India is the land of some of the greatest minds. From Literature and Science stream to Art and Theatre, India has been a pioneer in all fields because of the exceptionally talented individuals who made the country proud. Mathematics, as a discipline, continues to be of utmost importance in the world and this blog explores some of the famous Indian mathematicians and their contribution to the world of mathematics. These mathematicians challenged the understanding of the world and left behind a legacy of breakthrough discovery and research. Let us explore these famous Indian Mathematicians who are still revered worldwide for their significant contributions!
This Blog Include:
- List of 10 Famous Indian Mathematicians
- Famous Indian Female Mathematicians List
- Famous Indian Mathematicians and their Inventions
- List of Famous Mathematicians in the World
- Quiz Time! Can You Solve this Easy Math Test in Under 5 mins?
- FAQs on the Greatest Mathematicians of India!
List of 10 Famous Indian Mathematicians
- Srinivasa Ramanujan
- P.C. Mahalanobis
- C.R. Rao
- Ashutosh Mukherjee
- Raj Chandra Bose
- K.R. Parthsarthy
- Phoolan Prasad
Also Read: Vedic Maths
Brahmagupta is world-renowned for his ingenious contribution to the fields of geometry and number system. His biggest contribution was his consideration of zero as a number which was the pathbreaking concept for the ancient world of mathematics. He established all the rules and norms of using zero which resulted in the development of the present form of the number system in mathematics. He worked out Brahmagupta’s theorem for cyclic quadrilaterals which was a major finding of his time.
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Aryabhata was an excellent teacher with immense knowledge of ancient India. His extraordinary knowledge covered areas of Mathematics, Astronomy, and Science. He wrote a comprehensive treatise titled the “Aryabhatiya” which in its range covered various integral topics of mathematics like trigonometry and algebra. Aryabhata was the first to give an approximation of the value of pi and also the founder of the Number system.
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Bhaskara is a famous Indian mathematician from ancient times who is also a revered astronomer who made significant discoveries in both fields. He went deep into the number system and conceived easy formulas related to squaring and multiplication of numbers. Bhaskara laid the foundation of mathematics in India through his consequential work.
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Ramanujan is one of the greatest mathematical geniuses of India who worked with elliptic functions and the analytical theory of numbers. Ramanujan was the first Indian to be elected as a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge University. The mysteries solved by the man who knew infinity are still used to work for the development of the field of Mathematics.
Also Read: Number System Aptitude Tricks
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis is the Father of Indian Statistics. His contribution to statistics involves the introduction of the concept of the pilot and large-scale surveys have led him into the group of the greatest mathematicians in India. P.C Mahalanobis founded the Indian Institute of Statistical Science. For his unmatched contributions to Statistics as a major branch of Mathematics, 29th June is celebrated as National Statistics Day in his honour!
Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao is the greatest mathematician who contributed to the fields of estimation theory, biometry, statistical inference, and functional equations. He aimed to put India on the global map in the field of Statistics. He helped bright students pursue their careers in the field of Statistics and continues to motivate them to discover the unexplored.
Ashutosh Mukherjee is the greatest mathematician who changed the horizon of mathematics in India. He discovered the talents of other individuals like C.V. Raman and S. Radhakrishan. He has many published scholarly papers on mathematics and physics. He was a member of the important mathematical societies of different countries and supported research in mathematics.
Did you know? Most mathematical symbols weren’t invented until the 16th century. Before that, equations were written in words.
Raj Chandra Bose
Raj Chandra Bose fought relentlessly for his passion in the face of obstructions. He pursued his bachelor’s and master’s degree despite severe financial constraints following which he was invited by Mahalanobis to ISI to conduct research in the field of statistics and take a part-time post. The contributions made by R.C. Bose in the field of statistics have been and are still valued by the entire world.
K. R. Parthsarthy is a statistician, probabilist and mathematician who made it big in the field of mathematics and physics. He was the pioneer of quantum stochastic calculus. He worked in the field for many years and devoted his life to conducting multiple kinds of research in the field of mathematics. As is rightly said, this man was indeed a ‘different kind of mind’.
Awarded multiple accolades, this man is renowned in every part of the country and worldwide for his revolutionary contribution to the concepts of differential equations, and fluid mechanics. He has authored multiple books that have an account of all his research which is a unique and futuristic blend of mathematics and physics. He successfully assessed the properties of equations of various physical phenomena and used them to create new principles of physics.
Famous Indian Female Mathematicians List
There have been women in the field of maths with excellent contributions. Here is the famous Indian female mathematicians list you should know:
- Raman Parimala
- Neena Gupta
- Shakuntala Devi
- Sujatha Ramdorai
- Mangala Narlikar
- Vanaja Iyengar
- Renuka Ravindra
- Ajit Iqbal Singh
- T. A. Sarasvati Amma
- Bhama Srinivasan
Famous Indian Mathematicians and their Inventions
Here are some of the greatest mathematicians of India and their inventions:
|Mathematicians||Renowned Works and Inventions|
|Aryabhata||Formula: (a + b) 2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab|
|Brahmagupta||Introduction of zero (0)|
|Srinivasa Ramanujan||Properties of the partition function.|
|P.C. Mahalanobis||Mahalanobis Distance|
|C.R. Rao||Theory of Estimation|
|D.R. Kaprekar||Kaprekar numbers, Devlali numbers, the Harshad numbers and Demlo numbers.|
|Harish Chandra||Representation theory, Harmonic analysis on semisimple Lie groups.|
|Satyendra Nath Bose||Collaboration with Albert Einstein, Modern theoretical physics in India.|
|Bhaskara||Declared that any number divided by zero is infinity and that the sum of any number and infinity is also infinity.|
|Narendra Karmarkar||Karmarkar’s algorithm|
List of Famous Mathematicians in the World
Mathematicians from all over the world who have made immense contributions to the field of Mathematics are:
- Thales of Miletus
- Hero of Alexandria
Quiz Time! Can You Solve this Easy Math Test in Under 5 mins?
FAQs on the Greatest Mathematicians of India!
Ans: Aryabhata is the father of Indian mathematics and he has worked on spherical trigonometry, quadratic equations, algebra, plane trigonometry, sums of power series, and arithmetic.
Ans: Srinivasa Ramanujan is known as the king of maths in India due to his contribution by working on the Analytical Theory of Numbers, Elliptical Function, and Infinite Series.
Ans: The first modern equivalent of the numeral zero comes from a Hindu astronomer and mathematician Brahmagupta in 628
Maths forms an imperative part of everyone’s education. These famous Indian mathematicians inspire us with their exceptional work to realize the potential of the field and try to uncover some of its innumerable mysteries. If you exploring Maths courses abroad, then the experts at Leverage Edu will help you with the application procedure and make your dream more achievable! Register today for a free counselling session!