BPSC Syllabus

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BPSC Syllabus

Every year Bihar Public Service Commission announces the syllabus for the BPSC recruitment exam. The commission allows all the eligible candidates to apply for different administrative services in Group B and Group C, through a common written examination held at the state level. In order to get selected for the government positions, the candidates need to clear all the 3 stages of the BPSC exam and the capabilities of the candidate are judged through the exam. So if you have started preparing for the BPSC exam, you need to have an exact knowledge of the syllabus to be able to crack the examination like a pro. Here is an article helping you to understand the BPSC Syllabus along with other necessary information that you need.

Also Read: Government Exams after 12th Science

Exam Pattern Overview 

Here is a brief overview of the BPSC exam. 

Stage Of BPSC Exam Kind Of Exam Total Marks Mode Duration 
Prelims Objective 150 Offline 2 hours
Mains Subjective 900 (3 papers of 300 marks each)Offline 3 hours for each paper 
Personal InterviewPhysically Present120Offline Not defined

BPSC Eligibility Criteria

Let us take a look at the eligibility requirements set by the Bihar Public Service Commission for the students planning to take the BPSC exam. 

  1. The applicant should be a citizen of India
  2. Minimum age of the candidate should be 22 years while the maximum age is 37 years ( relaxable up to 42 years in case of reserved candidates)
  3. The applicant should have completed a bachelor’s degree in any discipline from a recognized institution.

BPSC Exam Structure

Before we go further with the BPSC syllabus, let’s first understand what the BPSC examination looks like. The examination is conducted in the following 3 stages:

  • Preliminary: Also called the ‘Prelims’, it is an offline written test comprising of objective-types questions for a maximum of 150 marks. The exam duration is of 2 hours.
  • Mains: This is the second step towards acing the BPSC exam consisting of subjective-type questions conducting offline, in written form. The mains exam consists of 4 exams including Hindi Qualifying (100 marks), General Studies 1 (300 marks), General Studies 2 (300 marks) and one optional paper (300 marks). The time duration for each paper is 3 hours.
  • Interview: This is the final phase for the shortlisting candidates and the results are based on administrative and decision making abilities of the candidate.

BPSC Syllabus

The examination syllabus is the primary aspect of any exam. Until and unless you are not aware of the BPSC syllabus, it will be difficult for you to understand how to go about the exam preparation. Given below are the key factors associated with the syllabus for each round of examination: 

Preliminary Stage

  • General Science (a general understanding of Science and the matters of everyday experience and observation)
  • Current affairs of national and international importance
  • History of India and salient features of the history of Bihar in social, political and economic aspects.
  • General Geography, Bihar’s geographical division and major river systems of Bihar.
  • Indian Polity and Economy and the significant changes in the economy of Bihar in the post-independence period (the political system of the country, Panchayati Raj, community development, planning in India and Bihar).
  • Indian National Movements and Bihar’s participation (nature and character of a 19th-century resurgence, growth of nationalism and attainment of the independence.)

Also Read: Basic General Knowledge for Competitive Exams

BPSC Syllabus: Mains Stage

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HindiEssay: 30 marks
Grammar: 30 marks
Syntax: 25 marks
Summarization: 15 marks
General Studies 1Modern History of India and Indian Culture (with special reference to Bihar in the mid of 19th century; introduction and expansion of western and technical education; Champaran Staygrah; the role of Bihar in Indian freedom struggle; Santhal Uprising in Bihar, Birsa movement, quit India movement, features of Mauryan and Pal art, Roles of Gandhi, Tagore and Nehru and Patna Qulam painting)Current Events of National and International ImportanceStatistical Analysis, Graphs and Diagrams 
General Studies 2Indian Polity (the political system of India and Bihar)
Indian Economy and Geography of India (social, physical and economic geography of India and Bihar)
The role and impact of science and technology in the development of India.
Optional PaperThe students are allowed to choose any of the following subjects.
Having a maximum time limit of 3 hours and maximum marks of 300, the students have a list of 34 optional subjects to choose from:

1. Agriculture
2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
3. Anthropology
4. Botany
5. Civil Engineering
6. Chemistry
7. Commerce and Accountancy
8. Economics
9. Electrical Engineering
10. Geography
11. Geology
12. History
13. Labour and Social Welfare
14. Law
15. Management
16. Mathematics
17. Mechanical Engineering
18. Philosophy
19. Physics
20. Political Science and International Relations
21. Psychology
22. Public Administration
23. Sociology
24. Statistics
25. Zoology
26. Hindi/English/Urdu/Bangla/Sanskrit/Persian/Arabic/Pali/Maithili languages and Literature

BPSC Interview Test 

All candidates who clear the BPSC Mains Exam are then called for an interview. The interview is done by the board appointed by the Commission. The main fields upon which are the questions are based are mentioned below.

  • The Board will have before them the record of the candidate and the application form felled by him/ her. They will be reviewing the interests mentioned by the candidate. 
  • The personal suitability of the candidate is checked by the Board in the state services. The people comprising this board are unbiased and competent.
  • The personality test is also conducted to gauge if the candidate has knowledge about the current affairs outside and within the state. 
  • The main purpose of the interview is to explore the mental makeup and qualities as well as the analytical ability of the candidate. 


1. Is the knowledge of Hindi needed?

Yes, the knowledge of Hindi is needed. There is a paper on class 12 level Hindi language (subjective) for 100 marks.

2. How can I get the BPSC syllabus in Hindi?

You can download the BPSC syllabus in Hindi from the link given here

3. What is the medium of the question papers? 

The question papers are in Hindi and English. They are bilingual. 

4. Are the main papers subjective?

There are a total of four subjective papers in the mains exam. 

5. Are there optional subjects?

Yes. All candidates have to attempt one optional subject as a part of the mains exam. 

Hopefully, we have provided you with the best of information on every little detail about the BPSC syllabus. Competitive exams are hard to crack and need rigorous preparation, so if you are looking forward to preparing for such competitive exams and need career guidance, reach out to our experts at Leverage Edu

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