Have you heard about the Big Bang theory? You must be a space enthusiast! Do you know that there is more than one theory about the formation and evolution of the universe? If yes, then you have the curious mind of a space researcher. Now, combine it with expertise in physics and mathematics and voila… you can be a cosmologist! A cosmologist performs research and tests theories on the history of the formation of space. Interesting right? So, if you too want to embark on a journey into space exploration, we have covered some detailed steps to become a cosmologist abroad.
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Who is a Cosmologist?
First things first, let us properly understand who a Cosmologist is. Cosmologists are the scientists who study the properties of space using telescopes and satellites. They are not involved in practical data collection but rather interpret the data that we intercept from satellites etc to give theories on planets, black holes and galaxies by observing their behaviour over the years. They calculate distances and make observations on the size, motion and brightness of the various celestial objects in space.
|Did you know? String Theory suggests that our universe is made up of tiny vibrating strings which are smaller than the subatomic particles! Gabriele Veneziano gave birth to this theory while trying to explain the strong interaction.|
Duties of a Cosmologist
Here are some of the roles and responsibilities of a Cosmologist.
- They design instruments like lasers and telescopes.
- Then use such instruments to observe astronomical events and celestial objects.
- Moreover, cosmologists also design various computer programs to analyze the data.
- They also test the theories of the formation of the universe.
- Presenting the research and recent breakthroughs at conferences also comes under their responsibility.
- Lastly, they also analyse data using complex mathematical functions and equations.
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Steps to Become a Cosmologist
Here we have covered major steps to becoming a cosmologist. One must read each of the steps carefully to understand the process.
Congratulations! You are already on the first step. Researching how to become a cosmologist is very important. You must know what degree you need to pursue and colleges you need to enrol in. Even if you are past that point then research on how to gain experience, where to apply, how to build a strong portfolio and skills development required.
Gaining a bachelor’s and master’s degree in a relevant field is crucial. Make sure you choose the right course and right university for the same. Moreover, aim for higher scores and make the best of your studying experience by participating in university research programs.
- BSc in Astronomy
- BSc in Planetary Science and Astronomy
- BSc in Physics with Astronomy
- BSc in Astrophysics
- BSc in Liberal Arts and Sciences
- BSc in Space Science
- Yale University
- University of Toronto
- University of Geneva
- Cambridge University
- Copenhagen University
- Australian National University
- University of Seoul
- Kyoto University
- Tsinghua University
- University of Auckland
Hands-on experience is always a perk in research-related jobs. Universities that are famous for such courses often have research departments that have projects going on in the field. You can contact your senior professors to get a chance to intern in those projects to gain practical knowledge. You can also intern in companies other than your universities that deal in the same field. It will also help you understand the roles and responsibilities of a cosmologist. Lastly, you can choose to do the internship while studying or after your graduation as per your choice.
PhD is an essential part of becoming a cosmologist anywhere in the world. You can pursue your PhD in any topic related to the field of physics, mathematics or astronomy. Moreover, a PhD will help you discover new theories and have your own project and thesis to specialise in. This step will also immensely help you in building connections with veteran researchers and building a name for yourself by presenting your research at various places. This majorly increases your chances of getting hired.
The next step is to decide where you want to put your expertise as a cosmologist. If you wish to be a university professor, then this is the right time to apply. However, if you wish to work at a related company, you should still take up a postdoctoral research position or a fellowship. Although you can also directly apply to cosmologist positions at this point, however, some companies require you to have a certain amount of experience which is why going through a fellowship is a better option. You will be working in an environment where you can gain experience, skills as well expert guidance. Also, utilise this time to discuss and evaluate which company you should apply for based on your expertise.
Throughout your journey keep making good connections. With your professors, and mentors, where you present papers, industrialists and fellow researchers. This will help you in many ways like;
- You will get to know about what positions are open.
- It will be easier to know what companies look for in a candidate.
- You can also apply for positions that are open for everyone on portals.
- Your fellows can give you an insight into matters related to salary and interviews.
- Also, these connections can help you figure out the best place for you based on your expertise and interest.
- They can also often be a reference to the company for you.
You can apply through job portals or in the careers section of the company website. Often the job postings for these positions are not out in the open, therefore you can email the company your application with a convincing cover letter, your research and experience so far as well as your education. Give them a detailed CV to have a deep insight into your profile. Additionally, make your application reflective of your interest and curiosity and define how the company can benefit from your skills and expertise.
Best countries to work as a cosmologist abroad;
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Who Hires a Cosmologist?
It is important to know what kinds of companies and organisations hire cosmologists in order to refine your research for job opportunities. Here are some top organisations that hire cosmologists.
- Space centres
- Space applications centres
- Colleges and universities
- Private aerospace companies
- Space physics laboratories
- Non-profit organizations
- Research organizations (Commercial and non-commercial).
- Astronomical equipment manufacturers
Skills to Become a Cosmologist
It does not only take knowledge but also skill to become a cosmologist. Here are some top skills that you should develop throughout your journey to become a Cosmologist.
- You must be curious about the universe.
- Be interested in its origins and its contents.
- Must have passion and be patient and dedicated towards work.
- Well-versed with the fundamental laws of physics.
- Must possess the ability to use specialized equipment and software.
- Possess a natural aptitude and have an advanced education in mathematics.
- Ability to evaluate your and other’s work.
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Salary of a Cosmologist
The salary of a cosmologist depends on more than one factor such as their education, expertise, experience, skill and the country they work in. Here are some salary estimates;
|Country||Average Annual Salary of a Cosmologist|
After class 12 you can pursue a bachelor’s degree in Physics, Mathematics, Astrophysics or related subjects and do an internship or be part of a research project alongside it. Then you can gain specialisation and experience and apply for jobs in the top industries like…
It takes around 5 to 8 years to study cosmology. It actually depends on what level of education you want for a specific job role. Bachelors will take 3-4 years to complete and then 2 years for masters. The rest depends on the time of completion of your PhD.
The average salary of a cosmologist is around $116,000 per year. It is affected by their education, experience, area of work etc.
These were all the steps to becoming a Cosmologist abroad, for more such career-related blogs follow Leverage Edu.