One of the most common subjects covered in various competitive exams is international organizations and students generally get one or two questions related to the field. There are over 300 intergovernmental organizations in the world, out of these are some international organizations that have helped in facilitating cooperation and coordination between states over an array of topics like climate change, world peace, human rights, terrorism, international trade and economy. Here is a list of some of the biggest international organizations and their contact information to help you ace your competitive exam!
This Blog Includes:
- Top 15 International Organizations
- 1. United Nations Organization (UN)
- 2. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
- 3. World Health Organization (WHO)
- 4. World Economic Forum
- 5. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
- 6. World Bank
- 7. World Trade Organization
- 8. United Nations Education Scientific & Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- 9. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
- 10. Association of South East Nations (ASEAN)
- 11. Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD)
- 12. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
- 13. New Development Bank (BRICS Development Bank)
- 14. Asian Development Bank (ADB)
- 15. World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Top 15 International Organizations
Here is a list of top international organizations and their functions, headquarters and head of states.
1. United Nations Organization (UN)
As the first on our list of international organizations, the UN is the most popular intergovernmental institute responsible for the prevention of war and conflict in the world. The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization whose mission is to ensure international peace and security, promote cordial relations between nations, promote international cooperation, and serve as a central focus for coordinating national efforts. It is the world’s largest, most well-known, most widely represented, and most powerful intergovernmental organization. The United Nations is headquartered in New York City, on international territory, with main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna, and The Hague.
|Headquarter||New York, US|
|Established on||24th October 1945|
2. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
Second, on our list of international organizations is UNICEF. UNICEF, or the United Nations Children’s Fund, is a United Nations organization that provides humanitarian and developmental aid to children around the world. With a presence in 192 countries and territories, the agency is one of the most well-known and well-known social welfare organizations in the world. Immunization and disease prevention are among UNICEF’s initiatives, as are HIV treatment for children and women, improving childhood and maternal nutrition, increasing sanitation, promoting education, and providing emergency relief in disasters.
|Headquarter||New York, US|
|Established on||11th December 1946|
|Current Head||Henrietta H. Fore|
3. World Health Organization (WHO)
Next on our list of international organizations is WHO. The World Health Organization (WHO) is a United Nations specialized organization in charge of international public health. “The attainment by all peoples of the highest attainable degree of health,” declares the WHO Constitution, which sets the agency’s governance structure and ideals. It has six semi-autonomous regional offices and 150 field offices worldwide, with its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
|Established on||7 April 1948|
|Current Head||Director-General – Tedros Adhanom|
4. World Economic Forum
The World Economic Forum (WEF), based in Cologny, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland, is an international non-governmental organization (NGO) created on January 24, 1971. “Committed to improving the status of the world by engaging commercial, governmental, intellectual, and other leaders of society to influence global, regional, and industry agendas,” reads the WEF’s mission statement.
|Established on||January 1971|
|Current Head||Klaus Schwab|
5. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is one of the most prominent international organization and thus on our list. It is a 190-country international financial institution headquartered in Washington, D.C. that works to promote global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world while relying on the World Bank for resources on a periodic basis.
|Headquarter||Washington, D.C., United States|
|Established on||27 December 1945|
|Current Head||Chief Economist – Gita Gopinath|
6. World Bank
Next on our list of international organizations is World Bank. The World Bank is an international financial agency that lends and gives money to governments in low- and middle-income nations to fund capital projects. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA) are the two institutions that make up the organization (IDA). The World Bank Group consists of the World Bank and its subsidiaries.
|Headquarter||Washington, D.C., United States|
|Established in||July 1944|
|Current Head||President of WV: David Malpass|
7. World Trade Organization
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is a multilateral organization that regulates and supports international trade. It began operations on January 1, 1995, as a result of the 1994 Marrakesh Agreement, which replaced the 1948-established General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
With 164 member states representing over 96 percent of global trade and GDP, the World Trade Organization (WTO) is the world’s largest international economic organization.
|Established in||1 January 1995|
|Current Head||Roberto Azevêdo|
8. United Nations Education Scientific & Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO, French: Organization des Nations Unies pour l’éducation, la science, et la culture) is a United Nations (UN) specialized agency charged with the duty with promoting world peace and security through international cooperation in education, science, and culture. It consists of 193 member states, 11 associate members, and nongovernmental, intergovernmental, and corporate sector partners. UNESCO is headquartered in Paris, France, and has 53 regional field offices and 199 national commissions to help it carry out its global mandate.
|Established in||16 November 1945|
|Current Head||Audrey Azoulay|
9. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
South Asia’s major intergovernmental organization and the geopolitical union are the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka are its members. As of 2019, the SAARC makes for 3% of the world’s land area, 21% of the world’s population, and 4.21 percent (US$3.67 trillion) of the global economy.
|Established in||8 December 1985, (in Dhaka, Bangladesh)|
|Current Head||Secretary-General – Esala Weerakoon|
10. Association of South East Nations (ASEAN)
ASEAN, or the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, is an economic union in Southeast Asia made up of ten member states that promote intergovernmental cooperation and facilitate economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration among its members and other Asian countries.
The primary goal of ASEAN was to speed economic growth and, as a result, social and cultural development.
|Established in||8 August 1967|
|Current Head||Lim Jock Hoi Mon|
11. Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD)
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; French: Organization de Coopération et de Développement Économiques, OCDE) is a 38-member intergovernmental economic organization formed in 1961 to promote economic advancement and global trade. As one of the most prominent international organizations on our list, OECD is responsible for trade and economic activities. It is a forum of countries that identify themselves as committed to democracy and the market economy. It serves as a forum for members to share policy experiences, seek solutions to shared challenges, identify best practices, and coordinate their domestic and international policies.
|Established in||30 September 1961|
|Current Head||Angel Gurría|
12. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is an international development bank dedicated to improving Asia’s economic and social conditions. Currently, the bank has 103 members and 21 prospective members from all around the world.
The bank began operations after the agreement went into effect on December 25, 2015, with ratifications from ten member states accounting for 50 percent of the Authorized Capital Stock initial subscriptions.
|Established in||January 2016 (began operations)|
|Current Head||Jin Liqun|
13. New Development Bank (BRICS Development Bank)
The New Development Bank (NDB), originally known as the BRICS Development Bank, is a global development bank founded by the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa). “The Bank shall support public or private initiatives through loans, guarantees, equity participation, and other financial instruments,” according to the NDB Agreement.
|Established in||15 July 2014|
|Current Head||K. V. Kamath|
14. Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Next on our list of international organizations is ADB. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank headquartered in the Ortigas Center in Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines. It was founded on December 19, 1966. In addition, the corporation operates 31 field offices around the world to promote Asia’s social and economic development.
|Established in||19 December 1966|
|Current Head||Masatsugu Asakawa|
15. World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Last on our list of international organizations is WWF. The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization that seeks to preserve wilderness and reduce the human effects on the environment. It was created in 1961. The World Wildlife Fund was its last name, and it is still used in Canada and the United States. With over five million supporters globally, WWF is the world’s largest conservation organization, working in over 100 countries and supporting around 3,000 conservation and environmental projects.
|Established in||29 April 1961|
|Current Head||Carter Roberts|
This was all about the list of international organizations and their headquarters. Hope this was helpful. Good luck with your studies! For more educational content, stay connected with Leverage Edu.