Scope and Importance of Environmental Studies in School

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Scope and importance of environmental studies

The goal of teaching Environmental Studies (EVS) in schools is to instill environmental consciousness and promote responsible behavior. Also, this subject equips students with the knowledge and skills needed to address environmental challenges. Further, it also seeks to foster a sense of admiration and a commitment to sustainable practices. Before we delve into the scope and importance of Environmental Studies in school, it is worth noting that EVS is typically a standalone subject in the early years. However, the elements of environmental education continue to be integrated into various subjects across the curriculum as students progress through higher grades. This reflects the recognition of the importance of environmental awareness in a holistic education.

Check out: Top 63 Environmental Studies Books

Environmental Studies in School

EVS in schools in India is a multidisciplinary subject that focuses on understanding the environment and the interrelationships between humans and their surroundings. Besides, it encompasses an array of topics related to the natural and social environment, with the aim of fostering environmental awareness, knowledge, and a sense of responsibility among students. In India, EVS is typically introduced as a compulsory subject in the early years of formal education, usually from the primary level (grades 1-5) onwards. The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is responsible for developing the curriculum and textbooks for EVS in India.

The NCERT or CBSE curriculum for Environmental Studies in schools covers a broad spectrum of themes, including:

  • Earth’s physical features, ecosystems, flora, fauna, climate, and natural resources.
  • Human activities, communities, cultures, settlements, and the impact of human actions on the environment.
  • Personal and community health, sanitation, and hygiene practices.
  • Environmental challenges such as pollution, deforestation, water scarcity, waste management, and conservation.
  • Biodiversity, protecting endangered species, and sustainable use of resources.
  • Climate change, ozone depletion, and international efforts to address environmental problems.
  • Civic and Environmental Responsibilities
  • Field Trips and Practical Activities like visits to natural habitats, local communities, and parks.

Also Read: Famous Environmental Movements in India

Scope of Environmental Studies in School

By studying environmental education, school students have the opportunity to gain a holistic understanding of the environment, preparing them to be informed, engaged, and proactive stewards of the planet. This knowledge can also lead to diverse and fulfilling career opportunities in various environmental fields. Here are some key areas within the scope of environmental studies in school:

  • Understanding the relationships between living organisms and their environment, including concepts like food chains, biodiversity, and ecological balance.
  • Learning about the causes, effects, and potential solutions to one of the most pressing environmental challenges of our time.
  • Exploring strategies to protect and preserve diverse species and their habitats.
  • Studying how to sustainably use, management, and conservation of energy resources, water, forests, and minerals.
  • Examining the sources and consequences of air, water, and soil pollution, and strategies for pollution control.
  • Balancing economic growth with environmental protection and social well-being for long-term sustainability.
  • Exploring alternatives to fossil fuels, such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric power, and their role in a sustainable energy future.
  • Understanding the legal and regulatory frameworks that govern environmental protection and conservation efforts.
  • Delving into the moral and ethical considerations related to environmental issues and the responsibilities of individuals and societies.
  • Examining how cities can be designed and managed to minimize environmental impact and enhance quality of life.
  • Promoting awareness, education, and advocacy for environmental issues within communities and society at large.
  • Opportunities for conducting scientific research and developing innovative solutions to environmental challenges.
  • Exploring a wide range of professions dedicated to environmental conservation, including roles in environmental science, engineering, policy, education, and advocacy.
  • Understanding global environmental issues, international agreements, and the role of international organizations in addressing these challenges.

Must Read the following for a career in Environmental Studies:

Environmental Engineering
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Career in Waste Management
How to Become a Dendrologist?
Clean and Green Career in Social Forestry

Importance of Environmental Studies in School

Incorporating environmental education into education equips children with the knowledge and skills needed to become responsible, informed, and proactive citizens who contribute positively to a sustainable future. Environmental studies are crucial for school children for several reasons:

Awareness, Appreciation, and Critical Thinking

It helps children become aware of their environment, including the natural world, ecosystems, and the impact of human activities. This fosters a sense of appreciation and responsibility for the planet. Besides, EVS encourages critical thinking and problem-solving skills. It prompts children to analyze complex issues like climate change, pollution, and conservation.

Also Read: Importance of Climate Crisis 

Sustainability and Health Education 

It teaches the principles of sustainability, emphasizing the need to balance economic, social, and environmental factors for long-term well-being. Also understanding the environment enables students to appreciate the connection between their health and the quality of their surroundings. This can lead to better personal choices and habits.

Check out: Essay on Sustainable Development with PDF

Global Citizenship and Respect for Diversity

It instills a sense of global citizenship, helping children recognize that environmental issues are interconnected and require collective action on a global scale. In addition, young minds also understand the diversity of life forms and ecosystems, fostering respect for all living creatures and the importance of biodiversity by studying environmental studies in school. 

Also Read: Global Warming Speech for Students in English

Career Opportunities and Empowerment

Environmental education can lead to a range of career opportunities in fields like ecology, conservation, environmental law, and renewable energy. Also, it empowers children to make informed decisions about their own environmental impact, influencing choices related to consumption, transportation, and lifestyle.

Must Read: Career in Ecology and Environment

Climate Change Mitigation and Policy Advocacy

Given the urgency of climate change, educating children about environmental issues equips them to be part of the solution rather than contributors to the problem. Furthermore, EVS knowledge empowers young minds to become advocates for policies and practices promoting sustainable development and environment conservation. 

Also Read: What are Green Jobs?

Civic Engagement and Cultural and Ethical Values

Also, Environmental Studies in school encourage civic engagement by making children aware of the environmental policies and regulations in their communities. Further, they also learn how they can participate in shaping them. Moreover, EVS knowledge will enable these adults of tomorrow to uphold the cultural and ethical values of people from different ethnicities while focusing on a sustainable tomorrow. 


Q.1. What is the scope of environmental education in school?

Ans: By studying environmental education, young minds can foray into the fields of environmental conservation, renewable energy sources, legislation, and research and development. 

Q.2. What is the importance of environmental studies in school?

Ans: Here is the significance of including EVS in school:
-Awareness, Appreciation, and Critical Thinking
-Career Opportunities and Empowerment
-Sustainability and Health Education 
-Climate Change Mitigation and Policy Advocacy

Q.3. What is the NCERT syllabus for EVS?

Ans: Each class has a different syllabus. However, NCERT EVS books more or less focus on the following topics:
-Natural environment
-Human environment
-Environmental pollution
-Sustainable development
-Global warming and climate change
-Environmental conservation

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