Do the teachings from everyday experiences count as education or schools are the only places to attain it? The importance of Education is not only limited to the four walls of a classroom but can be explored through various other platforms and self-learning. Even though academic institutions like schools and colleges remain to be the prominent source of education but the learning process begins at home itself. Let us explore different types of education, through this blog!
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What is Education?
Education is a process of acquiring knowledge, skills, habits or values through various techniques like training, teaching, discussion, research, etc. It enables individuals with a sense of right and wrong. One can only prosper and achieve the set target if they have the right information, frame of mind and attitude. Also, education equips one with the right tools to gauge their ideas and interests as well as with skilful ways to express them.
Formal Types of Education
Formal Education refers to the basic mode of education which one generally comes across in schools. It can be regarded as a systematic way of attending a school or university and learning from the teachers using fundamental and instructional skills.
Be it any school, public or private only certified teachers who have qualifications on the chosen domain can provide formal education. Formal education starts at the elementary level and goes up to high school and beyond. Usually, in this setup teaching is curriculum-based and pre-determined.
Here are some characteristics of Formal Education:
- It has a set grading system
- It is perfectly planned and has set course structures to follow
- In response to the teachings, proper fee payment is made every month
- Professional teachers are hired to teach the students
- The prescribed syllabus has to be finished in a pre-determined time duration
- Formal Education follows a hierarchical order of nursery to class 12th
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Informal Type of Education
Whatever insightful information, skill, knowledge or craft you learn without the involvement of any well-structured classroom teaching can be categorized as Informal type of education. Informal education starts as early when one is a toddler. Activities like how to eat food, how to drink water, how to wash your hands, sanitation etc are few of the lessons which can be categorised under Inform learning. Informal education or learning is never limited to the classroom rather it is the type of knowledge one gains even without the intentions of learning. Some major examples of Informal education are a field trip to the museum or art gallery, various stages of homeschooling etc. Following are some characteristics of Informal Education:
- It is not planned and no time table is involved
- There is no syllabus involved
- One must learn randomly from any person as it is not compulsory to learn from a professional teacher
- There is no fee payment or charges involved in this method of learning
- Even learning through everyday experiences count as a casual learning
Non-Formal Type of Education
Non-Formal Education runs along the lines of Formal Education but is more flexible than it. It basically involves generic adult education, adult literacy or college equivalency preparations. Amongst the various types of education, it can be referred as a balance between formal and informal education where there is intentional and pre-planned learning but there is no set curriculum that has to follow or is to be completed in a given time.
The most common set up used to understand this non-formal learning via a home tutor. In this situation, there is a teacher although not certified, a set syllabus has to be followed but there are relaxations to complete it, this is not unintentional learning rather one is aware of the act of learning.
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Apart from these popular types of education, Special Education is one popular type. As reflected by the name, the general notion that people assume of this type of education is teaching the children with disabilities. But it is assisting the students who struggle to match up with the pace of learning in school or college.
We hope that after going through this blog, you are now aware of different types of education. If you want to establish your career abroad, reach out to Leverage Edu and we will help you with the ways of doing the same. To know more book a free counselling session with us!