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Essay on Allama Iqbal in 450 Words

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Essay on Allama Iqbal

The real name of Allama Iqbal was Mohammad Iqbal. He was born on November 9, in the year 1877, in Sialkot, Punjab. Iqbal belonged to a Kashmiri Brahmin family that embraced Islam in the seventeenth century. After receiving his traditional education in Arabic, Persian, and Urdu, he turned to liberal education which helped in encouraging his interest in poetry in his life. He started his educational career at the Scottish Mission School and he went on to acquire his degree in M.A. Philosophy. After that, he joined the Trinity College. Further, he got his degree of doctorate from the University of Munich, Germany by working on his thesis ‘The Development of Metaphysics’ in Persia. Continue reading the essay on Allama Iqbal to know more about his life.

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Essay on Allama Iqbal in 450 Words

Allama Iqbal is known for his influential efforts in directing his fellow Muslims in British-administered India toward the idea of establishment of a separate Muslim State. This aspiration was eventually realized during The Partition of 1947.

After completing his education and returning from Europe, he gained his bread and butter via practicing Law, but the fame he acquired was from his Persian and Urdu-language poetry, which he wrote in a classical style to make it easy for the public to recite. His poetry became widely known through poetic synopsis and in a milieu in which memorizing verse was customary. 

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Philosophical Position and Influence of Muhammad Iqbal

In The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (1934) his philosophical position was articulated. This was a volume based on six lectures delivered at Madras and Aligarh in 1928-29. He argued that a man who is rightly focused should generate vitality unceasingly through his interaction with the purposes of the living god. 

Allama Iqbal had returned from his unitary experience of god to let loose on Earth a new type of Cultural World and manhood through the abolition of priesthood and hereditary kingship and by emphasis on the study of Nature and History. Iqbal also promoted and advocated the theory of ijma i.e. consensus. 

During the time he was delivering lectures, he began working with the Muslim League. In the year 1930, at the annual session of the league at Allahabad, Iqbal gave the presidential address and made a statement that the Muslims of North-Western India should demand status as a separate state. 

There were 3 significant poems written by him namely, Shikwah (The Compliant), Jawab-e Shikwah (The Answer to the Compliant), and Khizr-e rah (Khizr, The Guide) which were published later in the year 1924 in the Urdu collection Bang-e rah (The Call of the Bell). In these poems, via his words, Iqbal gave an intense expression to the anguish of the Muslim powerlessness.

Although Iqbal was in favor of the creation of Pakistan and is known as the Nation’s National poet, he wrote a famous patriotic song in the year 1905 that celebrates the Greatness of India. A song that is recited by every Indian and proudly puts forth feelings of love and loyalty towards India, the song is ‘Saare Jahaan Se Achha‘ which is also known as ‘Tarana-e Hind’.

The year 1923 saw King George V bestow a knighthood upon Allama Iqbal, who went on to be known as “Sir Mohammad Iqbal” from that point forward.

Allama Iqbal is regarded as a poet-philosopher of the East who addressed the Muslim ummah and believed in the Wahdatul wujood. He wrote in both, Persian as well as Urdu. 

His poetry emerged as an amazing site where art and message converged to deliver his individual vision. He used to include a lot of poetic devices such as myth, metaphors, symbols, etc. Some of his works that are widely recognized include a collection of poems namely, Rumooz-e Bekhudi, Baal-e Jibreel, Zaboor-e ‘Ajm, Javed Naama, Payaam-e Mashriq, etc. 

Allama Iqbal died on April 21, 1938, in Lahore, Punjab. He has been acclaimed as the father of Pakistan and hence, Iqbal Day is celebrated in Pakistan on November 9. Sir Muhammad Iqbal was a Pakistani Poet-Philosopher and is known as the National Poet of Pakistan. He has been acclaimed as the father of Pakistan and hence, Iqbal Day is celebrated in Pakistan on November 9. 

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FAQs

Q.1. Who wrote Saare Jahaan se Achha?

Ans: Sir Muhammad Iqbal wrote a famous patriotic song in the year 1905 that celebrates the Greatness of India. A song that is recited by every Indian and proudly puts forth feelings of love and loyalty towards India, that song is ‘Saare Jahaan Se Achha‘ which is also known as ‘Tarana-e Hind’

Q.2. What is Muhammad Iqbal famous for?

Ans: Allama Iqbal is known for his influential efforts in directing his fellow Muslims in British-administered India toward the idea of establishment of a separate Muslim State. This aspiration was eventually realized during The Partition of 1947. 

Q.3. Why Iqbal is called Allama in Urdu?

Ans: Muhammad Iqbal is frequently referred to as Allama Iqbal, where Allama is an Urdu word for ‘Scholar’. He was a renowned scholar and was famous for his Urdu poetry

We hope this blog on Allama Iqbal helped you gain knowledge about him. Follow Leverage Edu for more interesting articles and topics on essay writing

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