the horizon of mathematics in India. A nobleman and one of the most eminent names in the Indian education system, he discovered the talents of other individuals like C.V. Raman and S. Radhakrishan. He published numerous scholarly papers on mathematics and physics. He was a member of the important mathematical societies of different countries and supported research in mathematics. He made significant contributions to the field of differential geometry. He was a mathematician at par with some of the imminent names of those times.

Did you know? Most mathematical symbols weren’t invented until the 16th century. Before that, equations were written in words.

Raj Chandra Bose

Credits: Wikipedia

An Indian mathematician and statistician, Raj Chandra Bosefought relentlessly for his passion in the face of obstructions. He pursued his bachelor’s and master’s degree despite severe financial constraints following which he was invited by Mahalanobis to ISI to conduct research in the field of statistics and take a part-time post. The contributions made by R.C. Bose in the field of statistics have been and are still valued by the entire world.

K.R. Parthsarthy

K.R. Parthsarthy- greatest mathematician of india
Credits: Wikipedia

The next spot claimed on the list of the most famous Indian mathematicians is by K. R. Parthsarthy a statistician, probabilist and mathematician who made it big in the field of maths and physics. He was the pioneer of quantum stochastic calculus, an advanced branch of maths that combines various principles of statistics and calculus. He worked in the field for many years and devoted his life to conducting multiple kinds of research in the field of mathematics. As is rightly said, this man was indeed a ‘different kind of mind’.

Phoolan Prasad

Phoolan Prasad - Famous Indian Mathematicians
Credits: The Hindu

Awarded multiple accolades, this man is renowned in every part of the country and worldwide for his revolutionary contribution to the concepts of differential equations, and fluid mechanics. He has authored multiple books that have an account of all his research that is a unique and futuristic blend of mathematics and physics. He successfully assessed the properties of equations of various physical phenomena and used them to create new principles of physics. 

Famous Indian Female Mathematicians List

There have been women in the field of maths with excellent contributions. Here is the famous Indian female mathematicians list you should know:

  1. Raman Parimala
  2. Neena Gupta
  3. Shakuntala Devi
  4. Sujhata Ramdorai
  5. Mangala Narlikar
  6. Vanaja Iyengar
  7. Renuka Ravindra
  8. Ajit Iqbal Singh
  9. T. A. Sarasvati Amma
  10. Bhama Srinivasan

Famous Indian Mathematicians and their Inventions

Here are some of the greatest mathematicians of India and their inventions:

Mathematicians  Renowned Works and Inventions
Aryabhata Formula: (a + b) 2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab
Brahmagupta Introduction of zero (0) 
Srinivasa Ramanujan Properties of the partition function.
P.C. Mahalanobis Mahalanobis Distance
C.R. Rao Theory of Estimation
D.R. Kaprekar   Kaprekar numbers, Devlali numbers, the Harshad numbers and Demlo numbers.
Harish Chandra    Representation theory, Harmonic analysis on semisimple Lie groups.
Satyendra Nath Bose    Collaboration with Albert Einstein,  Modern theoretical physics in India.
Bhaskara  Declared that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity.
Narendra Karmarkar  Karmarkar’s algorithm 
Credits: Arihant Publications

List of Famous Mathematicians in the World

Mathematicians from all over the world who have made immense contributions in the field of Mathematics are:

  • Euclid
  • Pythagoras
  • Archimedes
  • Thales of Miletus
  • Aristotle
  • Diophantus
  • Eratosthenes 
  • Hipparchus
  • Hero of Alexandria
  • Ptolemy
  • Xenocrates
  • Anaxagoras
  • Hypatia
  • Antiphon
  • Diocles

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FAQs on the Greatest Mathematicians of India!

Who is the most famous Indian mathematician?

Here are some of the greatest mathematicians in India:
Srinivasa Ramanujan
P.C. Mahalanobis
C.R. Rao
Ashutosh Mukherjee
Raj Chandra Bose
K.R. Parthsarthy
Phoolan Prasad

Who is the father of Indian mathematics?

Aryabhata is the father of Indian mathematics and he has worked on spherical trigonometry, quadratic equations, algebra, plane trigonometry, sums of power series, arithmetic.

Who is the king of maths in India?

Srinivasa Ramanujan is known as the king of maths in India due to his contribution by working on the Analytical Theory of Numbers, Elliptical Function, and Infinite Series.

Who invented zero Indian mathematicians?

The first modern equivalent of numeral zero comes from a Hindu astronomer and mathematician Brahmagupta in 628

Maths forms an imperative part of everyone’s education. These famous Indian mathematicians inspire us with their exceptional work to realize the potential of the field and try to uncover some of its innumerable mysteries. If you exploring Maths courses abroad, then the experts at Leverage Edu will help you with the application procedure and make your dream more achievable! Register today for a free counselling session!

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  1. Very useful information. Of late, present day students can explore lots of information about history of Mathematics.

    1. Hey! Yes, nowadays information is just a tap away which has made students more knowledgable. Thank you for your feedback.

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